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Chakchiuma

 

 

Ethnie: CHAKCHIUMA
Language Group: Choctaw
Family: Choctaw
Stock: Western Muskhogean
Phylum: Macro-Algonquian
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None among Chakchiuma
      The Chakchiuma were a sedentary hunter/farmer nation. The Houma tribe apparently fissioned from this tribe some time prior to White contact.  The Chakchiuma were devastated by the French, but later allied with them before being absorbed by the Chickasaw and Choctaw.
Aboriginal Locations (# of Villages)
MS (?)
Present Locations
Fused into Choctaw and Chickasaw
Year History
1540 Village attacked by De Soto at the behest of Chickasaw, found village to be abandoned and on fire
1690   Tonti attacked by three Chakchiuma
1700 English induced Quapaw to attack Chakchiuma to obtain slaves
1704 Killed a missionary and, as a consequence, attacked by French, tribe reduced to one fifth its formed size
1729 Assisted French against Natchez
1733 Most had joined the Chickasaw, others had joined the Choctaw
Year Total Population LA MS Source
1650 1,200 Mooney estimate
1699 Iberville
1700 NAHDB calculation
1718 LaHarpe estimate
1739 French officer estimate
1758 Swanton estimate
1784 Swanton estimate
1800 NAHDB calculation
1803 Swanton estimate
1900 NAHDB calculation 
1910 Census
1920 Census
1930 US Indian Office
1994 Tribal roles
2000 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Acolapissa, Bayougoula, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Houma, Mobile, Napochi, Okelusa, Pascagoula, Pensacola, Tohome
Chakchiuma Sites:
Chakchiuma Indian History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/chickasaw/chakchiumahist.htm
Choctaw Language  http://www.louisianafolklife.org/LT/Virtual_Books/Keeping_It/creole_book_keep_choc.html
Choctaw Language  http://www.native-languages.org/choctaw.htm
Choctaw Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_language.asp?code=CCT
Choctaw Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_language.asp?code=CCT
Houma  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Houma_Tribe
Pawns of the French and English  http://www.backyardnature.net/loess/ind_fr&e.htm

Last updated 10/02/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press