FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Haida

 

 

Ethnie: HAIDA
Language: Haida (Northern and Southern Dialects)
Family: Haida
Stock: Nuclear Na-Dene
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwest

 

 

 

 

Speakers 40   (1995 M. Krausse)
      The Haida were a sedentary maritime nation that relied heavily on fishing. They were belligerent with neighboring tribes. They arrived in the area from the Yukon as a result of a volcanic eruption about AD 750 Aboriginally, they were located on the Queen Charlotte Islands. They became missionized early and undertook farming, but suffered severely from the effects of White disease and culture.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
BC     Chaal, Cumshewa, Dadens, Gahlinskun, Haena, Heilung, Howkan, Kaisun, Kasaan, Kayung, Kiusta, Klinkwan, Kloo, Kung, Kweundlas, Masset, Naikum, Ninstints, Skedans, Skidegate, Sukkwan, Tiun, Yaku, Yan (100)
Present Locations
AK    Sealaska Corporation, Juneau
BC     Masset, Masset
          Skidegate, Queen Charlotte City
Year History
1700 Some soon relocated to southern tip of Prince of Wales Island, Alaska and established there in 4 tribes
1774 Spotted Spanish Ensign Juan Perez in corvette Santiago
1775 Visited by Bodega and Maurelle
1786 Visited by La Perouse
1787 Visited by Dixon for one month who began trading for furs
1824 Smallpox epidemic
1825 Began cultivation of potatoes after introduction by traders
1829 Hudson Bay post established, Anglican mission at Masset, Methodist mission at Skidegate
1862 Smallpox, liquor, and venereal disease depleted population before White influx; one entire village
Year Total Population AK BC   Source
1700 9,800   9,800   NAHDB calculation
1780 9,800       Mooney estimate
1800 9,000 1,000 8,000   NAHDB calculation
1836 8,428       John Work estimate
1841 8,328       Sir James Douglas estimate
1889 637       Census
1895 593       Swanton estimate
1900 700 100 600   NAHDB calculation
1902 788       Swanton
1910 530       Census
1915 588       Duff estimate
1968     1,224   Queen Charlotte Agency (Canada only)
1970   240     Blackman (US only)
1995 1,500       M. Krausse
2000 1,600 300 1,300   NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Haida Sites
American Indian, Eskimo, and Aleut Population  http://www.census.gov/population/www/pop-profile/amerind.html
Bear and His Indian Wife - Haida Legend  http://www.firstpeople.us/FP-Html-Legends/TheBearAndHisIndianWife-Haida.html
Central Council of the Tlingit and Haida Indian Tribes of Alaska  http://www.ccthita.org/
Church Apologizes for Missionary Abuses  http://www.geocities.com/alaskanativebaskets/Church.Apology.Spirit.html
Council of the Haida Nation  http://www.skidegate.ca/CHN.html
Council of the Haida Nation Forest Guardians  http://www.haidanation.ca/
Haida  http://www.hypatia.se/indian/stammar/haida.asp
Haida   http://www.nativeamericans.com/Haida.htm
Haida  http://www.scsc.k12.ar.us/2002Outwest/NaturalHistory/Projects/LachowskyR/Haida.htm
Haida Art  http://artfromthetribe.com/#
Haida Artist  http://www.georgestorry.com/
Haida Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t158
Haida Carver  http://www.georgestorry.com/home.htm
Haida:  Children of the Eagle and Raven  http://www.civilization.ca/aborig/haida/haindexe.html
Haida Gwaii  http://www.haidagwaii.ca/
Haida Homeland  http://www.virtualmuseum.ca/Exhibitions/Haida/java/english/c+o/co2a.html
Haida House  http://www.hallman.org/indian/house.html
Haida House Interior  http://vilda.alaska.edu/cgi-bin/viewer.exe?CISOROOT=/cdmg21&CISOPTR=218&CISORESTMP=&CISOVIEWTMP=
Haida Indian Cemetary  http://www.findagrave.com/php/famous.php?page=cem&FScemeteryid=1973619
Haidy Indians by Kaitlin and Karlee Student Project  http://www.saskschools.ca/~avonlea2/grass3/grade56/indexkg.htm
Haida Indian Towns  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/canada/haidatowns.htm
Haida Indian Tribe History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/canada/haidaindianhist.htm
Haida Language  http://www.native-languages.org/haida.htm
Haida Language  http://www.ydli.org/langs/haida.htm
Haida Language  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haida_language
Haida Language Bibliography  http://www.ydli.org/biblios/haidbib.htm
Haida Language Family  http://www.civilization.ca/aborig/stones/groups/haidi.htm
Hiada Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=91173
Haida Mother Bear Story  http://www.firstpeople.us/FP-Html-Legends/HaidaMotherBearStory-Haida.html
Haida Northwest Indian Art and Artifacts  http://www.freespiritgallery.ca/haidaart1.htm
Haida Rattle  http://www.pbase.com/athiker95/image/19549511
Haida Shaman's Rattle  http://www.dancephotography.com/native_american_indian_photos/page11.html
Haida Songs  http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/nw/hs/index.htm
Haida Stock Photos  http://www.nativestock.com/famain.asp?customerId=27&sKey=XEWPV34W&cid=404
Haida Thunderbird Painting  http://www.indiantrailcarvings.com/index.php?q=gallery&g2_itemId=115
Haida Tlingit Dance  http://natube.magnify.net/item/B2MSBC48LH34RS3F
Haida Tribe  http://www.essortment.com/all/haidatribe_rhwg.htm
KASAAN ALASKA Haida Hyda native American Indian village  http://www.vintagepostcards.org/kasaan-alaska-haida-hyda-native-american-indian-village-p-4781.html
Ketchikan Indian Community  http://www.kictribe.org/Classifieds/Classifieds.htm
LUCID  http://ierg.net/LUCID/
NativeHaida.com  http://www.nativehaida.com/
Northern Haida Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=hdn
Old Haida Bowls  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=q3vsEd49mEw
Queen Johnnie Photo  http://www.vintagepostcards.org/queen-charlotte-islands-haida-native-american-canada-p-4535.html
Reid, Bill, Haida Artist  http://www.sa-cinn.com/bill_reid.htm
Russian America  http://it.stlawu.edu/~rkreuzer/natives.htm
SCORE Haida Teacher's Guide  http://www.sdcoe.k12.ca.us/score/haida/haidatg.html
Sealaska Corporation  http://www.sealaska.com/
Sealaska Heritage Institute  http://www.sealaskaheritage.org/index.htm
Southern Haida Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=hax
Struggle for Haida Gwaii  http://dominionpaper.ca/original_peoples/2004/11/06/the_strugg.html
Tlingit-Haida-Tsimshian  http://www.ankn.uaf.edu/ANCR/southeast.html
Wooden Thunderbird of the Haida Tribe  http://www.britannica.com/bps/art/34518/Wooden-thunderbird-of-the-Haida-tribe-northwest-coast-of-North#tab=active~checked%2Citems~checked%3E%2Fbps%2Ftopic%2F251732%2FHaida&title=Haida%20--%20Britannica%20Online%20Encyclopedia

Last updated 03/17/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press