FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Achomawi

 

Ethnie: ACHOMAWI (PIT RIVER INDIANS)
Language: Palainihan
Family: Shastan-Palainihan
Stock: Karok-Shasta
Phylum: Hokan
Macro-Culture: Transitional:  Central California, Great Basin, & Northwest
Speakers 81      1990 Census
The Achomawi were semi-sedentary hunter/ gatherer tribes located in the drainage of the Pit River in northeastern California. They were often called the Pit River Indians due to their practice of digging pits for the purpose of catching game. The tribes were often victims of slaving raids of tribes from the north and later was devastated by settlers in the years following the gold rush.
Aboriginal Locations
Achomawi, Atuami, Hamawi, Hantiwi, Ilmawi, Madehsi (possibly 28 villages)
Present Locations
ALTURAS RANCHERIA, Alturas
BIG BEND RANCHERIA, Big Bend
LIKELY RESERVATION, Likely
LOOKOUT RANCHERIA, Lookout
MONTGOMERY CREEK RANCHERIA, Montgomery Creek
ROARING CREEK RANCHERIA, Montgomery Creek
ROUND VALLEY RESERVATION, Covelo
SUSANVILLE RANCHERIA, Susanville
X L RANCH RESERVATION, Alturas
Year History
1848 US Army invasion under Gen. Geo. Crook
1849 Gold rush brought influx of settlers and miners
1854 Rogue River Wars
1871 Began to practice Ghost Dance
1921 Smallpox epidemic
Year Population Source
1700 3,000 NAHDB calculation
1770 1,500 Kroeber estimate
1800 3,000 NAHDB calculation
1848 3,000 Cook estimate
1852 3,000 Cook estimate
1880 1,500 Cook estimate
1900 1,300 NAHDB calculation
1910 1,000 Census
1930 400 Census
1936 500 McGregor estimate
2000 1,500 NAHDB projection
Other speakers of the same language:

Atsugewi

Achomawi Sites
Achomawi  http://www.bartleby.com/61/50/A0055000.html
Achomawi  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/shastan.html
Achomawi and Atsugewi Tales  http://www.public-domain-content.com/books/native_american/ca/aat/index.shtml
Achomawi Basket Maker  http://www.goantiques.com/detail,edward-curtis-indian,133148.html
Achomawi Baskets  http://www.siskiyous.edu/shasta/map/hp/ *
Achomawi Creation Story  http://www.books-about-california.com/Pages/Myths_and_Legends/Creation_and_Longevity.html
Achomawi:  Coyote and Cloud  http://www.care2.com/c2c/groups/disc.html?gpp=3919&pst=720373&archival=1
Achomawi History Brief  http://www.manataka.org/page662.html
Achomawi Man  http://www.firstpeople.us/photos/Achomawi_man.html
Achomawi Mother and Child     http://www.edwardscurtis.com/ACHOMA3.html
Achomawi Matron    http://www.edwardscurtis.com/ACHOMA5.html
Achomawi Photographs  (Shasta area photos)  http://www.siskiyous.edu/shasta/map/hp/
Achomawi Stories II  http://www.manataka.org/~manataka/page789.html
Achomawi Woman  http://www.kaleden.com/detail,edward-curtis-indian,133119.html
Achumawi  http://www.siskiyous.edu/shasta/nat/ach.htm
Achumawi  http://www.californiahistory.net/2_natives/Achumawi.htm
Achumawi  http://www.farwestern.com/crookscanyon/page05.htm
Achumawi Baskets  http://hearstmuseum.berkeley.edu/exhibitions/ncc/gallery_4_1_10.html
Achumawi Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ACH
Achumawi Language  http://www.native-languages.org/achumawi.htm
Achomawi Legend  http://www.firstpeople.us/FP-Html-Legends/Achomawi_Myth-Achomawi.html
Achumawi Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=acv
Achumawi Trade  http://www.siskiyous.edu/shasta/nat/ach/tra.htm
Creation Story  http://www.manataka.org/page397.html
Curtis Collection    http://www.curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/achamawi.html
Curtis Collection  http://www.edwardscurtis.com/ANACHO1.html
Curtis Collection    http://curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/portfolio%20index/portfolio13.html
Dark Legacy of Nome Cult  http://www.albionmonitor.com/9-2-95/history.html
Glass Mountain, Native American Trails  http://gorp.away.com/gorp/publishers/wildernesspress/hik_nativca5.htm
The Gold Rush Legacy:  Greed, Pollution, and Genocide    http://www.earthisland.org/eijournal/spring98/sp98g_wr.htm
Northeastern California  http://daphne.palomar.edu/ddozier/California/regions/Northeast/northeastern_california.htm
Northeastern Culture Area  http://www.californiahistory.net/text_only/2_5.htm
Pit River / Hat Creek Baskets  http://www.californiabaskets.com/pages/pitriverhatcreekhome.html
Round Valley Indian Tribes  http://www.covelo.net/tribes/pages/tribes.shtml
Susanville Indian Rancheria  http://sir-nsn.gov/
Susanville Indian Rancheria Constitution and By-Laws  http://www.ntjrc.org/ccfolder/susanvilleconst.htm
Wolf Lichen to Poison Arrowheads  http://www.lichen.com/bigpix/Lvulpina.html
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Last updated 08/02/07   Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press