FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Coos

 

 

Ethnie: COOS
Language: Coosan  (Dialects: Hanis, Miluk)
Family: Coast Oregon
Stock: Oregon Penutian
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 1 or 2 1962 Chafe
     The Coosan peoples were sedentary coastal hunter/gatherer tribes located at Coos River and Bay in south coastal Oregon.  They confederated with the Suislaw and Lower Umpqua after the Rogue River Wars.  They were not involved in the war themselves.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
OR  Hanis (2), Miluk (2)
Oregon Present Locations
Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua, and Suislaw Indians, Coos Bay  http://www.ctclusi.org/
Year History
1792 Visited by the American ship Columbia, traded, native described as numerous and savage
1805 Visited by Lewis and Clark
1824 Smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic, combined 80% population loss
1830 Malaria epidemic
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1850 Influx of prospectors and settlers
1855 Coos, Lower Umqua, and Suislaw confederated
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 2,000 NAHDB calculation
1780 2,000 Mooney estimate
1800 1,500 NAHDB calculation
1806 1,500 Lewis and Clark
1900 0 NAHDB calculation (Had confederated into other tribes)
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Coos Sites:
Confederated Tribes of Coos, Lower Umpqua, and Suislaw Indians  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confederated_Tribes_of_Coos,_Lower_Umpqua_and_Siuslaw_Indians
Confederated Tribes of the Coos, Lower Umpqua, and Suislaw Indians  http://216.128.13.185/CTCLUSINEW/
Coos  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/northamerica/coos.html
Coos  http://logos.uoregon.edu/explore/oregon/coos.html
Coos and Alsea Materials  http://www.pnsn.org/HIST_CAT/STORIES/DRAFT2/coos.html
Coos Chiefs  http://depts.washington.edu/uweek/archives/2001.11.NOV_01/_Photos.html
Coos County Indian Education  http://www.harborside.com/~indianed/
Coos Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=COS
Coos Language  http://www.native-languages.org/coos.htm
Coos Linguistic Lineage http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_lang_family.asp?code=COS
Coos, Lower Umpqua, and Suislaw Indians  http://www.ohwy.com/or/c/cootribe.htm
Coos, Lower Umpqua, and Siuslaw Indians  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1541.html
Coos, Lower Umpqua, and Siuslaw Indians  http://www.tribalresourcecenter.org/ccfolder/coos_umpqua_siuslaw_tribalcode_7_1.htm
Coos, Lower Umpqua, and Suislaw Restoration Act  http://www.theorator.com/bills108/s868.html
Coos Texts  http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/nw/coos/ct02.htm
Crow and the Thunberbird  http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/nw/coos/ct05.htm
Indian Education Summer Camp  http://www.harborside.com/~indianed/camp2003.htm
Indian Settlement on Coos Bay  http://www.oregon.gov/DSL/SSNERR/docs/EFS/EFS41indsettlement.pdf
Northwest: Oregon Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_california-oregon_culture.htm
Mill Casino  http://www.themillcasino.com/
Remembering the Rhinoceros  http://www.olaweb.org/quarterly/quar1-2/macnaughtan.shtml
Suislaw  http://logos.uoregon.edu/explore/oregon/siuslaw.html

Last updated 10/29/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press