Language: Lushootseed
Family: Twana
Stock: Central Salish
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 60   1990 M. D. Kincade (total language)
   The Duwamish were a sedentary coastal hunter/gatherers and relied heavily on fishing.  The tribe lived on the present site of Seattle,  which was named after the chief of the tribe.  They suffered from the White influx.  The tribe has been declined federal recognition.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
WA  (21)
Present Locations
WA  Duwamish Indian Tribe, Renton
         Tulalip Reservation, Marysville
Year History
1787 Strait of Juan de Fuca discovered by Charles Barkley
1788 Visited by Mears
1790 Manual Quimper explored both shores of strait
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Hudson Bay Company founded Fort Langley
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1855 Treaty of Point Elliot
Year  Population Source
1700 300 NAHDB calculation 
1800 300 NAHDB calculation
1856 64-312 Swanton
1900 50 NAHDB calculation
1910 20 Census
2000 50 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Duwamish Sites:
Battle of Seattle
Black River Disappears in July 1916
Chief Seattle
Chief Seattle
Chief Seattle, Leader of the Suquamish and Duwamish
Chief Seattle's Speech
Chief Seattle's Tribe Clings to its Identity
Denny, David Thomas
Duwamish Canoe
Duwamish Indian Tribe History
Duwamish Indian Tribes
Duwamish Recognized ...
Duwamish Tribe
Duwamish Tribe History
Duwamish Tribe Wins Federal Recognition ...
Holgate, John Explores Duwamish River ... 1950
Lushootseed Language\
Lushootseed Linguistic Lineage
Maple Bay:  Last Great Battle
Native Americans Force Settlers to Leave Whidbey Island, 1848
Native Landscape:  The Rich Layer of Indigenous History Under Seattle's Skin
Northwest Coast Culture and Ethnobotany
Seattle, Chief of the Duwamish ...
Seattle (Duwamish) 1786-1866
Seattle:  Squamish and Duwamish
Seattle First Baptist
Serpent Spirit -power Stories Along the Seattle Fault
Seward Park History
Thus Spoke Chief Seattle
Treaty of Point Elliot
Vancouver Begins British Survey of Puget Sound, 1792

Last updated 11/12/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press