FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Dakota

 

 

Ethnie: DAKOTA
Dialect: Dakota
Language: Dakota
Family: Central Mississippi Valley Siouan 
Stock: Siouan Proper
Phylum: Siouan
Macro-Culture: Great Plains
      The Sioux were a language group and culture.  Prehistorically, they were apparently a component of the Indian Knoll Culture of the south, removing from that area about 1000 B.C.  They became sedentary hunter/farmers along the Mississippi in southern Minnesota and northwestern Wisconsin.  Ultimately, all of the Lakota and some of the Dakota and Nakota were driven out onto the Great Plains by the Chippewa where they became nomadic hunter/gatherers.  This created an eastern woodlands division of the tribe and a prairie division, with the greater part of the population in the latter.
      The Dakota were, for the most part, bellicose and had many enemies, particularly on the plains where they lived in a constant state of war. 
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions)
Minnesota and Wisconsin
Present Locations
MB    Birdtail Sioux (Dakota), Beulah
          Dakota Plains (Dakota), Edwin
          Dakota Tipi (Dakota), Portage La Prairie
          Oak Lake Sioux (Dakota), Pipestone
          Sioux Valley (Dakota), Griswald
MN    Lower Sioux Reservation (Dakota), Morton
          Prairie Island Reservation (Dakota), Welch
          Shakopee Mdewakanton Dakota Reservation (Dakota), Prior Lake
          Spirit Lake Reservation (Dakota), Fort Totten
          Upper Sioux Reservation (Dakota), Granite Falls
NE      Santee Reservation (Dakota, Nakota), Niobara
SK      Moosewoods (Dakota), Saskatoon
           Standing Buffalo (Dakota), Fort Qu' Appelle
           Wahpeton (Dakota), Prince Albert
           Wood Mountain (Dakota), Wood Mountain
SD      Flandreau Reservation (Dakota), Flandreau
           Sisseton Reservation (Dakota), Sisseton
           Yankton Reservation (Dakota), Wagner
Year History
1640 First mentioned in the Jesuit Relation
1798 War with Menominee
1801 Smallpox epidemic
1804 Met by Lewis and Clark
1862 Eastern bands under Little Crow (Santee Uprising) killed 700 settlers, 100 soldiers; soon forced west
1867 Smallpox epidemic
1877 Sitting Bull fled U.S. and settled at Wood Mountain
1881 Sitting returned to U. S. and surendered
Year Total Pop. MB MN ND NE SD SK WI WY Source
Arrival 5,000 5,000
1700 5,000 5,000 NAHDB calculation
1800 4,000 NAHDB calculation
1900 6,100 500 500 100 2,000 500  500 2,000 NAHDB calculation 
1904 5,590 Census U. S.
2000 12,200 2,000  5,500  500 2,000  1,000  1,200 NAHDB calculation
2004 16,619 2,541 6,722 2,000 2,500 1,399 1,457 Various
Dakota Sites:
Birdtail Sioux First Nation  http://www.dotc.mb.ca/default.aspx?ID=5
Birdtail Sioux Indian Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/manitoba/pro_mb2.php
Catlin Sioux Paintings  http://catlinclassroom.si.edu/catlin_browsepagetribe.cfm?StartRow=201
Dakota Conflict Trials  http://www.law.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/dakota/Dak_account.html
Dakota Exile  http://www.ktca.org/dakota/
Dakota History and Culture  http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Acropolis/5579/dakota.html
Dakota/Lakota Singing  http://drumhop.com/
Dakota Language  http://www.alliance2k.org/daklang/dakota9463.htm
Dakota Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=DHG
Dakota Plains Indian Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/manitoba/pro_mb9.php
Dakota Plains Wahpeton Nation  http://www.dotc.mb.ca/default.aspx?ID=7
Dakotas  http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/places/states/dakotas/dk_standing.htm
Dakota Tipi Casino  http://www.lcssinc.com/bigmike/dakotahtipi.html
Dakota Tipi Indian Band  http://broadband.gc.ca/demographic_servlet/community_demographics/6237
Decline and Fall of the Sioux Nation  http://home.tiac.net/~cri/1998/sioux.html
DLN Nation  http://www.dlncoalition.org/dln_nation/
Flandreau Santee Sioux - History/Culture  http://www.fsst.org/veterans.htm
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe  http://www.fsst.org/
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe  http://www.sdtribalrelations.com/santee.asp
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe  http://www.travelsd.com/history/sioux/santee.asp
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe Community Profile  http://www.mnisose.org/profiles/flandrea.htm
Fort Totten History  http://www.lib.ndsu.nodak.edu/govdocs/text/forttotten.html
Ghost Dance, Mooney's Illustrations  http://php.indiana.edu/~tkavanag/visualb.html
Great Sioux Nation  http://www.blackhillsbadlands.com/go.asp?ID=102
Great Sioux Nation  http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/sioux/
Great Sioux Nation  http://tradecorridor.com/rosebud/nation.htm
Indian Boyhood  http://etext.lib.virginia.edu/toc/modeng/public/EasIndi.html
Lakota, Nakota, Dakota  http://www.hanksville.org/daniel/lakota/Lakota.html
Lakota ns Dakota Wowapi Oti Kin  http://puffin.creighton.edu/lakota/
Minnesota Dakota  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/maps/mn/mndakotahist.html
Moose Woods, First Woman Chief Elected  http://www.sicc.sk.ca/saskindian/a80feb07.htm
Moose Woods Indian Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/sask/pro_sk34.php
Oak Lake First Nation Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/manitoba/pro_mb36.php
Pheasant Rump First Nation  http://cap.ic.gc.ca/sk/pheasantrumpnakota/
Pheasant Rump Nakota Indian Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/sask/pro_sk50.php
Prairie Island Dakota (Sioux) Reservation  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/maps/mn/prairie.htm
Prairie Island Mdewakanton Dakota Indian Community History  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/maps/mn/prairie.htm
Prairie Island Indian Community  http://www.prairieisland.org/
Santee Sioux History  http://santeeweb.esu1.org/siouxhis/santee_history%7F%7F%7F.htm
Santee Sioux History  http://www.thenicc.edu/SanteeSiouxTribeHistory.htm
Santee Sioux Tribe of Nebraska  http://www.santeedakota.org/
Santee Sioux Tribe of Nebraska Community Profile  http://www.mnisose.org/profiles/santee.htm
Santee Sioux Tribe of Nebraska Overview  http://www.aaanativearts.com/article314.html
Shakopee Mdewakanton Dakota (Sioux) Reservation  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/maps/mn/shakopee.htm
Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux (Dakota) Community  http://www.ccsmdc.org/
Shakopee Sioux Indian Reserevation  http://www.oakhills.edu/cim/shakopee.html
Sioux  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/northamerica/sioux.html
Sioux Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t96
Sioux Elders Hold Peaceful Takeover of Tribal Council Building  http://www.ouachitalk.com/takeover.htm
Sioux History  http://www.lakhota.com/stories/story.history.htm
Sioux Indian Archery  http://www.student.utwente.nl/~sagi/artikel/native/
Sioux Indian Art  http://www.siouxindianart.com/
Sioux Indian Bibliography  http://www.usd.edu/library/subject/siouxweb.htm
Sioux Indian Museum  http://www.journeymuseum.org/english/thecollections/sioux/
Sioux Indian Museum  http://www.doi.gov/iacb/museums/museum_sioux.html
Sioux Indians  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/14017a.htm
Sioux Language  http://www.omniglot.com/writing/sioux.htm
Sioux Literature  http://www.dickshovel.com/hill.html
Sioux Nation - Lakota, Dakota, Nakota  http://www.montana.edu/wwwfpcc/tribes/
Sioux Tribe  http://www.usa-people-search.com/content-the-great-sioux-nation.aspx
Sioux Valley Dakota Nation ...  http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/nr/prs/j-a2001/2-01110_e.html
Sioux Valley Dakota Nation  http://www.dotc.mb.ca/default.aspx?ID=10
Sioux Valley First Nation Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/manitoba/pro_mb50.php
Sisseton-Wahpeton Culture and History  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues01/Co05192001/CO_05192001_Sisseton.htm
Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe  http://www.travelsd.com/history/sioux/sisseton.asp
Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe  http://www.fema.gov/regions/viii/tribal/sissetonwahpetonbg.shtm
Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe  http://www.dickshovel.com/hill.html
Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe Community Tribe  http://www.mnisose.org/profiles/sisseton.htm
Sitting Bull  http://www.mysteriesofcanada.com/Saskatchewan/sitting_bull.htm
Sitting Bull  http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/people/s_z/sittingbull.htm
Sitting Bull and Buffalo Bill  http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/resources/archives/seven/w67i_bullcody.htm
Sitting Bull and the Great Sioux Nation  http://www.historychannel.com/cgi-bin/frameit.cgi?p=http%3A//www.historychannel.com/classroom/guides/sbull.html
Sitting Bull and the Mounties  http://www.thehistorynet.com/we/blsittingbullandthemounties/index2.html
Sitting Bull History  http://collections.ic.gc.ca/beaupre/promme92.htm
South Dakota Indian Tribes  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/maps/dakotas/sd.html
Spirit Lake Nation  http://www.spiritlakenation.com/
Spirit Lake Tribe Community Profile  http://www.mnisose.org/profiles/splake.htm
Spirit Lake Tribe of North Dakota  http://www.fema.gov/regions/viii/tribal/spiritlakebg.shtm
Standing Buffalo  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/history/mncultures/standingbuffalo.html
Standing Buffalo Indian Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/sask/pro_sk58.php
Standing Buffalo First Nation  http://cap.ic.gc.ca/sk/standingbuffalo/
Standing Buffalo:  Medicine Lodge Woman  http://www.pbs.org/circleofstories/storytellers/rosella_archdale.html
Standing Buffalo:  Painting  http://quappelle.mendel.ca/pictures/viewer$82
Teton Dakota Children's Games  http://puffin.creighton.edu/lakota/publications/dorsey/games_of_teton_dakota_children.htm
Teton Dakota Sioux  http://www.nebraskastudies.org/0300/frameset_reset.html?http://www.nebraskastudies.org/0300/stories/0301_0108.html
Teton Sioux - Lewis and Clark  http://www.pbs.org/lewisandclark/native/tet.html
Treaties  http://puffin.creighton.edu/lakota/index_treaties.html
Unkpapa Sioux Portraits  http://gallery.unl.edu/picinfo/2274.html
Upper Sioux Dakota Reservation  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/maps/mn/uppersio.htm
Wahpeton Indian Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/sask/pro_sk64.php
Wakpa Sica Reconciliation Place  http://www.wakpasica.org/index.html
Wood Mountain Indian Band  http://www.gospelcom.net/ilm/reserves/sask/pro_sk68.php
Wood Mountain Reserve Profile  http://www.sicc.sk.ca/saskindian/a76nov15.htm
Yankton Agency  http://www.sdhistory.org/arc/iap/arc_iap36.htm
Yankton Sioux Tribe  http://travelsd.com/history/sioux/yankton.asp
Yankton Sioux Tribe  http://www.travelsd.com/history/sioux/yankton.asp
Yankton Sioux Tribe Community Profile  http://www.mnisose.org/profiles/yankton.htm
Yankton Sioux Tribe - Lewis and Clark  http://www.nationalgeographic.com/lewisandclark/record_tribes_019_2_8.html
Yankton, Yanktonai, Assiniboin  http://www.nmnh.si.edu/anthro/repatriation/hairrep.htm

Last updated 04/01/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press