FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Atsugewi

 

Ethnie: ATSUGEWI
Language: Palaihnihan
Family: Shasta-Palainihan
Stock: Karok-Shastan
Phylum: Hokan
Macro-Culture: Transitional:  Central California, Great Basin, Northwest California

 

 

 

 

Speakers 4      1962 Chafe
The Atsugewi were a small semi-sedentary hunter/ gatherer tribe of northeastern California. They are closely related to, and possibly a sub-tribe of, the Achomawi. They were devastated by the settler influx that followed the gold rush.
Aboriginal Locations
Apwarukei (Dixie Valley), Atguge (Hat Creek), Wamarķi (Burney Valley)
Present Locations
LASSEN VOLCANIC NATIONAL PARK, Mineral
SUSANVILLE INDIAN RANCHERIA, Susanville
Year History
1827 Peter Skene Ogden visited territory
1830 Hudson Bay Co. traders in area
1851 Prospectors and settlers encroached on territory
1856 Attacked and killed Fall River ferry operators, followed by punitive war by White volunteers
1857 Fort Crook built near Fall River, peace followed
1859 Atguge band under chief Shavehead massacred Whites at Hat Creek, volunteers mistakenly annihilated friendly Apwaruge village; survivors sent to Round Valley but soon filtered back
1890 Began Ghost Dance
Year Population Source
1700 300 NAHDB calculation
1800 300 NAHDB calculation
1900 50 NAHDB calculation
1972 25 Garth estimate
2000 50 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Achomawi
Atsugewi Sites
Achomawi and Atsugewi Tales  http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/ca/aat/
Atsugewi  http://www.californiahistory.net/2_natives/Atsugewi.htm
Atsugewi  http://www.siskiyous.edu/shasta/nat/ats.htm
Atsugewi  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/shastan.html
Atsugewi Basket  http://www.californiabaskets.com/consignmentbaskets.htm
Atsugewi Language  http://www.native-languages.org/atsugewi.htm
Atsugewi Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ATW
Atsugewi Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=ATW
Atsugewi Student project  http://www.murrieta.k12.ca.us/alta/dfuller/2002/02j/tribe.html
Crater Lake  http://www.nps.gov/crla/klsoc.htm
Cultural History of Lassen Peak    http://www.shastahome.com/lassen-volcanic/content.htm
Figure Type Languages  http://elies.rediris.es/elies11/cap223.htm
The Gold Rush Legacy:  Greed, Pollution, and Genocide http://www.earthisland.org/eijournal/spring98/sp98g_wr.htm
Image Schemas; Color; Frame Semantics http://www.icsi.berkeley.edu/~bbergen/cogsci110/lectures/lecture12.html
Lassen  http://www.gorp.com/gorp/resource/US_National_Park/ca/his_la.HTM
Lassen Park  http://www.scsc.k12.ar.us/2001Outwest/PacificNaturalHistory/Projects/CearleyD/Lassen.htm
Lassen Regional Project  http://www4.hmc.edu:8001/humanities/indian/lassen/Lassen4.htm
Northeastern Culture Area  http://www.californiahistory.net/text_only/2_5.htm
Pit River / Hat Creek Baskets  http://www.californiabaskets.com/pages/pitriverhatcreekhome.html
Susanville Indian Rancheria  http://sir-nsn.gov/
Susanville Indian Rancheria Constitution and By-Laws  http://www.ntjrc.org/ccfolder/susanvilleconst.htm
Last updated 08/02/07   Copyright © 2007 by Four Directions Press