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Beothuk

 

 

Ethnie: BEOTHUK
Language Group: Beothuk
Family: Central Algonquian
Stock: Algonquian
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Great Plains
      The Beothuk were a maritime and hunter language group that occupied all but northernmost Newfoundland. They fell victim to the aggression of the French and Micmac early in history. A British proclamation for their protection was unsuccessful in preventing their extinction. There is considerable question as to whether they were linguistically related to other peoples or are a linguistic isolate.
Aboriginal Locations (# of Villages)
NF, LB ?
Present Locations
  Ethnie extinct
Year History
1004 Probably met by Thorvald Ericsson who was killed in battle, as well as were eight Indians
1497 Met by John Cabot
1501 Gaspar Corte Real kidnaped 57 as slaves
1523 Met Da Verrazano
1524 Met Cartier
1700 Differences with French and Micmac, driven north to Exploits River
1810 Proclamation for Beothuk protection issued by Sir Thomas Duckworth
1820 Demasduit, Beothuk woman, died of tuberculosis
1827 Carmack search for Beothuk, found none
1829 Shanawdithit, last Beothuk, a woman died of tuberculosis at Victoria Hospital in St. Johns, died
Year NF Population Source
1600 500 Mooney estimate
1700 500 NAHDB calculation
1800 50 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0   NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Beothuk Sites:
Archeological Sites of Newfoundland and Labrador  http://www.tcr.gov.nl.ca/tcr/pao/Arch%20Sites/Beo.htm
Beothuk  http://www.nativeamericans.com/Beothuk.htm
Beothuk  http://www.collectionscanada.ca/confederation/023001-2957-e.html
Beothuk  http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/index.cfm?PgNm=TCE&Params=A1ARTA0000690
Beothuk  http://www.american-native-art.com/publication/beothuk/beothuk.html
Beothuk  http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/firstnations/beothuk.html
Beothuk  http://www.enotes.com/genocide-encyclopedia/beothuk
Beothuk  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beothuk
Beothuk and Micmac  http://www.swgc.mun.ca/nfld_history/nfld_history_beothuk.htm
Beothuk Artifacts  http://www.civilization.ca/cmc/archeo/cvh/neuf/v67-28.htm
Beothuk at Russel's Point  http://www.crossroadsforcultures.ca/beothuks/index.php?narId=20&language=en
Beothuk Bibliography  http://faculty.marianopolis.edu/c.belanger/nfldhistory/Beothukbibliography.htm
Beothuk Drawings  http://canadianheritage.org/reproductions/21796.htm
Beothukan Family Indian History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/beothukanfamilyhist/beothukanhist.htm
Beothuk History  http://txtx.essortment.com/beothukindians_rmrx.htm
Beothuk History  http://www.k12.nf.ca/mobile/Beothuk/page2.htm
Beothuk History  http://www.mun.ca/rels/native/beothuk/beohist.html
Beothuk History  http://www.dickshovel.com/beo.html
Beothuk History in Newfoundland  http://www.valhalla-lodge.com/beothuk.htm
Beothuk Indians "Newfoundland's Red Ochre People"  http://historica.ca/the_beothuk.php
Beothuk Indians of Canada  http://www.canadiangenealogy.net/indians/beothuk_indians.htm
Beothuk Indians of Newfoundland  http://www.infonet.st-johns.nf.ca/green/beo1.html
Beothuk (Kid's site)  http://www.collectionscanada.ca/settlement/kids/021013-2021.9-e.html
Beothuk Language  http://www.native-languages.org/beothuk.htm
Beothuk Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=bue
Beothuk Language  http://www.heritage.nf.ca/aboriginal/beo_language.html
Beothuk:  Newfoundland's Extinct Natives  http://canadianhistory.suite101.com/article.cfm/the_brothuk
Beothuk of Newfoundland  http://visitnewfoundland.ca/beothuk.html
Beothuk of Newfoundland  Student Project  http://www.paradise.k12.nf.ca/beothuks/culture.html
Beothuk (Red Indians)  http://www.geocities.com/mixedblood1/Beothuk.html
Beothuk Religious Beliefs and Practices  http://www.mun.ca/rels/native/beothuk/beo_religion.html
Beothuks  http://www.therooms.ca/museum/mnotes1.asp
Beothuks  http://www.wordplay.com/tourism/beothuk.html
Beothuks  http://www.heritage.nf.ca/aboriginal/beothuk.html
Beothuks of Newfoundland  http://www.buzzle.com/editorials/3-4-2004-51259.asp
Beothuks of Newfoundland  5th Grade Student Project  http://www.k12.nf.ca/fatima/beothuks.htm
Beothuks or Red Indian of Newfoundland  http://www2.marianopolis.edu/quebechistory/encyclopedia/Beothuks.htm
Boyd's Cove Beothuk Interpretive Centre  http://www.tcr.gov.nl.ca/tcr/historicsites/Boyds%20Cove.htm
Disappearance of the Beothuks  http://www.histori.ca/peace/page.do?pageID=274
Extinction of the Beothuk Indians  http://vt.essortment.com/beothuksnewfou_rcmr.htm
Historiography of an Ahistoricity: on the Beothuk Indians  http://www.eiu.edu/~soc1/DeptSyllabi06/Holly/beothukAHistory.pdf
Last of Beothuk honoured with new monument  http://www.cbc.ca/canada/newfoundland-labrador/story/2007/07/13/shanawdithit-memorial.html
Native Groups of Newfoundland and Labrador  5th Grade Student Project  http://www.k12.nf.ca/pointleamington/4-6/Beothuks.htm
Shanawdithit, Last of the Beothuks  http://www.aaanativearts.com/ancient-indians/Shanawdithit-last-beothuk.htm
What Happened to the Beothuk Indians?  http://www.mysteriesofcanada.com/Newfoundland/beothuk.htm
Who Were the Beothuk Indians?  http://www.manataka.org/page266.html

Last updated 09/24/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press