Language Group: Beothuk
Family: Central Algonquian
Stock: Algonquian
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Great Plains
      The Beothuk were a maritime and hunter language group that occupied all but northernmost Newfoundland. They fell victim to the aggression of the French and Micmac early in history. A British proclamation for their protection was unsuccessful in preventing their extinction. There is considerable question as to whether they were linguistically related to other peoples or are a linguistic isolate.
Aboriginal Locations (# of Villages)
NF, LB ?
Present Locations
  Ethnie extinct
Year History
1004 Probably met by Thorvald Ericsson who was killed in battle, as well as were eight Indians
1497 Met by John Cabot
1501 Gaspar Corte Real kidnaped 57 as slaves
1523 Met Da Verrazano
1524 Met Cartier
1700 Differences with French and Micmac, driven north to Exploits River
1810 Proclamation for Beothuk protection issued by Sir Thomas Duckworth
1820 Demasduit, Beothuk woman, died of tuberculosis
1827 Carmack search for Beothuk, found none
1829 Shanawdithit, last Beothuk, a woman died of tuberculosis at Victoria Hospital in St. Johns, died
Year NF Population Source
1600 500 Mooney estimate
1700 500 NAHDB calculation
1800 50 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0   NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Beothuk Sites:
Archeological Sites of Newfoundland and Labrador
Beothuk and Micmac
Beothuk Artifacts
Beothuk at Russel's Point
Beothuk Bibliography
Beothuk Drawings
Beothukan Family Indian History
Beothuk History
Beothuk History
Beothuk History
Beothuk History
Beothuk History in Newfoundland
Beothuk Indians "Newfoundland's Red Ochre People"
Beothuk Indians of Canada
Beothuk Indians of Newfoundland
Beothuk (Kid's site)
Beothuk Language
Beothuk Language
Beothuk Language
Beothuk:  Newfoundland's Extinct Natives
Beothuk of Newfoundland
Beothuk of Newfoundland  Student Project
Beothuk (Red Indians)
Beothuk Religious Beliefs and Practices
Beothuks of Newfoundland
Beothuks of Newfoundland  5th Grade Student Project
Beothuks or Red Indian of Newfoundland
Boyd's Cove Beothuk Interpretive Centre
Disappearance of the Beothuks
Extinction of the Beothuk Indians
Historiography of an Ahistoricity: on the Beothuk Indians
Last of Beothuk honoured with new monument
Native Groups of Newfoundland and Labrador  5th Grade Student Project
Shanawdithit, Last of the Beothuks
What Happened to the Beothuk Indians?
Who Were the Beothuk Indians?

Last updated 09/24/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press