FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Colville

 

 

Ethnie: CONFEDERATED TRIBES OF COLVILLE RESERVATION
Member tribes
Tribe Language Language Phylum
Coeur d'Alene Coeur d'Alene Salishan
Columbia Columbia-Wenatchi Salishan
Colville Okanogan Salishan
Kalispel Kalispel-Pend d'Orielle Salishan
Lake Kalispel-Pend d'Orielle Salishan
Methow Columbia-Wenatchi Salishan
Nez Perce Nex Perce Penutian
Okanogan Okanogan Salishan
Sanpoil Okanogan Salishan
Spokane Spokane Salishan
     The Colville were a semi-sedentary hunter/gatherer tribe of the Northwestern Plateau.  The lived along the east side of the Columbia River from Fort Okanogan to Point Eaton.  They traded with the first Whites to arrive, but ultimately had conflicts with the suffered from the later settlers. 
     They briefly lived on the Columbia Reservation before they were joined by several tribes other own reservation where they were joined by the above other tribes.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions)
BC, ID, MT, OR, WA
Oregon Present Locations
WA  Colville Reservation, Nespelem
Year History
1781 Smallpox epidemic
1809 David Thompson established Kullyspell House trading post on Lake Pend d'Orielle
1810 David Thompson established Spokane House
1811 David Thompson explored the length of the Columbia River
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1853 Smallpox epidemic
1855 Major Heller and 100 men routed in battle by a joint force of Yakimas, Columbians, Wanapams, Wallawallas, Palousas, and Spokanes ... "Toppenish Fight"
1858 Hostilities between Col. Steptoe and Coeur d'Alene, Spokane, and Palouse tribes
1872 Colville Reservation established by Executive Order of President Grant, Lake Chelan Earthquake
1883 Treaty with Chief Moses, tribe removed to Colville Reserrvation
1885 Chief Joseph and Nez Perce remove to Colville Reservation
1903 Colville Indian Agent Major Albert M. Anderson is removed from office after the disclosure of several financial misdeeds, including, among other things, forging names on an annuity payment and then keeping the money
1938 Federal government approved the Confederated Tribes of the Colville Reservationís Constitution and By-Laws
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 3,000 NAHDB calculation
1800 2,500 NAHDB calculation
1900 2,000 NAHDB calculation (Tribes had confederated into Colville) 
1905 1,645 US Indian Office
1989 3,880 BIA
2000 8,000 NAHDB calculation
2005 8,700 Tribal enrollment
Colville Sites:
Camas Institute  http://www.camasinstitute.com/
Changing Columbia Basin  http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/anth481/sal/crintro1.htm
Chief Moses ...  http://www.ghosttownsusa.com/bttales23.htm
Coeur d'Alene Tribal History  http://www.rootsweb.com/~idreserv/cdhist.html
Columbia Treaty with Chief Moses  http://www.ccrh.org/comm/river/treaties/moses.htm
Columbia-Wenatchi Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=COL
Columbia-Wenatchi Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=COL
Colville Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t22
Colville Confederated Tribes Flag  http://users.aol.com/donh523/navapage/colville.htm
Colville Confederated Tribes, Historical Overview  http://www.anamp.org/nescp_curriculum/colvilleoverview.html
Colville Indian Reservation Chronology  http://www.wsulibs.wsu.edu/holland/masc/xaverytime.html
Colville Indian Tribes  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1547.html
Colville Tribe License Plates  http://www.worldlicenceplates.com/usa/AI_WACO.html
Colville Tribal Tribune  http://tribune.colvilletribes.com/
Colville Tribes  http://www.colvilletribes.com/
Cultures Clash:  The Land Grab  http://www.ccrh.org/comm/moses/cultures1.html
Ethnobotany of Middle Columbia Native Americans  http://www.cwnp.org/ethnobot2.html
Kalispel Indians  http://www.angelfire.com/id/newpubs/kalispel.html
Lake Chelan and Wapato Point History  http://www.wapatopoint.com/history.html
Lake Chelan Earthquake of 1872  http://www.pnsn.org/HIST_CAT/1872/Weston/washington/lkchelan2.html
Lake Indians  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/08751a.htm
Moses Lake Columbia-Sinkiuse  http://www.ccrh.org/comm/moses/inhab1.html
Nez Perce Indian History  http://www.rootsweb.com/~idreserv/nphist.html
Northwest Plateau Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_plateau_culture.htm
Okanagan/Colville Language  http://www.ydli.org/langs/okanagan.htm
Okanagan Indian Language  http://www.native-languages.org/okanagan.htm
Oregon Trail  http://linnhistory.peak.org/1853/1853immore.html
Sinkiuse Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/salish/sinkiusehits.htm
Splawn, Andrew J. ,,,  http://pw1.netcom.com/~carpentg/aj.html
Spokane Indian Tribe  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1570.html

Last updated 10/28/07  Copyright © 2007 by Four Directions Press