FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Klallam

 

 

Ethnie: KLALLAM (S'KLALLAM, CLALLAM)
Language: Clallam
Family: Straits Salish
Stock: Central Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 5 1990 Census, all speakers elderly
     The Klallam were a sedentary coastal hunter/gatherer tribe that relied heavily on fishing.  They were located on the northern shore of the Olympic Peninsula between Port Discovery and the Hoko River.  They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
BC  (2)
WA (14)
Present Locations
WA   Jamestown S'Klallam, Sequim
         Lower Elwa Reservation, Port Angeles
         Port Gamble Reservation, Little Boston
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1788 First Wfite contact with Englishman Robert Duffin
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers, conflicts began
1843 Fort Vancouver established
1852 Smallpox epidemic
1854 Occupied territories lost by the Chimacum
1868 Dungeness Massacre to 1868, 18 Tsimshian killed by Clallam in a revenge raid
1870 Smallpox epidemic
1938 Received reservation on Port Gamble Bay  
1981 Jamestown S'Klallam federally recognized
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 2,000 NAHDB calculation
1780 2,000 Mooney estimate
1800 2,000 NAHDB calculation
1854 800 Gibbs
1878 597 Eells estimate
1881 485 Eells estimate
1900 400 NAHDB calculation
1904 336 Official
1910 398 Census
1923 535 US Indian Office
1973 764 US Indian Office
1973 568 BIA
1981 1,637 NAHDB estimate using BIS data
2000 2,500 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Klallum Tribes Sites:
Clallam Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=CLM
Clallam Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=CLM
Dungeness Massacre  1868  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5743
House of Knowledge  Video  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2hZ5jdLALI8
Jamestown S'Klallam Tribe  http://www.jamestowntribe.org/
Klallam  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klallam
Klalam Culture and History  http://www.native-languages.org/klallam_culture.htm
Klallam Language  http://www.ling.unt.edu/~montler/Klallam/
Klallam Language  http://www.ling.unt.edu/~montler/Klallam/WordList/KlIntro.htm
Klallam Language  http://www.native-languages.org/klallam.htm
Lower Elwa Klallam Tribe  http://elwha.org/
Maple Bay:  Last Great Battle  http://www.mbyc.bc.ca/History/LastGreatBattle.htm
Native American Tribes  http://www.clallam.org/communities/native-americans.html
Northwest Coast Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_coastal_culture.htm
Point No Point Treaty  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5637
Port Bamgle Bay Reservation  http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5743
Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe  http://www.pgst.nsn.us/
Port Gamble S'Klallam Tribe  http://home.earthlink.net/~gregoryaa/skybird/gamble/
Port Townsend History  http://www.ptguide.com/history/
Site teaching Klallam ...  http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/localnews/klallamday4.html
S'Klallam or Klallam  http://www.handsontheland.org/classroom/2002serv_learn/olym/nativeamericans.htm
S'Klallam Tribe  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1567.html

Last updated 11/08/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press