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Guale

 

 

Ethnie: GUALE
Language: Muskogee
Family: Muskogee
Stock: Muskogee
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Guale were a sedentary coastal hunter/farmer nation. They were settled along the Georgia coast from St. Andrews Sound to the Savannah River. They were essentially destroyed in conflicts with other tribes and in the Yamasee War. The survivors formed a component of the Creek Confederacy.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
GA    Northern (14), Central (11), Southern (11), unknown affiliation (10)
Present Locations
Confederated into the Creek in AL and OK
Year History
1526 Last Ayllon settlement was in or near Guale country
1562 Visited by Huguenots from Port Royal Jesuit missionary work began
1597 Insurrection killed all missionaries but one
1601 Attacked by Florida and severely defeated
1608 Insurrection
1645 Insurrection
1661 Attacks from northern tribes
1680 Attacks from northern tribes
1686 Surviving Guale escaped inland or moved to San Pedro, Santa Maria, and San Juan Islands; others went to South Carolina
1699 Visited by Dickenson
1702 General insurrection, joined Yamasee
1715 Yamasee War, most joined Muskogee forming the Creek Confederacy
1726 Last word of Guale at St. Augustine
Year Total Pop. FL GA Source
1650 4,000   4,000   Swanton estimate
1700 500 500   NAHDB calculation
1800 0     NAHDB calculation
1900 0     NAHDB calculation 
2000 0     NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Creek, Muskogee, Seminole
Guale Sites:
Chocolate Plantation  http://www.yahoolavista.com/sapeloisland/tabby-ruins/
Creation Myths and Legends of the Creek Indians  http://www.upf.com/Spring2002/grantham.html
Creek Indians  http://roadsidegeorgia.com/links/american_indians/creek
Creek Indians  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/northamerica/creek_indians.html
Creek Indians  http://www.cviog.uga.edu/Projects/gainfo/creek.htm
Creek Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/creek/creekhist.htm
Creek Language  http://www.tfn.net/Museum/language.html
Creek Language Archive  http://www.wm.edu/linguistics/creek/
Creek Nation  http://ngeorgia.com/history/creek.html
Creek Nation  http://www.rootsweb.com/~usgenweb/ok/nations/itcreek/itcreek.html
Creek People  http://www.angelfire.com/realm/shades/nativeamericans/creek.htm
Creek People  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Creek_(people)
Creek (people)  http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761551775/Creek_(people).html
Fort Morris State Park  http://www.cr.nps.gov/goldcres/sites/morris.htm
Fray Andres de San Miguel  http://www.upf.com/Spring2001/hann.html
Guale  http://www.angelfire.com/realm/shades/nativeamericans/guale.htm
Guale Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/georgia/gualeindianhist.htm
Indian Tribe History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/indiantribe.htm
Muskogee Language (Creek)  http://www.native-languages.org/muskogee.htm
Muskokee (Creek) Literature  http://www.indians.org/welker/creek.htm
Santa Catalina de Guale  http://darientel.net/~schoettl/martyrs/StCath/
Sapelo Island Reserve  http://nerrs.noaa.gov/SapeloIsland/History.html

Last updated 03/16/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press