Ethnie: DAKOTA
Dialect: Dakota
Language: Dakota
Family: Central Mississippi Valley Siouan 
Stock: Siouan Proper
Phylum: Siouan
Macro-Culture: Great Plains
      The Sioux were a language group and culture.  Prehistorically, they were apparently a component of the Indian Knoll Culture of the south, removing from that area about 1000 B.C.  They became sedentary hunter/farmers along the Mississippi in southern Minnesota and northwestern Wisconsin.  Ultimately, all of the Lakota and some of the Dakota and Nakota were driven out onto the Great Plains by the Chippewa where they became nomadic hunter/gatherers.  This created an eastern woodlands division of the tribe and a prairie division, with the greater part of the population in the latter.
      The Dakota were, for the most part, bellicose and had many enemies, particularly on the plains where they lived in a constant state of war. 
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions)
Minnesota and Wisconsin
Present Locations
MB    Birdtail Sioux (Dakota), Beulah
          Dakota Plains (Dakota), Edwin
          Dakota Tipi (Dakota), Portage La Prairie
          Oak Lake Sioux (Dakota), Pipestone
          Sioux Valley (Dakota), Griswald
MN    Lower Sioux Reservation (Dakota), Morton
          Prairie Island Reservation (Dakota), Welch
          Shakopee Mdewakanton Dakota Reservation (Dakota), Prior Lake
          Spirit Lake Reservation (Dakota), Fort Totten
          Upper Sioux Reservation (Dakota), Granite Falls
NE      Santee Reservation (Dakota, Nakota), Niobara
SK      Moosewoods (Dakota), Saskatoon
           Standing Buffalo (Dakota), Fort Qu' Appelle
           Wahpeton (Dakota), Prince Albert
           Wood Mountain (Dakota), Wood Mountain
SD      Flandreau Reservation (Dakota), Flandreau
           Sisseton Reservation (Dakota), Sisseton
           Yankton Reservation (Dakota), Wagner
Year History
1640 First mentioned in the Jesuit Relation
1798 War with Menominee
1801 Smallpox epidemic
1804 Met by Lewis and Clark
1862 Eastern bands under Little Crow (Santee Uprising) killed 700 settlers, 100 soldiers; soon forced west
1867 Smallpox epidemic
1877 Sitting Bull fled U.S. and settled at Wood Mountain
1881 Sitting returned to U. S. and surendered
Year Total Pop. MB MN ND NE SD SK WI WY Source
Arrival 5,000 5,000
1700 5,000 5,000 NAHDB calculation
1800 4,000 NAHDB calculation
1900 6,100 500 500 100 2,000 500  500 2,000 NAHDB calculation 
1904 5,590 Census U. S.
2000 12,200 2,000  5,500  500 2,000  1,000  1,200 NAHDB calculation
2004 16,619 2,541 6,722 2,000 2,500 1,399 1,457 Various
Dakota Sites:
Birdtail Sioux First Nation
Birdtail Sioux Indian Band
Catlin Sioux Paintings
Dakota Conflict Trials
Dakota Exile
Dakota History and Culture
Dakota/Lakota Singing
Dakota Language
Dakota Linguistic Lineage
Dakota Plains Indian Band
Dakota Plains Wahpeton Nation
Dakota Tipi Casino
Dakota Tipi Indian Band
Decline and Fall of the Sioux Nation
DLN Nation
Flandreau Santee Sioux - History/Culture
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe
Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe Community Profile
Fort Totten History
Ghost Dance, Mooney's Illustrations
Great Sioux Nation
Great Sioux Nation
Great Sioux Nation
Indian Boyhood
Lakota, Nakota, Dakota
Lakota ns Dakota Wowapi Oti Kin
Minnesota Dakota
Moose Woods, First Woman Chief Elected
Moose Woods Indian Band
Oak Lake First Nation Band
Pheasant Rump First Nation
Pheasant Rump Nakota Indian Band
Prairie Island Dakota (Sioux) Reservation
Prairie Island Mdewakanton Dakota Indian Community History
Prairie Island Indian Community
Santee Sioux History
Santee Sioux History
Santee Sioux Tribe of Nebraska
Santee Sioux Tribe of Nebraska Community Profile
Santee Sioux Tribe of Nebraska Overview
Shakopee Mdewakanton Dakota (Sioux) Reservation
Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux (Dakota) Community
Shakopee Sioux Indian Reserevation
Sioux Authors
Sioux Elders Hold Peaceful Takeover of Tribal Council Building
Sioux History
Sioux Indian Archery
Sioux Indian Art
Sioux Indian Bibliography
Sioux Indian Museum
Sioux Indian Museum
Sioux Indians
Sioux Language
Sioux Literature
Sioux Nation - Lakota, Dakota, Nakota
Sioux Tribe
Sioux Valley Dakota Nation ...
Sioux Valley Dakota Nation
Sioux Valley First Nation Band
Sisseton-Wahpeton Culture and History
Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe
Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe
Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe
Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe Community Tribe
Sitting Bull
Sitting Bull
Sitting Bull and Buffalo Bill
Sitting Bull and the Great Sioux Nation
Sitting Bull and the Mounties
Sitting Bull History
South Dakota Indian Tribes
Spirit Lake Nation
Spirit Lake Tribe Community Profile
Spirit Lake Tribe of North Dakota
Standing Buffalo
Standing Buffalo Indian Band
Standing Buffalo First Nation
Standing Buffalo:  Medicine Lodge Woman
Standing Buffalo:  Painting$82
Teton Dakota Children's Games
Teton Dakota Sioux
Teton Sioux - Lewis and Clark
Unkpapa Sioux Portraits
Upper Sioux Dakota Reservation
Wahpeton Indian Band
Wakpa Sica Reconciliation Place
Wood Mountain Indian Band
Wood Mountain Reserve Profile
Yankton Agency
Yankton Sioux Tribe
Yankton Sioux Tribe
Yankton Sioux Tribe Community Profile
Yankton Sioux Tribe - Lewis and Clark
Yankton, Yanktonai, Assiniboin

Last updated 04/01/05  Copyright 2005 by Four Directions Press