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Bayougoula

 

 

Ethnie: BAYOUGOULA
Language Group: Choctaw
Family: Choctaw
Stock: Western Muskhogean
Phylum: Muskhogean
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers 24,640   1998 in total language, Bayougoula extinct
      The Bayougoula were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe of the lower Mississippi in Louisiana.  They allied with the French and suffered greatly in conflicts with other tribes.  They were ultimately absorbed by the Houma.
Aboriginal Locations (# of Villages)
LA  (1)
Present Locations
LA  Absorbed into the Houma, Golden Meadow
Year History
1682 Not located on Mississippi when region visited by La Salle (disputed by Ford)
1686 Possibly encountered by Tonti, called "Pishenoa" living on Mississippi along with Mugulasha
1699 Surprise attack by Houma, suffered severely, encountered Iberville at Biloxi who later visited tribe and drew a graphic image of the village; Iberville took a tribe member to France to learn French language, but he died returning to his people
1700 Bayougoula attacked fellow townsmen Mugulasha and destroyed the latter, tribe then took in the Acolapissa, later visited by Father Gravier
1706 Attacked by Taensa who had earlier sought refuge with Bayougoula, tribe settled near a French fort on the Mississippi 
1707 Bayougoula furnished 20 warriors  to St. Denis in an expedition against the Chitimacha
1725 Tribe had removed to a site 13 leagues above New Orleans
1739 Lived at a site between Acolapissa and Houma before being absorbed by Houma
Year Total LA Population Source
1650 1,500 Mooney estimate
1698 875 Swanton estimate
1699 500 Iberville estimate
1700 200 Gravier estimate
1700 200 NAHDB calculation
1715 120 Swanton estimate
1800 0 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Acolapissa, Chakchiuma, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Houma, Mobile, Napochi, Okelusa, Pascagoula, Pensacola, Tohome
Bayougoula Sites:
At different times there were 40 different Native American tribes in Louisiana ...  http://www.charentonheritage.com/laIndianhistory.html
Bayougoula  http://www.american-native-art.com/publication/bayougoula/bayougoula.html
Bayougoula and Mugulasha  http://www.angelfire.com/realm/shades/nativeamericans/bayougoula.htm
Bayougoula History  http://www.dickshovel.com/bayo.html
Choctaw History * http://www.museumoftheredriver.org/choctaw.html
Choctaw History:  A Journey Past  http://www.ajourneypast.com/choctawhistory.html
Choctaw History, Stories, and Info  http://www.tc.umn.edu/~mboucher/mikebouchweb/choctaw/chocpage.htm
Choctaw Language  http://www.louisianafolklife.org/LT/Virtual_Books/Keeping_It/creole_book_keep_choc.html
Choctaw Language  http://www.native-languages.org/choctaw.htm
Choctaw Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_language.asp?code=CCT
Choctaw Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_language.asp?code=CCT
Choctaw Religion  http://philtar.ucsm.ac.uk/encyclopedia/nam/choctaw.html
Choctaw Vocabulary  http://www.native-languages.org/choctaw_words.htm
Louisiana's Living Traditions  http://www.louisianafolklife.org/lt/virtual_books/fla_parishes/book_florida_indians.html
Pyramid Mesa - Bayougoula History  http://www.squadronhosting.com/pyramidmesa/bayougoula.htm

Last updated 09/23/07  Copyright 2007

 by Four Directions Press