FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Aleut

 

 

Ethnie: ALEUT
Language: Aleut
Family: Aleut
Stock: Eskimo-Aleut
Phylum: Eskimo-Aleut
Macro-Culture: Alaska

 

 

 

 

Speakers 300   (1995 M. Krausse)
      The Aleuts arrived some 5,000 years ago, and settled in loose family groups on the coast and offshore islands of southwest Alaska. They were maritime hunters, but also hunted inland. They were all but destroyed by the Russians who exploited the Aleut to further Russian fur enterprises. The Russians killed approximately 14,000 of the tribe. Ancestors of the survivors are now mostly Russian Orthodox and reside in their aboriginal territories.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
AK     Atka (35), Unalaska (43)
Present Locations
AK    Aleut Corporation, Anchorage
          Bristol Bay Native Corporation, Dillingham
          Chugach Alaska Corporation, Anchorage
          Konaig, Incorporated, Kodiak
Year History
1741 Visited by Russians Chirikoff and Bering
1745 Islands discovered by Russian Nerodchikof
1750 Russians undertook program of hostage taking, forcing Aleuts to trap for them
1761 Aleuts decimated a party of Russian traders at Umnak Island
1762 Aleuts destroyed 5 Russian ships
1766 Russian Ivan Solovief led an armada against Aleuts, reducing their population by 90%, "a manageable number"
1794 Russian government interfered protecting natives
1824 Greek Church missionary Veniamanoff arrived, protected natives
1849 Smallpox epidemic
Year AK Population   Source
1700 16,000   NAHDB calculation
1740 16,000   Mooney estimate
1800 2,000   NAHDB calculation
1840 2,247   Veniamanoff estimate
1848 1,400   Father Shaiesnekov estimate
1890 1,702   Census
1900 2,000   NAHDB calculation
1910 1,451   Census
1995 2,000   M. Krausse
2000 2,200   NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
 
Afognak Village History  http://afognak.org/education/history_intro.php
Alaska Carving Arts  http://alaskanativearts.org/shop/ArtbyCategory.aspx?CategoryID=6
Alaska Native Arts Foundation  http://alaskanativehttp://www.apiai.com/Familyprog.asp?page=FamilyProgarts.org/AboutAlaska/Region48.html
Alaska Native Languages - Aleut  http://www.uaf.edu/anlc/langs/al.html
Alaska Pribilof Islands Association  http://www.apiai.com/Familyprog.asp?page=FamilyProg
Aleut  http://www.hrw.com/si/social/si_beginnings/si_alaskanpeople/modaleut.html
Aleut  http://www.angelfire.com/realm/shades/nativeamericans/aleut.htm
Aleut  http://www.everyculture.com/North-America/Aleut.html
Aleut  http://ankn.uaf.edu/ANCR/aleut.html
Aleut  http://www.mnh.si.edu/arctic/features/croads/modaleut.html
Aleut Alutiig  http://ankn.uaf.edu/ANCR/aleut.html
Aleut and Alutiig if Alaska  http://www.aaanativearts.com/article1087.html
Aleut and the Otter  http://www.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF6/605.html
Aleut Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t126
Aleut Basket Collection  http://www.aleutians.org/basket.html
Aleut Corporation  http://www.aleutcorp.com/
Aleut Eskimo Style Paddle Making  http://www.users.zetnet.co.uk/cbrown/pdlemk.htm
Aleut History Brief  http://www.apiai.com/Familyprog.asp?page=FamilyProg
Aleutian Islands  http://www.answers.com/topic/aleutian-islands
Aleutian Pribilof Islands Association  http://www.apiai.com/cultural_heritage.asp?page=culturalheritage
Aleut Indian Culture  http://www.esd.ornl.gov/iab/iab7-3.htm
Aleut Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ale
Aleut Language  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aleut_language
Aleut Language  http://www.native-languages.org/aleut.htm 
Aleut Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=ale
Aleut Literature  http://www.indians.org/welker/aleut.htm
Aleut Literature  http://www.indigenouspeople.net/aleut.htm
Aleut Mednyj Language   http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=mud
Aleut Paddles  http://outdoors.webshots.com/album/557607105GjNVKH
Aleut:  People o the Aleutian Chain  http://arcticcircle.uconn.edu/HistoryCulture/Aleut/aleutindex.html
Aleut Research Program  http://www2.ku.edu/~lba/Aleut_Results.htm
Aleuts of the Pribilof Islands, Alaska  http://www.amiq.org/aleuts.html
Aleuts  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/northamerica/aleuts.html
Aleuts  http://homepages.tesco.net/~richard.alonzo/Tribes/aleuts.htm
Aleut Story  http://www.aleutstory.tv/flm_main.html
Aleuts:  Unangen  http://www.rootsweb.com/~akahgp/Social/aleut.htm
Aleut Throwing Boards  http://www.arctic.net/~dickson/aleutb.html
Alutiig-Aleut  http://www.apiai.com/Familyprog.asp?page=FamilyProg
Alvin Amason  http://arcticcircle.uconn.edu/Museum/Art/Amason/
Bristol Bay Native Corporation  http://www.bbnc.net/
Chugach Alaska Corporation  http://www.chugach-ak.com/pressrelease/press51601.htm
Eskimo Aleut Language Family  http://www.native-languages.org/famesk.htm
Eskimo-Aleut Religion  http://philtar.ucsm.ac.uk/encyclopedia/nam/inuit.html
Peter the Aleut  http://orthodoxwiki.org/Peter_the_Aleut
Saint Peter the Aleut  http://www.umich.edu/~ocf/saint_peter_the_aleut.htm
Saint Peter the Aleut  http://www.allsaintsofamerica.org/orthodoxy/peter.html
Trans-polar Aleut Nation  http://wiki.dumpshock.com/index.php/Trans-polar_Aleut_Nation
Unanga  http://www.firstnationsseeker.ca/Aleut.html
Veniaminov, Ivan  http://www.uh.edu/engines/epi668.htm
Whalebone Mask Ma Rewrite Aleut History  http://remotecentral.blogspot.com/2007/08/whalebone-mask-may-rewrite-aleut.html

Last updated 09/13/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press