FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Cupeño

 

Ethnie: CUPEÑO
Language: Southern Takic
Family: Takic
Stock: Uto-Aztecan
Phylum: Aztec-Tanoan
Macro-Culture: Southern California
Speakers 9      1990 Census
     The Takic peoples arrived in southern California about 2,500 years ago. All were peaceful hunter/gatherer mountain and desert cultures. The Cupeño delineation was a result of the Spanish missionization which separated the tribe from the so called Cahuilla and Luiseño. They lived in the mountainous area about the headwaters of the San Luis Rey River but were evicted from their aboriginal territories in 1903.
Aboriginal Locations
2 villages
Present Locations
LOS COYOTES RESERVATION, Warner Springs
PALA RESERVATION, Pala
Year History
1810 Asistencias built near tribal territory
1821 Most of tribe indentured to Mexican feudal barons
1850 Revolt against property taxes at Cupeño village involving Cahuilla, Yuma, Cocopa
1863 Smallpox epidemic
1903 Cupeño evicted from Cupa to Pala
Year Population Source
1700 750 NAHDB calculation
1770 750 Bean estimate
1800 750 NAHDB calculation
1890 224 Bean estimate
1900 200 NAHDB calculation
1910 150 Census
1973 150 Persons claiming descent
2000 200 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Cahuilla, Juaneño, Luiseño
Cupeño Sites
Cultural Traditions Revived in Poetry  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues02/Co01262002/CO_01262002_Poetry.htm
Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/southern_california_culture.htm
Cupa Cultural Center  http://www.orangebook.com/vc/cultural.php3
Cupeno Female  http://www.firstpeople.us/photos/A_Cupeno_female_type.html
Cupeno Indian Language  http://www.native-languages.org/cupeno.htm
Cupeno Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=CUP
Cupeno Language Family Tree  http://www.ethnologue.org/14/show_family.asp?subid=1898
The Cupeno People of Lost Valley  http://www.happybeagle.com/lv-online/history/cupeno.html
Cupeno - SFSU Narrative  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/luiseno.html
A Cupeno Woman:  Curtis Collection  http://www.edwardscurtis.com/cgi-bin/user/kirkrudy/gallery/gallery.cgi?&select=PortfolioID&ID=15&PlateID=510
Curtis Collection  http://curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/portfolio%20index/portfolio15.html
Historic Sites - Cupa    http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/5views/5views1h17.htm
History and the Atmosphere  http://www.skysailing.com/pages/essay.htm
Indian Fiesta:  Old Town San Diego  http://www.americanchronicle.com/articles/viewArticle.asp?articleID=4428
Indian Students Learning to Lead Their Reservations  http://www.nctimes.com/articles/2005/07/23/news/inland/23_08_057_22_05.txt
Pala Band of Mission Indians    http://www.palatribe.com/
Pala Casino  http://www.palacasino.com/
Pala Reservation  http://www.csusm.edu/bbiggs/loc/rezinfo/pala/index.htm
San Diego History Timeline  http://www.sandiegohistory.org/timeline/timeline.htm
Study of Ancient Local Languages Seeing Revival in North County  http://nctimes.com/articles/2004/07/25/special_reports/science_technology/19_48_107_24_04.txt
Tribal Government Relations  http://www.smartvoter.org/2002/11/05/ca/state/vote/ducheny_d/paper3.html
Watch Your Language  http://currentissue.telephonyonline.com/ar/telecom_talk_broadband_economy_19/
Zia by Scott O'Dell (Teacher Guide)  http://www.sdcoe.k12.ca.us/score/ZIA/ziatg.html
Last updated 08/03/07   Copyright © 2007 by Four Directions Press