FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Haisla

 

 

Ethnie: HAISLA
Language: Haisla
Family: Northern Wakashan
Stock: Wakashan
Phylum: Wakashan
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 25   (1991 M. Dale Kincade)  
      The Haisla were a maritime nation located on Douglas Inlet in British Columbia. They traded with the Whites from first contact. The ethnie suffered from significantly from White introduced diseases. A great deal of the cultural tradition was lost with the banning of the potlatch though they now work the return of an important totem pole from Sweden.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
BC   Haisla (2)
Present Locations
BC   Kitamaat Tribal Council, Kitamaat
Year History
1792 Visited by Juan Zayas
1793 Area visited by Capt. George Vancouver
1843 Hudson Bay post Ft. McLoughlin established
1862 Smallpox epidemic
1884 Potlatch banned in British Columbia
1951 Potlatch ban repealed
Year BC Population   Source
1700 700   NAHDB calculation
1780 700   Mooney estimate
1800 700   NAHDB calculation
1900 200   NAHDB calculation
1906 852   Swanton (Including Heiltsuk)
1977 1,000   SIL
2000 1,300   NAHDB calculation
2001 1,388   Indian and Northern Affairs Canada
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Haisla Tribe Sites:
Haisla  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haisla_language
Haisla Artist Brad Starr  http://www.canadianindianart.com/cgi-bin/new_artist.pl?artistID=14
Haisla Artist Cedric Bolton  http://www.northwestcoastnativeartists.com/artists/biosdetail.php?recordIDArtistsDetail=0045
Haisla Artist Lyle Wilson  http://www.spiritwrestler.com/catalog/index.php?artists_id=223
Haisla Community  http://www.haisla.ca/community
Haisla Language  http://www.ydli.org/langs/haisla.htm
Haisla Language  http://www.native-languages.org/haisla.htm
Haisla Language  http://www.nanakila.ca/language.html
Haisla Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=has
Haisla Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=has
Haisla Nation Leads Kitlope Victory  http://forests.org/archive/canada/haisla.htm
Haisla Rediscovery Builds on Cultural Roots  http://www.sfu.ca/cscd/gateway/sharing/chap5.htm
Kitlope Heritage Conservancy  http://www.spacesfornature.org/greatspaces/kitlope.html
Kitamaat Village  http://www.kurtknoll.com/villink.html
Kitamaat Village to Crab River  http://www.livinglandscapes.bc.ca/northwest/kitlope/part_1.htm
Kitimat  http://www.britishcolumbia.com/regions/towns/?townID=3609
Totem Returned to Canadian Tribe  http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/americas/4806220.stm
Totem: The Return of the G'psgolox Pole  http://www.umanitoba.ca/outreach/cm/vol11/no8/totem.html
Wakash Indians  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15525c.htm

Last updated 03/18/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press