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 Halchidhoma

 

 

Ethnie: HALCHIDHOMA
Language: River Yuman
Family: Yuman
Stock: Esselen-Yuman
Phylum: Hokan
Macro-Culture: Colorado River
Speakers None      
     The Halchidhoma were a sedentary hunter/farmer nation. They were located along the Colorado River at the Gila. They ultimately merged with the Maricopa, as a result of conflicts with the Mojave tribe.
Aboriginal Locations
AZ Asumpción, Lagrimas de San Pedro, San Antonio, Santa Coleta, CA Village south of Parker
Present Locations
Confederated into the Maricopa in AZ
Year History
1540 Encountered by Alarcón
1640 Found by Oñate occupying villages on Colorado south of Gila
1701 Visited by Father Eusibio Kino
1776 Found by Garcés occupying Colorado below present Bill Williams Fork
1827 Joined Maricopa along with the Kohuana, both suffering in conflicts with Mojave tribe
Year  Population AZ CA Source
1680 3,000 Mooney estimate
1700 3,000 1,500 1,500 NAHDB calculation
1770 1,000 Kroeber estimate
1800 1,000 500 500 NAHDB calculation
1900 0 0 0 NAHDB calculation
2000 0 0 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Maricopa, Mojave, Yuma
Halchidhoma Sites
Before Parker Dam  http://havasumagazine.com/tribejune1999.htm
Chemeheuvi  http://www.cr.nps.gov/history/online_books/jotr/history5.htm
Colorado River Culture Area  http://www.californiahistory.net/text_only/2_7.htm
Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/colorado_river_culture.htm
Halchidhoma  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/arizona/index.htm
Halchidhoma  http://www.answers.com/topic/halchidhoma-2
Halchidhoma  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Halchidhoma
Halchidhoma  http://www.everyculture.com/North-America/Halchidhoma.html
Indian Tribes of North America (extract)  http://www.hiddenhistory.com/PAGE3/swsts/arizona1.HTM
Lake Havasu, Arizona:  A World of Incongruity  http://www2.ups.edu/faculty/wkupinse/ENGL132AFA04HistDrafts/David.htm
Maricopa/Halchidhoma Pottery  http://www.clayhound.us/sites/maricopa.htm
Maricopa Indians  http://jeff.scott.tripod.com/maricopa.html
Maricopa Pottery Collection  http://www.casinoarizona.com/arts.asp
Mojave  http://www.nps.gov/history/history/online_books/jotr/history7.htm
Mojave Enothgraphy and Ethnohistory  http://mojavedesert.net/mojave-indians/explorers.html
Quechan Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=YUM
Quechan Linguistic Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=YUM
Yuma Indians  http://jeff.scott.tripod.com/Yuma.html

Last updated 03/18/08  Copyright © 2008 by Four Directions Press