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Gitsan

 

 

Ethnie: GITSAN (GITXSAN, KITSAN)
Language: Gitxsan
Family: Tsimshian
Stock: Chinookan
Phylum: Macro-Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 400   (1999 Jay Powell)  
        The Gitsan were a sedentary hunter tribal group of the north central British Columbia. Many of the leading families of the Gitsan were Na-Dene in origin including interior Athapaskan and Tlingit. They were located on the upper course of the Skeena River. They had only minimal early contact with Whites.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
BC     Gitanmaax, Kispiox, Kitgargas or Kisgagas, Kegukla, Kitwancool, Kitwanga, Kuldo or Qaldo, Meamskinisht
Present Locations
BC   Gitanmaax, Hazleton
        Gitwangak, Kitwanga
        Glen Vowell, Hazleton
        Hagwilget, New Hazleton
        Kispiox, Hazleton
        Kitsegukla, South Hazleton
        Kitwancool, Kitwanga
Year History
1822 Fort Kilmers established, White contact began
1826 Fort Connolly established
1831 Fort Simpson established
1835 Fort Essington established
187X Minor Skeena gold rush
1876 Cannery established at Skeena
1898 Klondike gold rush
Year BC Population   Source
1700 1,200   NAHDB calculation
1800 1,200   NAHDB calculation
1900 1,100   NAHDB calculation
1904 1,120   Official
2000 5,200   NAHDB calculation
2001 5,403   Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
Other speakers of the same language:
Niska
Gitsan Tribe Sites:
Canadian Indians Win a Ruling Vindicating Their Oral History  http://query.nytimes.com/gst/fullpage.html?res=9F00E4D91E3DF93AA35751C0A96E958260&sec=&spon=&pagewanted=all
Copper Creations  http://www.coppercreations.ca/gitxsan.htm
Gitanmaax Band  http://www.gitanmaax.com/
Gitanmaax Band Log Office  http://www.100-mile-house-log-homes.com/log_office.html
Gitksan Government Commission  http://www.ggc.gitxsan.com/index.shtml
Gitsan Landscape Perception ...  http://web.grinnell.edu/anthropology/ethnoecology.html
Gitxsan  http://www.firstnationsseeker.ca/Gitksan.html
Gitxsan Chief's Office  http://www.gitxsan.com/
Gitxsan Chiefs Protect Amazay Lake  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zr_QbfSZ2iM
Gitxsan Experience in Cultural Survival  http://www.folklife.si.edu/resources/Unesco/collier.htm
Gitxsan Hereditary Chiefs  http://www.bctreaty.net/nations_3/gitxsan.html
Gitxan Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=git
Gitxsan Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=git
Gitxsan Model: ...  http://www.conservationgis.org/native/native2.html
Gitxsan-Nisga'a (Nass-Gitksan)  http://www.native-languages.org/nisgaa-gitxsan.htm
Gitzan People  http://www.cultures.com/links/gitxsan.html
Gitxan Treaty Society  http://www.gov.bc.ca/arr/negotiation/first_nations_in_the_process/gitxsan.htm
Hazleton Community Profile  http://www.bcahc.ca/irpbc/default.asp?pageid=695
Kispiox  http://www.kispioxadventures.com/english/pp/people.htm
Kispiox Valley  http://www.kispiox.com/
Kitwanga  http://www.britishcolumbia.com/regions/towns/?townID=3610
'Ksan Historical Village  http://www.ainc-inac.gc.ca/nr/ecd/bc/khs_e.html
'Ksan Historical Village  http://www.ksan.org/
New Hazleton History  http://www.newhazelton.ca/history.php
'San Arts  http://www.ksan.org/html/arts.htm
Vanishing British Columbia  http://www.michaelkluckner.com/bciw10kitseguklachurch.html
Wilkerson Art  http://www.wilkersonart.com/

Last updated 03/10/09  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press