FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Ahtna

 

 

Ethnie: AHTNA
Language: Ahtna
Family: Tanaina-Ahtna
Stock: Athapaskan
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Alaska

 

 

 

 

Speakers 80   (1995 M. Krausse)
      The Ahtna were a hunter/fisher/gatherer tribe of Alaska's Copper River that had little White contact until the 1880's. The tribe's aggressive nature allowed them to remain isolated in spite of White exploration. Their territory was sparsely populated. Though considerably smaller in population and speaking a different language, they are culturally close to the neighboring Tlingit.
Aboriginal Locations
AK   Ikherkhamut, Kangikhlukmut, Kulushut, Shukhtutakhlit, Vikhit (8)
Present Locations
AK   Ahtna Incorporated, Copper River 
Year History
1781 Russian Nagaieff discovered mouth of Copper River, hostile natives prevented exploration
1796 Russian Samoylof attempted exploration, failed
1798 Russian Lastochkin attempted exploration failed
1819 Russian Klimoffsky attempted exploration failed; Russian post established near Taral
1837 Smallpox epidemic
1844 Russian Gregorief attempted exploration, failed
1848 Russian Serebrannikof partially explored river, he and 3 others killed by natives; Taral post closed
1867 Alaska Purchase
1882 Holt ascended to Taral, killed by natives
1884 Lt. Abercrombie explored part of river
1885 Lt. Allen explored to Ahtena villages
1898 Gold rush, influx of miners
1905 Richardson Highway opened
1918 Influenza epidemic
1942 Epidemic
1948 Epidemic
1971 Shared in $962.5 million settlement for land claims relative to Alaska Pipeline; Athena Corporation formed for administration
Year AK Population   Source
1700 500   NAHDB calculation
1740 500   Mooney estimate
1800 550   NAHDB calculation
1818 567   Petroff estimate
1880 300   Petroff estimate
1890 142   Census
1900 300   NAHDB calculation
1910 297   Census
1967 500   Federal Field Committee
2000 800   NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Ahtna Sites
Ahtna  http://www.everyculture.com/North-America/Ahtna.html
Athna Athabascan  http://www.uaf.edu/anlc/pubs/aa.html
Ahtna Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t325
Ahtna Corporation  http://www.commerce.state.ak.us/dca/AEIS/Statewide_NativeCorps/NativeCorp_Ahtna.htm
Ahtna Development Corporation  http://www.ahtna-development.com/
Ahtna History  http://www.ahtnasts.com/ahtna_history.htm
Ahtna Incorporated  http://www.ahtna-inc.com/
Ahtna Language  http://www.native-languages.org/ahtna.htm
Ahtna Language  http://www.uaf.edu/anlc/langs/aa.html
Ahtna Langauge  http://www.ling.ohio-state.edu/~ehume/metathesis/Ahtna.html
Ahtna Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=aht
Ahtna Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=aht
Gakona and Gulkana  http://www.traveltoalaska.com/Gakona-Gulkana.html
Observations on Ahtna Indians  http://www.alaska.net/~awss/PowellAhtnas.html
Smelcer, John E., Poet  http://theliteraryreview.org/Featured_P&W/John_Smelcer/
They Want to Accept Baptism ...  http://www.loc.gov/rr/european/mofc/znamenski.html
Visiting an Ahtna Home  http://www.alaska.net/~awss/MargesonAhtna.html
Ya Ne Da Ah School  http://www.innovations.harvard.edu/awards.html?id=6399

Last updated 09/11/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press