FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Eel River Tribes

 

Ethnie: EEL RIVER TRIBES
Language: Wailakian
Family: Pacific Coast Athapaskan
Stock: Athapaskan
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwest California

 

 

 

 

Speakers None      
     The Eel River tribes were sedentary hunter/gatherers. They lived along the Eel River and tributaries and as far east as the head of the Mad River. They were all but destroyed by the gold rush miners and settlers. Large numbers have absorbed into other cultures.
Tribes
Lassik, Nongatl, Sinkyone
Present Locations
Some descendents scattered in aboriginal territories.
Year History
  900 Probable California arrival date
1850 Probable influx of miners and settlers into territory with ensuing violence, large group of Chilula massacred by Lassik trying to return home from internment
Year Population Source
1700 2000 NAHDB calculation
1770 2000 Kroeber
1800 2000 NAHDB calculation
1900 100 NAHDB calculation
1910 100 Kroeber
2000 500 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Cahto, Wailaki
Eel River Tribes Sites
Athapaskan Languages of California  http://www.geocities.com/Athens/9479/wailaki.html
Bear-Woman and Deer-Woman:  A Lassik Legend  http://www.firstpeople.us/FP-Html-Legends/Bear-WomanandDeer-Woman-Lassik.html
Bitter Memories at Round Valley  http://www.rwor.org/a/v19/910-19/917/rndvaly.htm
C. Hart Merriam Map   http://www.dcn.davis.ca.us/~ammon/tsnungwe/map.html
Eel River Athapaskans  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eel_River_Athapaskans
Excerpt from No Room of their Own  http://www.humboldt.edu/~crc/documents/LucyYoung2_15_99.pdf
Ida Rae Igli  http://www.idaraeegli.com/press_californiahistorian.html
Indian Myths of Central California  http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/ca/scc/scc02.htm
Inter-Tribal Sinkyone Wilderness Council  http://www.treesfoundation.org/affiliates/specific-22
Lassik Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/athapascan/lassikindianhist.htm
Lassik Language  http://www.billabbie.com/calath/laindex.html
Mattole-Wailaki Language Family Tree  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_lang_family.asp?code=WLK
Nongatl Language  http://www.billabbie.com/calath/noindex.html
(Northspeakers) and Their Neighbors  http://northspeakers.org/_wsn/page3.html
Return Stolen Land this Columbus (sic) Day  http://portland.indymedia.org/en/2004/09/298543.shtml
Round Valley Congressional History  http://www.covelo.net/tribes/pages/tribes_rvcongress.shtml
Sinkyone Language  http://www.billabbie.com/calath/siindex.html
Sinkyone Victory:  A Dream Comes Closer  http://nativenet.uthscsa.edu/archive/nl/9505/0151.html
Sinkyone Washout  http://www.humboldt1.com/~rplatz/kingrange/sinkyone.htm
Tribal and Native Lands Project  http://www.tpl.org/tier3_cdl.cfm?content_item_id=1182&folder_id=217
Wailaki Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=WLK
Wailaki Language  http://www.native-languages.org/wailaki.htm
Wailaki - SFSU Narrative  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/wailaki.html
Last updated 07/'12/07   Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press