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Hitchiti

 

 

Ethnie: HITCHITI
Language: Mikasuki
Family: Eastern Muskogee
Stock: Muskogee
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Hitchiti were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. The Muskhogean peoples arrived in their aboriginal area sometime after 1,000 BC They were located on the lower course of the Ocmulgee River. The Okmulgee apparently fissioned from the Hitchiti early. The Hitchiti later split and fused into the Seminole and Creek Confederacies as a result of White pressure.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
GA    (3)
Present Locations
FL and OK, and the Creek now in OK
Year History
1541 Visited by De Soto at the Ocute village on the lower course of the Okmulgee
1597 Visited by de Salas and two missionaries
1767 Eufaula Hitchitis joined Seminole
1799 Had two villages near Flint River per Hawkins
1838 Moved to Oklahoma with Creeks
Year Total GA Pop. Source
1700 500 NAHDB calculation
1738 300   Swanton (60 warriors)
1750 250   Swanton (50 warriors)
1761 200   Swanton (40 warriors)
1772 450   Swanton (90 warriors)
1800 400 NAHDB calculation
1821 300   Young estimate
1832 381   Swanton
1900 0 NAHDB calculation 
2000 0 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Apalachicola, Chiaha, Miccosuki, Oconee, Ocmulgee, Sawokli, Tamathli, Yamasee
Hitchiti Sites:
Heron and the Hummingbird (Story)  http://www.americanfolklore.net/folktales/ga3.html
Hitchiti Indian Tribe History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/muskhogean/hitchitihist.htm
Indian Pioneer History Overview  http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com/~texlance/iph/thomasmeagher.htm
Land of Promise  http://www.cr.nps.gov/seac/beneathweb/ch11.htm
Miccosuki Language  http://www.native-languages.org/mikasuki.htm
Mikasuki Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=mik
Mikasuki Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=92336
Observations on the Seminole Indians - 1823  http://www.seminolenation-indianterritory.org/observations.htm
Oklahoma Seminole Towns of 1900  http://www.seminolenation-indianterritory.org/seminole_towns_of_1900.htm

Last updated 03/26/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press