FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Coahuiltecan Tribes

 

 

Ethnie: COAHUILTECAN TRIBES
Language: Coahuiltecan
Family Coahuiltecan
Stock: Coahuiltecan
Phylum: Coahuiltecan (Hokan-Coahuiltecan [?])
Macro-Culture: Texas
Speakers Langauge extinct
      The Coahuiltecan language group were poor semi-sedentary and nomadic hunter/gatherers who occupied most of Texas south and west of San Antonio and much of northeastern Mexico.  They were a bellicose culture substantially involved in intra- and intertribal conflicts.  Though many of the bands relied heavily on buffalo for subsistence, many likewise relied on cannibalism.  Conflicts within the Coahuiltecan ethnie, disease, famine, and wars with other tribes and cultures were primary factors contributing to their extinction.  Missionization contributed greatly to the introduction of diseases.
Aboriginal Locations (Tribes)
MX  Not included in this analysis
TX   (Aguastaya, Alchome, Anathagua, Andacamino, Annas, Anathagua, Apatin, Apaysi, Apion, Archahomo, Atanaguaypacam, Baguam, Borrado, Cacalote, Cabia, Cacaxtle, Cachopostal, Caicache, Camai, Cappelone, Casas Chiquitas, Catujano, Cenizo, Chaguane, Chaguantapam, Chapamaco [?], Chayopin, Chome, Cimataguo, Clancluiguyguen, Cocomas, Cocomeioje, Comecrudo, Concugayapem, Cotoname, Cuero Quemado, Ervipiame, Gincape, Guisole, Haeser, Hape, Heniocan, Hiabu, Hume, Juama, Juanca, Juncal, Junced, Macocoma, Monos Coloradas, Manos de Perros, Manos Prietas, Morbana, Muruam, Napuap, Necpacha, Nigco, Ocana, Odoedmade, Orancho, Orejone, Paachiqui, Pachal, Pachalaque, Pachaque, Pacpul, Pacuache, Paguan, Pajalat, Pajarito, Paymaya, Papanac, Parantone, Parchaque, Pasnacan, Pastaloca, Pastia, Patacal, Pataguo, Patalca, Patzau, Pausane, Pausay, Payaya, Payaguan, Peana [?], Piedras Blanco, Piguique [?], Pinanaca, Piniquu, Pinto, Pitahay, Pomulum, Postito, Prieto, Psaupsauo, Pucham, Pulacuam, Pulcha, Quems, Quepano, Sacuache, Salapaque, Salina, Sama, Samampac, Sampanal, Sanipao, Semoco, Segujulapem, Sepenpacam, Siaguan, Siansi, Sijame, Sinicu, Siquipil, Suahuache, Tacame, Taimammar, Tamcan, Tamique, Teaname, Tecahuiste, Tejon, Tecachuache, Tepachuache, Tepemaca, Terocodame, Tetecore, Tilijae, Tilpacopal, Tinapihuaya, Tiopane [?], Tugumlepem, Tusane, Tusonid, Unpuncliegut, Uscapem, Vanca, Vende Flechas, Xarame, Xeripam, Ymic, Yorica, Ysubupue, Yue', Zorquan [?]
Present Locations
Extinct as a culture though remnants remain in Texas and Mexico
Year History
1528 Encountered by Cabeza de Vaca who was shipwrecked off Gulf Coast (treasurer of Narvaez expedition), remained eight years in territory, observed ecto- and endo-cannibalism among tribe
1570 Nuevo Leon founded
1655 One hundred of culture killed by Spanish
1675 Territories invaded by Fernando de Bosque
1677  Franciscan mission established by Fr. Laeios, later along Rio Grande and near San Antonio, great numbers of ethnie gathered in missions resulting in disease and attacks from other tribes
1689 Territories traversed by de Leon
1690 Territories traversed by Manzanet
1700 San Francisco Solano established on Rio Grande
1718 Mission established at San Antonio, later called Alamo
1790 Smallpox epidemic
1816 Smallpox epidemic
1886 Gatschet found remnants of two or three tribes south of Rio Grande
Year Total TX Population Source
1690 15,000 Mooney est.
1700 15,000 NAHDB calculation
1800 5,000 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Coahuiltecan Sites:
1650 A.D. to Present  http://www.neisd.net/redland/roarch/historic.htm
Cabaza de Vaca Accounts  http://www.texasbeyondhistory.net/cabeza-cooking/index.html
Coahuiltecan Culture  http://www.bjgeiger.com/texas/history/indians/coahuiltecans.html
Coahuiltecan Family  http://www.nanations.com/linguistic/coahuiltecan_family.htm
Coahuiltecan Indians  http://www.tsha.utexas.edu/handbook/online/articles/CC/bmcah.html
Coahuiltecan Indians  http://library.thinkquest.org/2832/indians/thecoah.htm
Coahuiltecan Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/texas/coahuiltecanindianhist.htm
Coahuiltecan Language  http://home.nps.gov/applications/parks/saan/ppdocuments/san%20juan%20cultural%20study2.htm
Coahuiltecan Tribe  http://viking.coe.uh.edu/~mroy/edwards/page10.htm
Indian Tribes of Texas  http://www.rra.dst.tx.us/c_t/indians/default.cfm
Louisiana and Texas Trails  http://www.floridahistory.com/texas.html
Padre Island  http://www.nps.gov/pais/historyculture/natives.htm
Prehistoric Eating Habits in Texas  http://www.orthopathy.net/nativetexans.html
Native Americans of Padre Island  http://www.nps.gov/pais/myweb2/natives.htm
Texas Beyond History  http://www.texasbeyondhistory.net/abouttbh/index.html
Texas Coahuiltecan Indians  http://www.texasindians.com/coah.htm
Texas Mission Indians  http://texasmissionindians.org/

Last updated 10/22/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press