FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Chilula

 

Ethnie: CHILULA
Language: Hupan
Family: Pacific Coast Athapaskan
Stock: Athapaskan
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwest California
Speakers None      
The Chilula were a sedentary hunter/gatherer tribe located just inland along Redwood Creek. They were closely related to and allied with the Hupa and Whilcut. They lost their territories as a result of the gold rush and many were later massacred by the Lassik. The few survivors absorbed into the Hupa and other cultures.
Aboriginal Locations
18 villages
Present Locations
CHILULA TRIBE, Eureka
A few confederated into the Hupa
Year History
1850 Territories encroached during gold rush, volunteer military companies forced them to relocate to Hoopa Valley and Fort Bragg; Fort Bragg group attempted to steal home and were massacred by the Lassik
Year Population Source
1700 500 NAHDB calculation
1770 500 Kroeber estimate
1800 500 NAHDB calculation
1900 50 NAHDB calculation
1910 0 Census
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Hupa, Whilcut
Chilula Sites
California Athabaskan Home Page  http://www.billabbie.com/calath/
California's Native People:  Northwest Region  http://www.cabrillo.edu/~crsmith/anth6_nwcoast.html
Chilula  http://impearls.blogspot.com/2005/11/hic-82-chilula.html
Chilula Bibliography  http://shanana.berkeley.edu/cilc/bibs/chilula.html
Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_california-oregon_culture.htm
Hupa  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/hupa.html
Hupa Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=HUP
Hupa Language  http://www.native-languages.org/hupa.htm
Hupa Language - Books, Papers, Videos  http://www.dcn.davis.ca.us/~ammon/danny/Hupa/books.html
Hupa Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=HUP
Return of Indian Island  http://www.northcoastjournal.com/070104/cover0701.html
Settlers Decimated Small Chilula Tribe http://www.triplicate.com/news/story.cfm?story_no=3387
Tolowa, Yurok, Hupa, Chilula Map http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/national_parks/redwood_tribes97.pdf
The Yurok and Hupa of the Northern Coast  http://www4.hmc.edu:8001/humanities/indian/ca/ch10.htm
Last Updated 10/12/07   Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press