data provided herein is extracted from the Native American
Historical Data Base by Larry T. B. Sunderland. Similar
presentations for the entire United States and Canada have been
published in The Native American Handbook by Four Directions
Press ISBN 0-9712666.1.1 who will begin filling orders November 1,
2001. No representation as to accuracy are made regarding the
links that are not a part of this web site.
R. Swanton, Indian Tribes of North America; California, Smithsonian
Institution Bureau of Ethnology Bulletin145 (Washington Government
Printing Office 1952)
populations are those estimated at contact. Most believe that
the 1492 populations were as much as twice as high. It is
theorized the post-Columbian/pre-contact disease resulted in cataclysmic
Populations are projected by the data base for benchmark years
entitled Arrival, Year 1700, Year 1800, Year 1900, and Year 2000 for
broad analysis purposes. These analyses will be added to
this page from time to time.
| All benchmark populations are rounded to the nearest
50. Estimated populations of less than 25 are considered zero.
Population of unrecognized tribes or bands have been difficult to
discern and are not always included in the analyses.