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Coeur d'Alene

 

 

Ethnie: COEUR D'ALENE (SCHITSU'UMSH, SKITSWISH)
Language: Coeur d'Alene
Family: Southern Interior Salish
Stock: Interior Salishan
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest Plateau
Speakers 5 or fewer    1999 McDonald
     The Coeur d'Alene were hunter/gatherer tribes or the Northwestern Plateau.  They were located on the headwaters of the Spokane River above Spokane Falls including Coeur d'Alene Lake and the Clearwater.  They were missionized by Catholics before experiencing conflicts with White settlers.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions)
ID (28), WA (5)
Oregon Present Locations
ID Coeur d'Alene Reservation, Plummer, some confederated into the Colville in WA
Year History
1781 Smallpox epidemic
1805 Lewis and Clark passed through territory, aided by Nez Perce
1809 David Thompson established Kullyspell House trading post on Lake Pend d'Orielle
1810 David Thompson established Spokane House
1811 David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed; Jesuit Fr. Nicolas Point, companion of Fr. de Smet, established Sacred Heart (now de Smet) mission among tribe
1842 Tribe visited by Fr. de Smet
1873 Reservation established by Executive Order 
1909 Lost 80% of reservation due to Homestead Act
1911 Dam built at Spokane Falls destroyed primary fishery
Year U.S. Population ID WA Source
1700 5,000 4,000 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1780 1,000 Mooney estimate
1800 700 500 200 NAHDB calculation
1900 500 500 NAHDB calculation (OR, ID absorbed by others)
1904 494 US Indian Office
1937 608 US Indian Office
1973 557 BIA
1981 822 BIA
1989 1,100 BIA estimate
2000 1,600 NAHDB calculation
2003 1.650 Tribe
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Coeur d'Alene Sites:
About the Coeur d'Alene Indians  http://www.anglerguide.com/articles/18c.html
Alexie, Sherman, Biography  http://www.fallsapart.com/biography.html
Coeur d'Alene  http://www.isc.idaho.gov/coeurdal.htm
Coeur d'Alene Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t20
Coeur d'Alene Casino  http://www.cdacasino.com/
Coeur d'Alene Indians  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/04093a.htm
Coeur d'Alene Indian Teepee  http://gocalifornia.about.com/bl_idctmphoto_tepe.htm
Coeur d'Alene Julyamsh Pow Wow  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FXnCnIs7f70
Coeur d'Alene Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=CRD
Coeur d'Alene Language  http://www.ling.unt.edu/~montler/Coeurd'Alene/
Coeur d'Alene Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_lang_family.asp?code=CRD
Coeur d'Alene Profile  http://www.ccrh.org/comm/river/profile/couer.htm
Coeur d'Alene (Schitsu'umsh)  http://content.lib.washington.edu/aipnw/frey.html#oto
Coeur d'Alene (Schitsu'Umsh)  http://www.native-languages.org/coeur.htm
Coeur d'Alenes Have People with Vision  http://www.uidaho.edu/idahonatives/cad/index.html
Coeur d'Alene Tribal History  http://www.rootsweb.com/~idreserv/cdhist.html
Coeur d'Alene Tribal School  http://www.tribalschool.org/
Coeur d'Alene Tribe  http://www.cdatribe-nsn.gov/
Coeur d'Alene Tribe  http://www.cdatribe.com/air.shtml
Coeur d'Alene Tribe  http://www.idahoptv.org/outdoors/shows/nations/coeurdalene.html
Coeur d'Alene Vocabulary  http://www.native-languages.org/coeur_words.htm
Cordage People - Coeur d'Alene Tribe  http://imnh.isu.edu/Public/JustForKids/CordageDiscoveryBox/SubMenu_3/content_1E_Coeurd'Alene_temp.htm
... Establishing Coeur d'Alene and Fort Hall Reservations  http://www.ccrh.org/comm/river/treaties/cdt.htm
Hearth of the Awl:  People of the Panhandle Rivers  http://imnh.isu.edu/Public/JustForKids/CordageDiscoveryBox/SubMenu_3/index_3E_Courd'Alene_temp.htm
Matheson, Dave, and Red Thunder  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues02/Co12142002/CO_12142002_Dave_Matheson.htm
Northwest Plateau Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_plateau_culture.htm
Oregon Trail  http://linnhistory.peak.org/1853/1853immore.html
Schitsu'umsh:  Coeur d'Alene Indians  http://www.l3-lewisandclark.com/Sites/ShowOneSite.asp?SiteID=50
"Smoke Signals"  http://www.columbia.edu/~lnp3/mydocs/culture/Smoke_Signals.htm

Last updated 10/22/07 Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press