FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Cowlitz

 

 

Ethnie: COWLITZ
Language: Cowlitz
Family: Inland Tsamosan
Stock: Tsamosan
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 2? All elderly
   The Cowlitz were a sedentary coastal hunter/gatherers and relied heavily on fishing.  The tribe lived along the lower and middle course of the Cowlitz River in southwest Washington.  They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
WA  (2)
Present Locations
WA  Chehalis Reservation, Oakville
         Puyallup Reservation, Puyallup
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1788 Visited by Mears
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1805 Visited by Lewis and Clark
1811 Astoria founded
1824 Visited by John Worth from an inland route, smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic
1830 Malaria and flu epidemic
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1864 Treaty, assigned to reservation
1877 Joined by Kwaiilk
Year  Population Source
1700 300 NAHDB calculation 
1800 250 NAHDB calculation
1877 127 Official
1900 150 NAHDB calculation
1910 105 Census
2000 1,400 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Cowlitz Sites:
Atchison, Candy, Cowlitz Artist  http://www.msstate.edu/Fineart_Online/Gallery/Trophies/atch.htm
Cowlitz Baskets  http://www.indianbaskets.com/baskrnd.html
Cowlitz Casino Resort  http://www.cowlitzcasino.com/
Cowlitz Indian Tribe  http://www.cowlitz.org/
Cowlitz Language  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cowlitz_language
Cowlitz Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=COW
Cowlitz Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=COW
Cowlitz Recognition  http://www.indiancountry.com/content.cfm?id=1010180057
Cowlitz Recognition  http://www.doi.gov/news/020103.html
Cowlitz Tribe  http://www.cwis.org/cowlitz.html
Cowlitz Tribe  http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1553.html
Lower Cowlitz Language  http://www.native-languages.org/cowlitz.htm
Mt. St. Helens Native American Tribal Folklore  http://www.mtsthelens.net/MtStHelensNet/Native.html
Northwest Coast Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_coastal_culture.htm
Turtle Island Storyteller Christina Dupres  http://www.turtleislandstorytellers.net/tis_washington/transcript_c_dupres.htm

Last updated 10/31/07 Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press