Ethnie: CUPEÑO
Language: Southern Takic
Family: Takic
Stock: Uto-Aztecan
Phylum: Aztec-Tanoan
Macro-Culture: Southern California
Speakers 9      1990 Census
     The Takic peoples arrived in southern California about 2,500 years ago. All were peaceful hunter/gatherer mountain and desert cultures. The Cupeño delineation was a result of the Spanish missionization which separated the tribe from the so called Cahuilla and Luiseño. They lived in the mountainous area about the headwaters of the San Luis Rey River but were evicted from their aboriginal territories in 1903.
Aboriginal Locations
2 villages
Present Locations
Year History
1810 Asistencias built near tribal territory
1821 Most of tribe indentured to Mexican feudal barons
1850 Revolt against property taxes at Cupeño village involving Cahuilla, Yuma, Cocopa
1863 Smallpox epidemic
1903 Cupeño evicted from Cupa to Pala
Year Population Source
1700 750 NAHDB calculation
1770 750 Bean estimate
1800 750 NAHDB calculation
1890 224 Bean estimate
1900 200 NAHDB calculation
1910 150 Census
1973 150 Persons claiming descent
2000 200 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Cahuilla, Juaneño, Luiseño
Cupeño Sites
Cultural Traditions Revived in Poetry
Culture and Ethnobotany
Cupa Cultural Center
Cupeno Female
Cupeno Indian Language
Cupeno Language
Cupeno Language Family Tree
The Cupeno People of Lost Valley
Cupeno - SFSU Narrative
A Cupeno Woman:  Curtis Collection
Curtis Collection
Historic Sites - Cupa
History and the Atmosphere
Indian Fiesta:  Old Town San Diego
Indian Students Learning to Lead Their Reservations
Pala Band of Mission Indians
Pala Casino
Pala Reservation
San Diego History Timeline
Study of Ancient Local Languages Seeing Revival in North County
Tribal Government Relations
Watch Your Language
Zia by Scott O'Dell (Teacher Guide)
Last updated 08/03/07   Copyright © 2007 by Four Directions Press