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Chemehuevi

 

Ethnie: CHEMEHUEVI
Language: Southern Numic
Family: Numic
Stock: Uto-Aztecan
Phylum: Aztec-Tanoan
Macro-Culture: Colorado River
Speakers 1,984   Entire language 
The Chemehuevi were  hunter/farmer and hunter/gatherer tribes who ranged over the eastern half of the Mojave Desert to points on the Colorado River. Linguistically, they are closely related to the Southern Paiute. They were friends with the Takic peoples of southern California to the west. They suffered in conflicts with the River Yuman tribes and Whites. Some western bands absorbed into the Southern California macro-culture prior to White arrival.  Ultimately, many individuals absorbed into other cultures.  
Aboriginal Locations
Hokwaits, Kauyaichits, Mokwats, Moviats, Palonies, Shivawach, Tümpisagavatsits, Yagats (also had 3 geographical divisions, Northern, Southern, and Desert)
Present Locations
CHEMEHUEVI RESERVATION, Havasu Lake, CA
Year History
1776 Met by Garcés
1867 War with Mojave, fought well though out numbered, fled to desert
1898 Possible year of smallpox epidemic
Year Population Source
1700 1000 NAHDB calculation
1770 1550 Kroeber estimate (incl. Koso, Kawaiisu)
1800 900 NAHDB calculation
1873 800 US Indian Office
1900 400 NAHDB calculation
1910 300 Kroeber estimate
1973 36 BIA
1989 123 BIA
2000 150 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Kawaiisu, Southern Paiute, Ute
Chemehuevi Links
Carolbeth Tucker Laird   http://www.cas.usf.edu/anthropology/women/laird/laird.htm
Carolbeth Tucker Laird  http://www.library.csi.cuny.edu/dept/history/lavender/389/perry.html
Chemehuevi (Representations at this link questionable) http://www.astronomy.pomona.edu/archeo/Other%20student%20web%20sites/barstowglyphs/TheTribes.html#TheChemehuevi
Chemehuevi  http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/jotr/history5.htm
Chemehuevi Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t11
Chemehuevi Baskets  http://www.indianterritory.com/pages/chemehuevi.htm
Chemehuevi Basketry and Pottery  http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/displayPhoto.pl?path=/award/iencurt/ct15&topImages=ct15052r.jpg&topLinks=ct15052v.jpg&m856s=$fct15052&displayProfile=1
The Chemehuevi Indians of Southern California  (Excellent historical/cultural site)  http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Oracle/2351/cheme.html
Chemehuevi Granary  http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/displayPhoto.pl?path=/award/iencurt/ct15&topImages=ct15051r.jpg&topLinks=ct15051v.jpg&m856s=$fct15051&displayProfile=1
Chemehuevi Gourd Rattle  http://www.nmai.si.edu/exhibitions/all_roads_are_good/GourdRattle.htm
Chemehuevi - Havasu Magazine  http://havasumagazine.com/tribejune1999.htm
Chemehuevi House on the Colorado River  http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/displayPhoto.pl?path=/award/iencurt/ct15&topImages=ct15050r.jpg&topLinks=ct15050v.jpg&m856s=$fct15050&displayProfile=1
Chemehuevi Indian Boy  http://www.old-picture.com/indians/Chemehuevi-Indian-Boy.htm
Chemehuevi Indian History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/shoshoni/chemehuevihist.htm
Chemehuevi Indian Language  http://www.native-languages.org/chemehuevi.htm
Chemehuevi Indian Tribe  http://www.chemehuevi.net/
Chemehuevi Indian Lexicon  http://linguistlist.org/emeld/workshop/2004/nelson-paper.html
Chemehuevi Modern Home  http://www.old-picture.com/indians/Chemehuevi-Modern-Home.htm
Chemehuevi Photos  http://curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/volumeindex/volume15.html  *
Chemehuevi Reservation   http://www.csusm.edu/bbiggs/loc/rezinfo/chemehuevi/
Chemehuevi Tribe  http://chemehuevi.net/index.html
Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/colorado_river_culture.htm
  http://www2.census.gov/geo/maps/blk2000/AIANHH/AIR_Federal/0585_Chemehuevi/CBN0585_002.pdf
Flag of the Colorado River Indians    http://members.aol.com/Donh523/navapage/crit.htm
Granite Mountains Archeological Survey  http://www.pcas.org/Vol37N2/GraniteMts.pdf
A Land of Plenty  http://www.nps.gov/jotr/culture/indians/indians.html
Mojave Desert  http://mojavedesert.net/chemehuevi-indians/
Mojave National Preserve  http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1007/humans.html
Mojave National Preserve  http://www.viamagazine.com/top_stories/articles/mojave97.asp
Native Americans of the Mojave Desert:  Chemehuevi  http://mojavedesert.net/chemehuevi-indians/
Online Chemehuevi Dictionary  http://linguistics.byu.edu/faculty/elzingad/chemehuevi_dictionary/
Paiute and Chemehuevi  http://southwest.library.arizona.edu/hav7/body.1_div.18.html
Primitive Chemehuevi Dwelling  http://memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/displayPhoto.pl?path=/award/iencurt/ct15&topImages=ct15049r.jpg&topLinks=ct15049v.jpg&m856s=$fct15049&displayProfile=1
Revival a Way to Connect With the Land  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues01/Co11032001/CO_11032001_Revival.htm
Southern Paiute and (Chemehuevi) Orientation  http://everyculture.com/North-America/Southern-Paiute-and-Chemehuevi-Orientation.html
Sugar and Salt    http://www.abotech.com/Articles/Campbell01.htm
Ute-Chemehuevi Group - SFSU Narrative  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/ute.html
Ute-Southern Paiute Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=UTE
Ute-Southern Paiute Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=UTE
Vanyume  http://www.avim.parks.ca.gov/people/ph_vanyume.shtml
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Last updated 06/26/07   Copyright © 2007 by Four Directions Press