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Cayuse

 

 

Ethnie: CAYUSE (TE--TAW-KEN)
Language: Cayuse
Family: Cayuse
Stock: Cayuse
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern Plateau
Speakers 0
     The Cayuse obtained horses early and were a semi-sedenatry hunter/gatherer tribe.  They were located in Oregon, with their range to the head of the Wallawalla, Umatilla, and Grande Ronde Rivers.
     They were first friendly to the White settlers, but later started what became the Cayuse War over blame for measles.  Some later confederated into the Nez Perce, though most settled on the Umatilla Reservation.
Aboriginal Locations
OR with no subdivisions
Oregon Present Locations
ID   Nez Perce Reservation, Lapwai
OR  Umatilla Reservation, Pendleton
Year History
1780 Molala with tribe, soon fissioned
1811 David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1838 Mission established by Marcus Whitman near present Whitman
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1847 Measles epidemic, Cayuse murdered Whitman (believed him to be the cause of the epidemic) and destroyed his mission; Cayuse War began.
1851 Partially merged with Nez Perce
1855 Involved in Yakima War, joined in the treaty which created the Umatilla Reservation
1878 Involved in Bannock War
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 500 NAHDB calculation
1780 500
1800 500 NAHDB calculation
1900 400 NAHDB calculation
1904 404 Officially reported
1910 298 Census
1923 337 US Indian Office
1989 350 NAHDB estimate using BIA data
2000 400 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Cayuse Sites:
Cayuse  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/northamerica/cayuse.html
Cayuse  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cayuse
Cayuse Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t140
Cayuse and Lewis and Clack  http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/record_tribes_061_13_20.html
Cayuse and Other ...  http://www.nps.gov/whmi/newsite/cayuse.htm
Cayuse History  http://logos.uoregon.edu/explore/oregon/chistory.html
Cayuse Indian History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/waiilatpuan/cayuseindianhist.htm
Cayuse Indian Language  http://www.native-languages.org/cayuse.htm
Cayuse Indian Pony  http://www.ansi.okstate.edu/breeds/horses/cayuseindian/
Cayuse Indian War  http://bluebook.state.or.us/cultural/history/history11.htm
Cayuse Indian War  http://gesswhoto.com/cayuse8.html
Cayuse Indian War  http://gesswhoto.com/cayuse.html
Cayuse Indian Woman Eat No Meat  http://boundless.uoregon.edu/cgi-bin/viewer.exe?CISOROOT=/Moorhouse-wk&CISOPTR=114&CISORESTMP=&CISOVIEWTMP=
Cayuse Woman on Horse  http://www.imageenvision.com/photo/0003-0702-2115-5434.html
Confederated Tribes of the Umatilla Indian Reservation  http://www.umatilla.nsn.us/history.html
Fourteen Die in Whitman Massacre ...  http://www.historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5192
Historic Cayuse Photos  http://www.nps.gov/whmi/history/moor.htm
Indian Council in the Valley of the Walla Walla, Lawrence Kip, 1855  http://www.ccrh.org/comm/river/treaties/kipp.htm
Kamiakin and the Yakima Indian War of 1855  http://members.aol.com/Gibson0817/ywar.htm
Northeastern Oregon Natives ...  http://www.chenowith.k12.or.us/tech/subject/social/natam_or/northeast.html
Northwest Plateau Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_plateau_culture.htm
Oregon Trail  http://linnhistory.peak.org/1853/1853immore.html
Sovereignty in Tribal Government  http://www.trailtribes.org/umatilla/sovereignty-and-tribal-government.htm
Tamastslikt Cultural Institute  http://www.tamastslikt.com/press.asp?id=38
Turtle Island Storyteller Rosa Yearout  http://turtleislandstorytellers.net/tis_idaho/transcript_r_yearout.htm
Two Cayuse Indian Girls  http://boundless.uoregon.edu/cgi-bin/viewer.exe?CISOROOT=/Moorhouse-wk&CISOPTR=114&CISORESTMP=&CISOVIEWTMP=
Two Cayuse Women  http://boundless.uoregon.edu/cgi-bin/viewer.exe?CISOROOT=/Moorhouse-wk&CISOPTR=133&CISORESTMP=&CISOVIEWTMP=
Whitman Massacre  http://www.oregonpioneers.com/whitman1.htm
Whitman Mission Captures History  http://archive.tri-cityherald.com/travel/stories/backyard/whitman.html
Whitman, Narcissa and Marcus  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h317.html
Wright, Harrison, emigrant 1844  http://www.co.linn.or.us/Sheriff/Home/LCSOhome1.history.SheriffBio.wheeler.htm
Young Cayuse Woman Anna Coyote   http://boundless.uoregon.edu/cgi-bin/viewer.exe?CISOROOT=/Moorhouse-wk&CISOPTR=107&CISORESTMP=&CISOVIEWTMP=
Young-chief Bronze   http://americanart.si.edu/t2go/1lw/index-noframe.html?/t2go/1lw/1985.76.5.html

Last updated 10/02/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press