The population of the Pacific Slope was in reality more dense
than that of the Pueblo culture. Almost all of the Apacheans
arrived in the southwest about A.D. 1500. So, just prior to
that, the Pueblos owned considerably more territory thereby
making their population less dense.
major contributing factor to the dense Pacific Slope and Pueblo
regions was the relative peaceful nature of the inhabitants.
Violence tended to increase on the Pacific Slope, however, the
more northward one traveled, but so did the richness of the
environment with runs of salmon and bountiful food resources.
All of the inhabitants of the Pacific Slope were
There was no shortage of food resources in the Eastern
Woodlands. Augmenting that, most the inhabiting ethnies were
sedentary and farmed corn, squash, and beans. But there was a
near constant state of war in the Eastern Woodlands. Whether it
was counting coup, revenge, or all out warfare, every ethnie was
affected. Evidence of this condition rests in oral traditions,
observations of early European observers, and the widespread
existence of polygamy.
The Great Plains were virtually uninhabited until about 1650.
There were some Plains River cultures, mostly Caddoan speakers,
but their lifestyle and culture was the same as that of the
Eastern Woodlands. They too were sedentary farmers. Their
populations are considered to be Eastern Woodlands herein.
The arid Northwestern Plateau and Great Basin were inhabited by
hunter/gatherers and foragers respectively. The environment
offered little opportunity for dense populations. Though there
was farming in the Southwestern Desert, much of the terrain was
totally inhospitable. The late arriving Apacheans were at first