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Esselen

 

Ethnie: ESSELEN
Language: Esselen
Family: Esselen
Stock: Esseken-Yuman
Phylum: Hokan
Macro-Culture: Transitional - Southern California, Central California
Speakers None      
The Esselen were a semi-sedentary hunter/gatherer language family of California. They were located on the upper Carmel and Sur Rivers and along the coast from Point Lopez to Point Sur. The tribe was destroyed by missionization, even before the influx of gold rush miners and settlers. Descendants remain in their aboriginal territories.
Aboriginal Locations
6 villages
Present Locations
Extinct as a culture though some descendents remain in aboriginal territories
Groups with recognition petitions pending
ESSELEN TRIBE OF MONTEREY COUNCIL, San Mateo
OHLONE/COSTANOAN - ESSELEN NATION, Palo Alto
Year History
1770 Bulk of population gathered into Missions San Carlos Borromeo and Nuestra Señora de la Soledad
1802 Pneumonia and diphtheria epidemics
1806 Measles epidemic
1821 Few remaining indentured to Mexican lords
Year Population Source
1700 750 NAHDB calculation
1770 750 Kroeber
1800 500 NAHDB calculation
1828 1 Hester
1900 50 NAHDB calculation
2000 50 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Esselen Sites
California Prehistory.com  http://www.californiaprehistory.com/reports01/rep0024.html
Del Monte Forest Archeological Investigations  http://www.californiaprehistory.com/reports01/rep0023.html
Developing an Archeological Predictive Model  http://www.usc.edu/dept/geography/learngis/papers/583paper2Brogan.htm
Esselen Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t320
Esselen Book  http://www.henrymiller.org/pdf/EsselenBook3.6.pdf
Esselen Indians  http://www.mchsmuseum.com/esselen.html
http://www.henrymiller.org/pdf/EsselenBook3.6.pdf
.. Esselen Indians of Monterey County  http://www.bigsurcalifornia.org/esselen.html
Esselen Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/esselen/esselenindianhist.htm
Esselen Language  http://www.native-languages.org/esselen.htm
Esselen Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=ESQ
Esselen Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=ESQ
Esselen Nation  http://www.esselennation.net/
Esselen Tribe of Monterey County    http://www.esselen.com/
Hands:  A Unique Esselen Art Form  http://www.californiaprehistory.com/reports02/rep0034.html
Linguistics and Prehistory:  A Case Study From the Monterrey Bay Area  http://www.californiaprehistory.com/reports02/rep0027.html
Mission Nuestra Senora de Soledad  http://www.californiamissions.com/cahistory/soledad.html
Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo  http://www.notfrisco.com/almanac/kroeber01/scarlos.html
Ohlone/Costanoan Esselen Nation  http://www.esselennation.com/
Ohlone/Costanoan Esselen Roundhouse  http://www.indiancanyon.org/vlodge2a.html
Post Contact Esselen Occupation of the Santa Lucia Mountains  http://www.californiaprehistory.com/reports01/rep0024.html
Radiocarbon Dates on Three Mussel Shell Fish Hooks ... http://www.californiaprehistory.com/reports01/rep0001.html
Radiocarbon Dates on Olivella Shell Beads  http://www.californiaprehistory.com/reports01/rep0004.html
The Sarhentaruc Problem  http://www.californiaprehistory.com/reports02/rep0028.html
Shell Beads and Ornaments ...  http://www.californiaprehistory.com/reports01/rep0020.html
Tribal Warfare  http://www.montereycountyweekly.com/issues/Issue.03-25-04/news/Article.coverstory

Last updated 07/13/07  Copyright © 2007 by Four Directions Press