FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Cahuilla

 

Ethnie: CAHUILLA
Language: Southern Takic
Family: Takic
Stock: Uto-Aztecan
Phylum: Aztec-Tanoan
Macro-Culture: Southern California
x
The Takic peoples arrived in southern California about 2,500 years ago. All were peaceful hunter/ gatherer mountain and desert cultures. The Cahuilla delineation was a result of the Spanish missionization which separated them from the so called Cupeño. They were several closely connected villages who ranged over the entire San Bernardino basin, the San Jacinto Mountains, and the Coachella Valley.
Aboriginal Locations
Desert, Mountain, Western or Pass (19 total villages)
Present Locations
AGUA CALIENTE RESERVATION, Palm Springs
AUGUSTINE RESERVATION, Thermal
CAHUILLA RESERVATION, Hemet
CABAZON RESERVATION, Indio
LOS COYOTES RESERVATION, Warner Springs
MORONGO RESERVATION, Banning
RAMONA RESERVATION, Riverside
SANTA ROSA RESERVATION, Hemet
SOBOBA RESERVATION, San Jacinto
TORRES MARTINEZ RESERVATION, Thermal
Year History
1774  Juan Bautista de Anza expedition
1781  Yumas closed land route to Whites
1811  Revolted against the missions along with the Serrano, Gabrielino, and Yuma
1819  Several asistencias established nearby
1845  Chief Juan Antonio recruited to attack Luiseño in Mexican War, killed 33 to 100 at Temecula
1850  Revolted along with Yuma and Cocopa at Cupeño village over property tax imposition
1863  Smallpox epidemic from infected blankets given by Whites
1891  Reservations established
1913  Killed Indian Agent
Year Population Source
1700  8,000 NAHDB calculation
1770  8,000 Bean estimate
1800  8,000 NAHDB calculation
1865  1,181 Harley estimate
1891  1,156 Harley estimate
1892  1,262 Shipek estimate
1900 1,300 NAHDB calculation
1970  1,629 Census
1981  2,051 NAHDB calculation using BIA data
1989  2,807 NAHDB calculation using BIA data
2000  3,000 NAHDB projection
Other speakers of the same language:
Cupeno, Juaneno, Luiseno
Cahuilla links:
Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians  http://www.xeri.com/Moapa/cahuilla1.htm
Agua Caliente Band of Cahuilla Indians  http://www.aguacaliente.org/
Agua Caliente Band of Mission Indians Constitution  http://www.csusm.edu/bbiggs/loc/rezinfo/aguacaliente/index.htm
Agua Caliente Cultural Museum  www.accmuseum.org
Agua Caliente Reservation  http://www.csusm.edu/bbiggs/loc/rezinfo/aguacaliente/index.htm
Agua Caliente Storyteller  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues01/Co04072001/CO_04072001_Storyteller.htm
Ancient Lake Cahuilla  http://home.att.net/~amcimages/singer.html
Ancient Times - The Years of the Cahuilla  http://rims.k12.ca.us/foot_prints/Files/prehistory_portal.htm
Anza Borrego Cahuilla Indian Village  http://outdoors.webshots.com/album/253142876FWIAuf
Anza Borrego State Park  http://www.desertusa.com/anza_borrego/du_abp_desc.html
Basket Course Weaves History in Lesson  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues03/Co06142003/CO_06142003_Basket_Course.htm
Baskets Past, Present  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues01/Co07282001/CO_07282001_Baskets.htm
Biography:  Katherine Siva Saubel  http://www.americanindian.ucr.edu/events/biography.html
Cabazon Nation  http://www.cabazonnation.com/
Cabazon Reservation  http://www.csusm.edu/bbiggs/loc/rezinfo/cabazon/index.htm
Cahuilla  http://www.californiahistory.net/2_natives/cahuilla.htm
Cahuilla  http://www.curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/cahuilla.html
Cahuilla  http://eee.uci.edu/clients/tcthorne/idp/clickablecamap/Cahuilla.htm
Cahuilla  http://www.linkline.com/personal/shoe62/anza/cahuilla.html
Cahuilla  http://www.everyculture.com/North-America/Cahuilla.html
Cahuilla  http://www.scsc.k12.ar.us/2002Outwest/NaturalHistory/Projects/LachowskyR/Cahuilla.htm
Cahuilla and the Southern Deserts  http://www4.hmc.edu:8001/humanities/indian/ca/ch14.htm
Cahuilla Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t8
Cahuilla Basket Gallery  http://www.rain.org/campinternet/basketgallery/cahuilla/basket.html
Cahuilla Bibliography  http://www.americanindian.ucr.edu/references/bibliographies/cahuilla.html
Cahuilla Casino  http://www.thefriendliestcasino.com/
The Cahuilla Connection  http://www.sustainedaction.org/Explorations/cahuilla_connection.htm
Cahuilla Culture and Their Baskets  http://www4.hmc.edu:8001/humanities/indian/basketry/Cahuilla.html
Cahuilla Images  http://www.csusm.edu/bbiggs/loc/rezinfo/cahuilla/cahuilla_images.htm
Cahuilla Indians:  California Desert People  http://www.manataka.org/page550.html
Cahuilla Information  http://www.xeri.com/Moapa/cahuilla.htm
Cahuilla Inter-tribal Repatriation Committee  http://www.cahuillarepatriation.org/
Cahuilla Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=CHL
Cahuilla Language  http://www.native-languages.org/cahuilla.htm
Cahuilla Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=CHL
The Cahuilla of the Mojave and Sonoran Deserts  http://www.desertusa.com/ind1/du_peo_cahuilla.html
Cahuilla Photos  http://www.curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/volumeindex/volume15.html
Cahuilla Photos  http://www.old-picture.com/cahuilla-index-001.htm
Cahuilla Reservation  http://www.csusm.edu/bbiggs/loc/rezinfo/cahuilla/
Cahuilla Student Project  http://www.murrieta.k12.ca.us/alta/grade4/tribes/cahuilla.html
Cahuilla Territory  http://www.cahuillarepatriation.org/serranomap.htm
California Fan Palm  http://www.livingdesert.org/plants/california_fan_palm.asp
Casino Morongo  http://www.casinomorongo.com/
Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/southern_california_culture.htm
Cupules:  Luiseno and Cahuilla  http://www.sinay.com/rockart/rock/rock-10.htm
Curtis Photo Gallery  http://memory.loc.gov/award/iencurt/ct15/ct15toc.html
David Largo:  A Cahuilla Potter  http://daphne.palomar.edu/ddozier/personal_pages/publications/david_largo.htm
Falling Rock    http://www.hanksville.org/artists/GClarke/
History of Palm Springs - An Indian Beginning  http://palmsprings.com/history/indian.html
How the Cahuilla Indians Lived in Their Land  http://cpconline.dfclex.com/wsp/07_cahuilla.asp
Founding of Malki  http://www.malkimuseum.org/Malki%20Founding.htm
Indian Canyons:  Palm Springs CA  http://www.palmsprings.com/points/canyon/
Katherine Siva Saubel  http://www.east-buc.k12.ia.us/00_01/WH/klw/klw.htm
Lake Cahuilla: Reconstruction of Prehistoric Shorelines ...  http://gis.esri.com/library/userconf/proc00/professional/papers/PAP751/p751.htm
Los Coyotes Indian Reservation  http://www.kumeyaay.info/los_coyotes.html
Los Coyotes Reservation  http://www.csusm.edu/bbiggs/loc/rezinfo/loscoyotes/index.htm
Malki Museum - Traditions Passed On  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues01/Co05052001/CO_05052001_Tribalmuseum.htm
Marcos:  Palm Canyon Cahuilla  http://www.edwardscurtis.com/MARCOS.html
Morongo Band of Mission Indians  http://missionindians.tripod.com/main.htm
Morongo Reservation  http://www.csusm.edu/bbiggs/loc/rezinfo/morongo/index.htm
Morongo Reservation and Mt. San Gorgonio  http://content.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/kt4w1004ck/
Morongo Sweathouse Interior  http://content.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/tf7z09p62g/
National Women's Hall of Fame:  Katherine Siva Saubel  http://www.greatwomen.org/women.php?action=viewone&id=135
Native Americans of the Salton Basin - Colorado Delta  http://www.sci.sdsu.edu/salton/NativeAmericansSaltonBasin.html
Nukatem  http://www.pantheon.org/articles/n/nukatem.html
People of the Mojave Desert  http://score.rims.k12.ca.us/activity/mojave/people.html
Pollen From Milling Stones ...  http://www.pcas.org/Vol32N4/324Pri.pdf
The Salton Basin - An Historical Chronology  http://home.att.net/~amcimages/saltonbasin.html
The Salton Sea  http://visearth.ucsd.edu/VisE_Int/aralseahtml/SaltSea.Cahuilla.html
Salton Sea - Historical Chronology  http://www.saltonsea.ca.gov/histchron.htm
Santa Rosa Reservation  http://www.csusm.edu/bbiggs/loc/rezinfo/santarosa/
Soboba Reservation  http://www.csusm.edu/bbiggs/loc/rezinfo/soboba/index.htm
Some So Ca Cordage  http://daphne.palomar.edu/ddozier/personal_pages/publications/cordage.htm
Story of the Blue Lizard  http://www.pictavia.org/chronicles/lilies&lizards.html
Temalpakh:  Cahuilla Indian Knowledge and Usage of Plants  http://www.edibleplants.com/books/temalpakh.htm
Torres-Martinez Reservation  http://www.csusm.edu/bbiggs/loc/rezinfo/torresmartinez/torresmartinez_images.htm
Torres-Martinez Tribal Council  http://www.sci.sdsu.edu/salton/TorresMartinezTribalCoun.html
* Click on "Edit" then on "Find  (on this page)" then type in "cahuilla" and then press Enter
Last updated 08/02/07   Copyright © 2007 by Four Directions Press