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Chipewyan

 

 

Ethnie: CHIPEWYAN
Dialect: Chipewyan
Language: Hare-Chipewyan
Family: Athapaskan
Stock: Nuclear Na-Dene
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Rocky Mountains
Speakers 4,000     (1995 M. Krausse)  
Aboriginal Location
AB
Present Locations
AB Cold Lake First Nation, Cold Lake
  Fort Chipewyan Indian Band, Fort Chipewyan
  Fort McKay First Nation, Fort McMurray
  Fort McMurray First Nation Band, Fort McMurray
  Janvier Indian Band, Chard
MB Barren Lands First Nation, Brocket
  Northlands Indian Band, Lac Brochet
  Sayisi Dene First Nation Band, Lynn Lake
NT Fort Resolution Band, Fort Resolution
  Lutsel K'e Dene Band (formerly Snowdrift Band), Snowdrift
SK Buffalo River Dene First Nation, Dillon
  English River First Nation, Putuanak
  Fond Du Lac Indian Band, Fon Du Lac
  Turnor Lake Indian Band, Turnor Lake
Year History
1670 Hudson Bay Company chartered
1697 The Cree, having guns received from traders, drove the Chipewyan north and east of their aboriginal territories
1700 Chipewyan became middlemen beween traders and tribes to the south
1715 Churchill and 150 Cree visited to make peace and begin trade
1717 Churchill post established
1718 Chipewyan were living on Peace River, but after Cree obtained guns and drove Slaveys tribe from Slave River, the Chipewyan drove off Cree and stayed on Slave River
1730 Approximate date Alberta Indians acquired horses and guns
1769 Visited by Hearne
1784 Smallpox epidemic killed 90% of Chipewyans
1795 Edmonton House was built on the Upper Saskatchewan River
1798 Fort Chipewyan was relocated to its present site on the northwest shore of Lake Atabasca
1804 David Thompson visited Fort Chipewyan to tie in his map of the Great North West
1805 Simon Fraser visited Fort Chipewyan on his way to the Pacific Ocean
1841 Reverand James Evans, a Methodist, was the first missionary to visit Fort Chipewyan
1847 Father Alexander Tache, o.m.i., was the First Roman Catholic missionary to vist Fort Chipewyan, on his second visit in 1848 he chose the site for the Catholic mission
1858 Catholic mission established by Fr. Henry Farraud
1881 Smallpox epidemic
1887 The Great Famine
1897 Indian Treaty No. 8 was signed by Alexander Laviolette for the Chipewyan
1920 Spanish Flu killed many people in Fort Chipewyan, mass graves were dug where the Hudson's Bay Store now stands.
1948 Measles epidemic
Year . Population AB MB NT SK   Source
1670 3,500           Mooney estimate
1700 3,500 3,500         NAHDB calculation
1800 3,500 900 400 400 1,300   NAHDB calculation
1900 2,500 700 400 400 1,000   NAHDB calculation
1923 2,420           Official
1970 5,362           CDIA
2000 8,000 3,000 1,500 1,000 2,500   NAHDB calculation
2005 8,358           Indian Life Online
Other speakers of the same language:
Hare, Dogrib, Mountain, Slavey, Yellowknife
Chipewyan Tribe Sites:
Athabaska Chipewyan First Ntion  http://www.atc97.org/acfn.html
Barren Lands First Nation  http://pse2-esd2.ainc-inac.gc.ca/FNProfiles/FNProfiles_DETAILS.asp?BAND_NUMBER=308
Battle on a Frozen Lake  http://www.nnsl.com/demo/members/newspapers/stories/columns/nov6_06blondin.html
Bearclaw Jewelry  http://www.bearclawjewelry.com/AffiliateLogos.shtml
Buffalo River Dene First Nation  http://www.sicc.sk.ca/bands/bbuffa.html
Buffalo River Dene Nation  http://www.mltc.net/buffalo%20river.htm
Chipewyan  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/northamerica/chipewyan.html
Chipewyan  http://www.curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/chipewyan.html
Chipewyan Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t144
Chipewyan Band  http://www.atns.net.au/biogs/A001794b.htm
Chipewyan/Dene Language  http://www.native-languages.org/chipewyin.htm
Chipewyan Language  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chipewyan_language
Chipewyan Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=chp
Chipewyan Language  http://www.languagegeek.com/dene/denesulhine/denesulhine.html
Chipewyan Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=chp
Chipewyan Nation  http://www.albertasource.ca/treaty8/eng/Peoples_and_Places/Profiles_of_the_Treaty_Makers/Bands_and_Nations/chipewyan_bands.html
Chipewyan Prairie First Nation  http://www.educationcanada.com/browse.phtml?sid=fn&eid=1013&a=mep&lang=eng&r=
Chipewyan Prairie First Nation  http://www.chipewyan.com/culture.html
Chipewyan Prairie First Nation  http://www.ainc-inac.ca/pe-cp/cpf_e.html
Chippewa and Chipewyan Indians of Canada  http://www.canadiangenealogy.net/indians/chipewyan_indians.htm
Churchill Indian Reserve No. 1 http://broadband.gc.ca/demographic_servlet/community_demographics/9002
Cold Lake Indian Reserve #149  http://albertafirst.com/profiles/statspack/21128.html
Dene Suline/Soline Literature  http://www.bearclawjewelry.com/AffiliateLogos.shtml
Detah  http://www.stats.gov.nt.ca/Infrastructure/Comm%20Sheets/Detah.html
English River First Nation  http://www.educationcanada.com/browse.phtml?sid=sk&eid=139&a=mep&lang=eng&r=
English River First Nation http://www.mltc.net/english%20river.htm
Etheneldeli Indian Tribe History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/canada/etheneldeliindianhist.htm
Fort Chipewyan  http://www.nwtandy.rcsigs.ca/stations/chipewyan.htm
Fort Chipewyan  http://www.lascruces.com/~swede/peace/ftchip.html
Fort Chipewyan - Historical Timeline  http://internet.cybermesa.com/~swede/peace/ftchip.html
Fort McKay First Nation  http://www.atc97.org/ftmckayfn.html
Fort McKay No. 174 AB  http://broadband.gc.ca/demographic_servlet/community_demographics/6523
Fort McMurray #468 First Nation  http://www.atc97.org/ftmcmurrayfn.html
Fort McMurray First Nation Sign  http://www.worldofstock.com/closeups/MES1469.php
Francois Beaulieu  http://www.peace.mb.ca/00.Native/nlrnz11.htm
Fur Trade  http://canoesaskatchewan.rkc.ca/arch/furtrade.htm
History of the Denesuliné (Dene) in Northern Saskatchewan  http://scaa.usask.ca/gallery/northern/content?pg=ex04-2
Human History of Far North Saskatchewan  http://canoesaskatchewan.rkc.ca/arch/archhist.htm
Hunting and Trapping in Northern Saskatchewan  http://www.jkcc.com/trapping.html
Justice to Churchill Dene-Chipewyan Band of Manitoba-July6,1989 http://www.afn.ca/resolutions/1989/aca/res15.htm
Knife and Hatchet  http://www.inquiry.net/outdoor/skills/seton/knife_hatchet.htm
Lac la Biche Mission  http://cnc.virtuelle.ca/laclabiche/tech_print.html
Legend of the Big Bird  http://www.indigenouspeople.net/bigbird.htm
Lutsel K'e  http://ca.epodunk.com/profiles/northwest-territories/lutsel-ke/2005722.html
Lutsel K'e Dene Band  http://www.atns.net.au/biogs/A001409b.htm
Mayor Says Pilot the Best  http://www.sicc.sk.ca/saskindian/a74jan06.htm
North Wind Dreaming  http://www.albertasource.ca/treaty8/eng/Peoples_and_Places/Northwind_Dreaming/default.htm
Peace River History  http://internet.cybermesa.com/~swede/peace/history.html
Peoples of Fort Chipewyan  http://www.albertasource.ca/treaty8/eng/Peoples_and_Places/Northwind_Dreaming/northwind_1.html
Sayisi Dene First Nation and Northlands Dene First Nation  http://www.afn.ca/resolutions/1998/nat-treaty-con/res3.htm
Smith's Landing First Nation Chronology  http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/nr/prs/m-a2000/00129bk_e.html
Traditional Tribes of Great Slave  http://www.greatcanadianlakes.com/northwest/slave/cul_page2.htm
Tragic Events at Frog Lake and Fort Pitt During the North West Rebellion   http://www.mhs.mb.ca/docs/pageant/17/tragicevents2.shtml
Use of Computers in Isolated Communities  http://www.spiritwatch.ca/HighTechVision.htm

Last updated 10/12/07  Copyright © 2007 by Four Directions Press