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Dakelh

 

 

Ethnie: DAKELH (CARRIER)
Dialects Carrier and Babine
Language: Carrier-Chilcotin
Family: Canadian Athapaskan
Stock: Nuclear Na-Dene
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Rocky Mountian Western Plateau
Speakers ?    
Aboriginal Locations: Divisions (# of Villages)
BC      Southern (7), Northern (16), Babines (8)
Present Locations
BC Burns Lake Band
  Cheslatta Carrier Nation, Burns Lake
  Lake Babine Nation, Burns Lake
  Lheidli T’enneh Nation, Prince George
  Nadleh Whuten Indian Band, Fort Fraser
  Nak'azdli Indian Band, Ft. St. James
  Nazko Indian Band, Quesnel
  Nee-Tahi-Buhn, Burns Lake
  Stellat'en First Nation, Fraser Lake
  Stoney Creek Indian Band, Vabderhoof
  Takla Lake First Nation, Takla landing via Ft. St. James
  Tl'azt'en Nation, Ft. St. James
  Ulkatcho Indian Band, Anahim Lake
  Wet’suwet’en First Nation, Moricetown
  Yekooche First Nation, Ft. St. James
Year History
1793 Alexander Mackenzie became the first white man to travel through Carrier and Sekani territories while looking for fur-trading areas for the North West Company
1805 Simon Fraser began to establish four trading posts in Carrier and Sekani territories with Fort McLeod in Sekani territory
1806 Simon Fraser built Fort St. James in Carrier territory
1807 Simon Fraser built Fort George and Fort Fraser and built built an 83 mile road from Ft. St. James to Ft. McLeod, the first colonial developed road in the territories
1811 D. William Harmon became the first recorded farmer west of the Rocky Mountains, in the Fort St. James area
1843 Missionary work began by Fr. Demers
1848 Measles epidemic
1862 Smallpox epidemic
1884 The Potlatch was outlawed
1885 The arrival of Father A.G. Morice created the Carrier syllabary
1899 Treaty 8 recognized some rights in northeastern British Columbia
1906 Barricade Treaty with the Babine Nation required salmon fishermen to abandon traditional weir systems and use gillnets instead, in exchange for largely unfulfilled promises
1909 The first sternwheeler steamboat landed at South Fort George and the first sawmill was built in South Fort George
1914 Grand Trunk Pacific Railway was completed from Prince George to the mouth of the Skeena River. The "last spike" was driven between Ft. Fraser and Vanderhoof
1918 Spanish Flu epidemic
1951 Potlatch ban repealed
1952 Kenny Dam stopped the Nechako River, Cheslatta territories were flooded and the entire nation was relocatedm water systems and chinook and sockeye runs were degraded throughout the Carrier territories
Year BC Population   Source
1700 6,000   NAHDB calculation
1780 5,000   Mooney estimate
1800 4,500   NAHDB calculation
1806 3,600   Harmon, Morice estimate
1839 2,625   Swanton
1889 1,600   Morice estimate
1900 1,600   NAHDB calculation
1902 1,551   CDIA
1909 1,614   CDIA
1929 2,145   CDIA
1939 2,359   CDIA
1944 2,443   CDIA
1963 3,897   Duff
1970 4,736   CDIA
1978 5,765   CDIA
2000 11,000   NAHDB calculation
2005 12,250   Indian Life Online
Other speakers of the same language:
Chilcotin
Carrier Tribe Sites:
Babine  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Babine
Babine Language  http://www.native-languages.org/babine.htm
Babine Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=bcr
Babine Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=bcr
Because of Gold  http://www.quesnelmuseum.ca/SearchGold.asp
Burns Lake  http://www.bellsalaska.com/burnslake.html
Burns Lake Native Development Corporation  http://www.blndc.ca/
Carrier  http://www.ontalink.com/native_americans/carrier.html
Carrier Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t137
Carrier Bibliography  http://www.ydli.org/biblios/ccultbib.htm
Carrier Chilcotin Tribal Council  http://www.carrierchilcotin.org/
Carrier(Dakelh) Language  http://www.native-languages.org/carrier.htm
Carrier Indians of Canada  http://www.canadiangenealogy.net/indians/carrier_indians.htm
Carrier Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=crx
Carrier Language  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carrier_language
Carrier Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=crx
Carrier Sekani Tribal Council  http://cstc.bc.ca/
Carrier Syllabary  http://www.omniglot.com/writing/carrier.htm
Dakelh  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dakelh
Dakelh  http://www.answers.com/topic/dakelh
Dakelh Art  http://www.invitationproject.ca/cgi-win/quilt.exe?LISTING=1030
Dakelh Bands, Communities, and Tribal Councils  http://www.ydli.org/cultinfo/bands.htm
Dakelh Carrier Portal Websites  http://www.firstnationsseeker.ca/Carrier.html
Dakelh Language  http://www.ydli.org/linginfo.htm
Dakelh Language  http://www.languagegeek.com/dene/dakelh/dakelh.html
Dam Failure at Pinchi Lake  http://www.nwttgroup.com/nakazdli.html
Fort Fraser Attractions  http://www.sd91.bc.ca/fraser/attract.html
Fort Fraser History  http://www.sd91.bc.ca/fraser/history.html
Fort George  http://www.elkpointhistory.ab.ca/Steve/Early%20History/fort_george.htm
Fort George National Historic Site  http://www.pc.gc.ca/lhn-nhs/on/fortgeorge/edu/edu2a_e.asp
Fort George (Shelly) No. 2  http://broadband.gc.ca/demographic_servlet/community_demographics/7029
Fraser Basin Council  http://www.fraserbasin.bc.ca/regions/ufr.html
Kluskus  http://sdiprod2.inac.gc.ca/FNProfiles/FNProfiles_BandOfficials.asp?BAND_NUMBER=721&BAND_NAME=Kluskus&ES=CUS&Q=3
Kluskus No.1 BC  http://broadband.gc.ca/demographic_servlet/6903
Lake Babine Nation  http://educationcanada.com/browse.phtml?sid=bc&eid=1116&a=mep&lang=eng
Lake Babine Nation  http://www.educationcanada.com/browse.phtml?sid=bc&eid=1116&a=eip&lang=eng
Lheidli T'enneh Agreement-In-Principle  http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/nr/prs/m-a2003/02354bk_e.html
Nak'azdli  http://www.ydli.org/dakinfo/utnanot.htm
Nak'azdli  http://esd2.inac.gc.ca/FNProfiles/FNProfiles_Details.asp?Band_Number=614
Nak'azdli First Nation  http://www.nakazdli.ca/
Nak'azdli (Necoslie 1) BC  http://www.broadband.gc.ca/demographic_servlet/community_demographics/7207
Nazko History  http://www.nazkocommunity.sd28.bc.ca/history.html
Nazko Valley  http://www.britishcolumbia.com/regions/towns/?townID=4090
Nechako  http://www.nechakolearningladder.com/
Nee-Tahi-Buhn  http://esd2.inac.gc.ca/FNProfiles/FNProfiles_DETAILS.asp?BAND_NUMBER=726
Prince George  http://www.barkerville.com/maps/prgeorge.html
Quesnel  http://www.barkerville.com/maps/quesnel.html
Quesnel History  http://www.city.quesnel.bc.ca/Community/history.asp
Rocky Mountain Plateau Civilizations  http://www.ucalgary.ca/applied_history/tutor/firstnations/plateau1.html
Smithers  http://www.tourismsmithers.com/html/about.htm
Smithers History and Heritage   http://www.town.smithers.bc.ca/visitors/history.htm
Stellaquo (Stella) No. 1 BC  http://broadband.gc.ca/demographic_servlet/community_demographics/6999
Stellat'en First Nation  http://sdiprod2.inac.gc.ca/FNProfiles/FNProfiles_DetailsRE.asp?RESERVE_NUMBER=07527
Takla Lake First Nation  http://educationcanada.com/browse.phtml?sid=fn&eid=908&a=eip&lang=eng
Tl'azt'en Nation  http://www.tlc.baremetal.com/
Tl'azt'en Nation  http://www.sd91.bc.ca/ejess/Community%20Information/Tl'azt'en.htm
Wet’suwet’en  http://www.wetsuweten.com/welcome/
Yekooche First Nation  http://www.yekoochenativeart.com/yekoochehistory.htm

Last updated 10/08/07  Copyright © 2007 by Four Directions Press