FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Eskimo

 

 

Ethnie: ESKIMO (INUPIAT)
Language: North Alaskan Inupiatun and Northwest Alaskan Inupiatun
Family: Eskimo
Stock: Eskimo-Aleut
Phylum: Eskimo-Aleut
Macro-Culture: Alaska

 

 

 

 

Speakers    (1995 M. Krausse)
       The Eskimo were and are a loose confederation of family groups ranging from Siberia to Greenland. They crossed into North America from Siberia about 3,000 BC They were, for the most part, arctic maritime hunters. They experienced minimal White contact due to their sparsely populated vast arctic territory.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
AK    Eskimo (31)
Present Locations
AK    Arctic Slope Regional Corporation, Barrow
          Bristol Bay Native Corporation, Dillingham
          Calista Corporation
          Doyon, LImited
          NANA Regional Corporation, Kotzebue
Year History
1741 Met by Vitus Bering
1871 US purchased Alaska, Hudson Bay Company began establishing posts
1971 Alaska natives awarded 44 million acres of land and $962.5 million in claims spurred by the Alaska Pipeline, 13 regional corporations formed for administration; similar Original Peoples Entitlement negotiated in Canada
Year AK Population   Source
1700 40,000   NAHDB calculation
1700 40,000   Swanton
1800 40,000   NAHDB calculation
1900 4,000   NAHDB calculation
1981 16,000   BIA
2000 18,000   NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Eskimo Sites
American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut Population  http://www.census.gov/population/www/pop-profile/amerind.html
Arctic Slope Regional Corporation  http://www.asrc.com/intro.html
Bristol Bay Native Corporation  http://www.bbnc.net/
Calista Corporation  http://www.calistacorp.com/
CHIEF Christian Hope Indian Eskimo Fellowship  http://www.chief.org/
Copper Eskimo  http://lucy.ukc.ac.uk/EthnoAtlas/Hmar/Cult_dir/Culture.7838
Counting Eskimo Words for Snow  http://www.putlearningfirst.com/language/research/eskimo.html
Doyon Limited  http://www.doyon.com/
Eskimo  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/05539a.htm
Eskimo  http://www.nativeamericans.com/Eskimo.htm
Eskimo-Aleut  http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/society/A0817692.html
Eskimo-Aleut  http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/society/A0817692.html
Eskimo-Aleut Language Family  http://www.native-languages.org/famesk.htm
Eskimo-Aleut Languages  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eskimo-Aleut_languages
Eskimo Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t155
Eskimo-Indian Games  http://www.fairbanks-alaska.com/eskimo-indian-games.htm
Eskimo-Indian Olympics  http://www.weio.org/
Eskimo Inuit Art  http://www.freespiritgallery.ca/
Eskimo Native Artifacts  http://funtongue.tripod.com/alaska/arctic_02.html
Eskimos and Native People of the North  http://arcticwebsite.com/eskimolist.html
Eskimo Village Crafts  http://members.aol.com/glincoln45/Kipusvik.htm
Eskimo Words and Phrases  http://www.arcticwebsite.com/EskimoSpeak.html
Igloo  http://www.kstrom.net/isk/maps/houses/igloo.html
Inuktitut Language  http://www.native-languages.org/inuktitut.htm
NANA Regional Corporation  http://www.nana.com/
Native Eskimo  http://www.old-picture.com/american-adventure/Native-Eskimo.htm
Scientists Discover a New Eskimo Tribe (1911 - NY Times)  http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9C04E7DF1E31E233A2575AC2A9669D946096D6CF&oref=slogin
Whale Baleen Basket  http://www.simplybaskets.com/Baleen_Basket_Ivory_Whale_Tail.html
World Eskimo-Indian Olympics (Video)  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cmbHFiiwxA4

Last updated 11/14/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press