FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Gabrielino

 

Ethnie: GABRIELINO (TONGVA)
Language: Northern Takic
Family: Takic
Stock: Uto-Aztecan
Phylum: Aztec-Tanoan
Macro-Culture: Southern California
Speakers None      
The Takic peoples arrived in southern California about 2,500 years ago. All were peaceful hunter/gatherer mountain and desert cultures. The Gabrielino delineation was a result of the Spanish missionization which separated the tribe from the so called Serrano. The Gabrielino herein include the so-called Fernandeño and/or Tataviam. They occupied the entire Los Angeles basin and along the coast from below Malibu Creek to Aliso Creek, the western San Bernardino Valley to Cucumonga, and Santa Catalina, and San Clemente Islands.  The Gabrielino were destroyed as a culture by missionization, harsh treatment by Spanish overlords, and European introduced diseases. A few descendants remain today.  The tribe is not federally recognized.
Aboriginal Locations
Ahura, Ahau, Akura-nga, Aleupki-nga, Apachia, Asuksa, Awi, Carpenter's, Chokish-nga, Chowi, Cucumonga, Engva, Hahamo, Hout, Hutuk, Isantka-nga, Jaboneria, Kawe, Kinki, Kukamo, La Presa, Lukup, Masou, Mau, Mission Vieja, Moyo, Nakau-nga, Pahav, Pasino, Pavunga, Pear Orchard, Pimoka-nga, Pimu, Pisek, Pubu, Puvunga, Rancho de los Ybarras, San Clemente Island, Sehat, Shua, Siba, Sisitkano-nga, Sona-nga, Tibaha, Toibi
Present Locations
Absorbed into dominant culture
Groups with recognition petitions pending:
GABRIELINO/TONGVA NATION, San Gabriel
FERNANDEÑO/TATAVIAM TRIBE, Sylmar
Year History
500 BC  Archeological estimate of arrival time, though not first residents of area
1520  Spanish explorers visited Santa Catalina Island
1542  Contact with Cabrillo
1602  Viscaino received peacefully by Indians
1769  Portola arrived via land route
1771  Mission San Gabriel Arcangel founded
1781  Pueblo de Los Angeles founded
1785  Revolt under medicine woman Toypurina
1797  Mission San Fernando Rey España founded
1821  Much of tribe indentured to Mexican feudal barons
1840  Smallpox epidemic
1842  Gold discovered in Placerita Canyon
1850  Gabrielino company recruited by Mexico for war with United States
1860  Smallpox epidemic
1973  Some residents of city of San Gabriel claimed Gabrielino descendance
Year Population Source
1700  5,000 NAHDB calculation
1770  5,000 Kroeber estimate
1800  4,000 NAHDB calculation
1900  50 NAHDB calculation 
1910  0 Kroeber estimate
2000  300 NAHDB projection
Other speakers of the same language:
Kitanemuk, Serrano
Gabrielino links:
About Puvunga  http://www.csulb.edu/~eruyle/puvudoc_0000_about.html
Agua Dulce Man Preserves Tataviam Past  http://www.scvhistory.com/scvhistory/sg102900b.htm
American Indians Celebrate Past  http://www.csulb.edu/~d49er/fall98/v5n51-indians.html
Antelope Valley Indian Peoples  http://www.avim.parks.ca.gov/people/ph_tataviam.shtml
Before Columbus  http://www.geocities.com/CapitolHill/Lobby/4621/beforecolumbus.html
Before the Arrival of the Spanish  http://www.paccd.cc.ca.us/classes/envsci/lariverproj/Indians.htm
Cal Poly Rain Bird Biotrek Ethnobotany Learning Center   http://sci.csupomona.edu/downloads/biotrk.pdf
A Cowery Shell Artifact from Bolsa Chica ...  http://www.pcas.org/Vol35N23/3523Koerper2.pdf
Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/southern_california_culture.htm
Extreme Late Holocene Climate Change in Coastal Southern California  http://www.pcas.org/Vol35N23/3523Boxt.pdf
Fall Harvest of Nuts and Seeds  http://www.aaaim.com/echo/v4n3/v4n3FallHarvest.htm
Fernandeno Shell Beads  http://content.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/hb709nb8j3/
Fernandeno-Tataviam Tribe  http://www.tataviam.org/
Gabrielino Authors  http://www4.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t157
Gabrielino Heritage May Be Proven With DNA Studies  http://www.ocbtracker.com/9906dna.html
Gabrielino Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/california/gabrielinoindianhist.htm
Gabrielino Tongva Dispute Escalates  http://www.capitolweekly.net/news/article.html?article_id=1476
Gabrielino Tongva Language  http://www.native-languages.org/gabrielino.htm
Gabrielino/Tongva Nation  http://tongva.com/
Gabrielino Tongva Recognition  http://www.aisc.ucla.edu/rsrch/gab.html
Gabrielino/Tongva Springs Foundation  http://www.onionskin.com/gabrielino/
Gabrielino Tongva Tribe  http://www.tongvatribe.net/
Gabrielino Tribe  http://www.megapathdsl.net/~ccirino/hvc/webpages/lafaille/gabriel.html
Gabrielino in Palos Verdes  http://www.palosverdes.com/eco/gabrielino.html
Gabrielino Whale Effigy  http://content.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/hb8f59p5qv/
Haramokngna American Indian Cultural Center  http://www.haramokngna.org/home.htm
History of the Los Angeles River  http://ladpw.org/wmd/watershed/LA/History.cfm
Indians of California;  South Coast Region  http://www.cabrillo.edu/~crsmith/anth6_scoastal.html
Kah-hur-ahang - Tongva-Gabrielino Name for the Great Blue Heron  http://www.geocities.com/Yosemite/Gorge/5604/blueherontongva.htm
L. A.'s Original Peoples  http://www.laalmanac.com/history/hi05.htm
Los Angeles Pre-History  http://www.losangelesalmanac.com/topics/History/hi01a.htm
Mission San Gabriel Arcangel - Mission Indian Records (1811)  http://www.notfrisco.com/almanac/kroeber01/sgabriel.html
Mission San Fernando Rey de Espana    http://www.notfrisco.com/almanac/kroeber01/sfernando.html
Native American Water Craft  http://www.mms.gov/omm/pacific/kids/watercraft.htm
Playa Vista Archeological and Historical Project  http://www.sricrm.com/projects/playavista.html
Rain Bird Ethnobotany Learning Center  http://www.csupomona.edu/~jotaylor/classes/ELC/ELC_index.html
A Red Ochre Cogged Stone from Orange County  http://www.pcas.org/Vol34N1/341Krpr.pdf
Pictographs:  Tongva (Gabrielino)  http://www.sinay.com/rockart/rock/rock-9.htm
Robert Orduno - Gabrielino  http://www.msstate.edu/Fineart_Online/Gallery/Trophies/orduno.htm
Serrano-Gabrielino Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=SER
Tataviam  http://www.scvleon.com/newhall/tataviam.htm
Tataviam  http://eee.uci.edu/clients/tcthorne/idp/clickablecamap/Tataviam.htm
Tataviam Archeological Research Project  http://www.piercecollege.edu/faculty/eisenljs/TARP.htm
Tataviam Indians  http://www.scvhistory.com/scvhistory/tataviam.htm
Tataviam Indians and Vasquez Rocks - Photo Gallery  http://www.scvhistory.com/
Tataviam Language  http://www.native-languages.org/tataviam.htm
The Tongva  http://www.politeo.net/tongva/
Tongva/Gabrielino  http://cogweb.ucla.edu/Chumash/Tongva.html
Tongva (Gabrielino)  http://www.californiahistory.net/2_natives/tongva.htm
Tongva (Gabrielino) House  http://www.flickr.com/photos/anne_bonney/745101178/
Tongva History  http://members.aol.com/perrismuseum/tongva.htm
Tongva Language and Culture  http://www.pbs.org/indiancountry/challenges/tongva.html
Tongva Medicinal Plants  http://www.runajambi.net/tongva/
Tongva Nation  http://www.tongva.com/
ongva Native Garden  http://www.pitzer.edu/offices/arboretum/tongva_garden/index.htm
The Tongva  http://hometown.aol.com/Yangna/ynH2.html
Tongva Ezhibit:  Santa Fe Springs Public Library ... http://www.sinay.com/rockart/rock/rock-9.htm
The Tongva Memorial  http://www.lmu.edu/pages/5460.asp
The Tongva People of Sunland-Tujunga Student project  http://www.lausd.k12.ca.us/Verdugo_HS/classes/multimedia/intro.html
Tongva Tribe  http://www.tongvatribe.org/
Tongva Village Mural  http://www.csupomona.edu/~biotrek/ethnobotany/mural/
Tremor Tales - The Turtle Story    http://www.topangaonline.com/nativam/turtles.html
Wild Foods of the Gabrielino   http://www.aaaim.com/echo/v4n2/v4n2WildFoods.htm

Last update 07/13/07  Copyright © 2007 by Four Directions Press