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Cathlamet

 

 

Ethnie: CATHLAMET
Language: Upper Chinookan
Family: Chinookan
Stock: Chinookan
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 69 1996 All tribes
     The Cathlamet were sedentary, relied heavily on fishing, and were avid traders including the trading of slaves.  They were on both sides of the Columbia River below the Dalles.  Chinookan Jargon was the lingua franca (trade language) of the region.  They suffered enormously from the White influx even though they had good relations with the early White traders.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
OR (3)
WA (2)
Oregon Present Locations
Extinct as a culture, possibly joined Yakima or Quinault
Year History
1792 Visited by Robert Gray and John Boit, and later by Capt. George Vancouverr
1805 Visited by Lewis and Clark who wintered at Fort Clatsop near present Astoria
1811 Astoria founded; David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1824 Smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic (combined with earlier epidemic reduced population 80%)
1830 Malaria epidemic
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers, conflicts began
1847 Measles epidemic
Year U.S. Population OR WA Source
1700 500 300 200 NAHDB calculation
1780 450 Mooney estimate
1800 300 200 100 NAHDB calculation
1806 300 Lewis and Clark
1849 58 Lane
1900 0 0 0 NAHDB calculation (Had confederated into other tribes)
2000 0 0 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Upper Chinookans
Cathlamet Tribes Sites:
Buried Treasure:  Archeologists ... http://www.tdn.com/articles/2004/12/11/area_news/news03.txt
Cathlamet  http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/record_tribes_088_14_1.html
Chinook  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/northamerica/chinook.html
Chinook  http://www.chenowith.k12.or.us/tech/subject/social/natam_or/chinook.html
Chinook Artifacts Found  http://data2.itc.nps.gov/digest/headline.cfm?type=Announcements&id=3117&urlarea=npsnews
Chinook Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t143
Chinook Book  http://chinookjargon.home.att.net/phillips.htm
Chinook Dictionary, Catechism, Prayers, and Hymns  http://www.canadiana.org/ECO/mtq?doc=04222
Chinook Indian  http://www.chinookindian.com/
Chinook Indian Hat  http://lewisandclarktrail.com/indianhat.htm
Chinook Indian History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/chinook/chinookhistory.htm
Chinook Indian Jargon  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/chinook/chinookindianhist.htm
Chinook Indians  http://www.pbs.org/lewisandclark/native/chi.html
Chinook Indians  http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/record_tribes_083_14_3.html
Chinook Jargon  http://www.ydli.org/bcother/chinook.htm
Chinook Jargon  http://www.1st-hand-history.org/Hibben/album1.html
Chinook Jargon  http://www.fortlangley.ca/Chinook%20Jargon/time.html
Chinook Jargon and How to Use It  http://chinookjargon.home.att.net/shaw.htm
Chinook Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=chh
Chinook Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=CHH
Chinook Literature  http://www.indians.org/welker/chinook.htm
Chinook Literature  http://www.indigenouspeople.net/chinook.htm
Chinook Nation  http://chinooknation.org/
Chinook Native Americans  http://www.mcps.k12.md.us/schools/travilahes/stwork03/writing/Chinook.pdf
Chinook People  http://www.angelfire.com/realm/shades/nativeamericans/chinook.htm
Chinook Rudiments  http://chinookjargon.home.att.net/ljcr24.htm
Chinook Texts  http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/nw/chinook/
Chinook Tribe  Student Project  http://kancrn.kckps.k12.ks.us/huyck/chinook.htm
Chinook Tribe  Student Project  http://www.beavton.k12.or.us/jacob_wismer/leahy/2003/native_american_posters/chinook.htm
Chinook Tribes  http://logos.uoregon.edu/explore/oregon/chtribes.html
Chinook Wawa Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=CRW
Dictionary of Chinook Jargon  http://chinookjargon.home.att.net/gibbs.htm
Dictionary of Chinook Jargon  http://www.canadiana.org/ECO/mtq?doc=14272
Kathlamet Indian Language  http://www.native-languages.org/kathlamet.htm
Legend of the Chinook Indians  http://www.hprcc.unl.edu/nebraska/stuproj/ametf99/wenzl/chinook.html
Legends of Vancouver  http://www.robirda.com/chinooktalk.html
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial  http://www.astoria-usa.com/lewis-clark.html
Lewis and Clark Bicentennial Mural  http://www.washington.edu/burkemuseum/lewisclark/painting.html
Lewis and Clark:  Chinook on the Columbia  http://www.washingtonhistory.org/wshm/lewisandclark/chinook-drawings.htm
Northwest:  Chinookan Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_chinookan_culture.htm
Once Dying Chinook Language ...  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues04/Co06192004/CO_06192004_Chinook_Language.htm
Potlatch of the Northwest Coast  http://www.santarosa.edu/museum/potlatch.htm
Tenas Wawa - Chinook Jargon  http://www.wrvmuseum.org/journal/journal_0702.htm
Upper Chinookan  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=WAC

Last updated 10/01/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press