FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Cahto

 

Ethnie: CAHTO (KATO)
Language: Wailakian
Family: Pacific Coast Athapaskan
Stock: Athapaskan
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwest California
Speakers 10 or fewer      1962 Chafe
The Cahto were the southernmost Athapaskans on the Pacific Coast, arriving from Canada late in the first millennium. They were a sedentary hunter/gatherer tribe on the upper south fork of the Eel River. They had conflicts with the Yuki just prior to White arrival. They were devastated by the White influx following the gold rush.
Aboriginal Locations
15 to 20 villages on the Eel River
Present Locations
  LAYTONVILLE RESERVATION, Laytonville
Year History
1826 Territory first entered by Jedediah Strong Smith
1850 Influx of settlers due to gold rush, violence ensued
1870 Big Head Cult Dance introduced "Ghost Dance"
1908 Homeland of 200 acres purchased for tribe by missionaries
1967 Tribe federally recognized
Year Population Source
1700 500 NAHDB calculation
1770 500
1800 500 NAHDB calculation
1851 500
1900 50 NAHDB calculation
1910 51 Census
1963 50 Calif. Commission on Indian Affairs
1972 95 Cahto Tribal Council
1981 177 BIA
1989 504 BIA
2000 50 NAHDB calculation
2006 55 Per tribal rolls
Other speakers of the same language:
Eel River Tribes, Wailaki
Cahto Sites
Cahto (Kato) Language  http://www.billabbie.com/calath/caindex.html
Cahto Stories  http://thunder.prohosting.com/~bintcbil/cgi-bin/castoryindex.html
Cahto Tribe  http://www.cahto.org/
God Had a Dog  Kato legend http://jssmith.home.mindspring.com/page5.html
The Great Horned Serpent - Cahto Language  http://thunder.prohosting.com/~bintcbil/cgi-bin/text2htmlonline.cgi?storynum=25.html
Kato Language  http://www.native-languages.org/kato.htm
Kato Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=KTW
Kato Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=KTW
Laytonville, California  http://www.loeser.us/laytonville.html
Laytonville Landfill  http://www.engg.ksu.edu/CHSR/outreach/tosnac/sites/cahtolaytonville.html
Red Fox Casino  http://www.casinocity.com/us/ca/laytonville/caredfox/owner/
Last updated 06/22/07   Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press