Ethnie: HUPA
Language: Hupan
Family: Pacific Coast Athapaskan
Stock: Athapaskan
Phylum: Na-Dena
Macro-Culture: Northwest California






Speakers 8      1998 J. Brook, N.Y. Times
The Hupa were sedentary hunter/gatherers that relied heavily on salmon fishing. They were located on the middle course of the Trinity River and on the New River. Their rich area, though small, was densely populated. They suffered from the White influx but held much of their territory.
Aboriginal Locations
26 villages
Present Locations
Year History
1828 Visited by Jedediah Smith and other trappers
1850 Influx of prospectors
1851 Visited by McKee, treaty established reservation
1858 Fort Gaston established in Hoopa Valley
1859 Began resistance of White influx
1864 Peace and friendship treaty negotiated with the United States
1869 Granted Hoopa Valley
1876 Boundaries of Hoopa Valley Reservation established by Executive Order
1891 Boundaries further expanded to connect with Yurok Reservation by Executive Order
1988 Hoopa-Yurok Settlement Act divided lands
Year Population Source
1700 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1770 1,000 Kroeber estimate
1800 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1848 1,000 Cook estimate
1851 1,000 Kroeber estimate
1852 900 Cook estimate
1880 500 Cook estimate
1900 500 NAHDB calculation
1906 420 Kelsey census
1910 500 Census
1937 575 US Indian Office
1962 992 California Commission on Indian Affairs
1981 1,816 Calculated from BIA data
2000 2,000 NAHDB calculation
2007 2,500 All Hoopa Valley residents per tribe
Other speakers of the same language:
Chilula, Whilcut
Hupa Sites
Athapaskan Languages of California
Curtis Collection
Early Days in Klamath
Elk Valley Casino
Elk Valley Rancheria
The Gold Rush Legacy:  Greed, Pollution, and Genocide
Hoopa Authors
Hoopa Modular Building Enterprise
Hoopa Valley Tribe
Hoopa Valley Tribe Wants Fish Passage
Hupa 4th Grade Student Project
The Hupa
Hupa Alphabet Chart
Hupa Artifacts
Hupa Basket
Hupa Basket
Hupa Basket
Hupa Basket
Hupa Basket
Hupa Basket
Hupa Basketry Hat
Hupa Baskets
Hupa Basket and Purses
Hupa Berry Basket
Hupa Canoe
Hupa Cultural Leader Captain John
Hupa Female Shaman
Hupa Fisherman
Hupa History
Hupa (Hoopa) Language
Hupa House
Hupa Indians
Hupa Indians Battle to Reclaim Trinity River
Hupa Indian Tribe
Hupa Land Return
Hupa Language Family Tree
Hupa Language - Page by Danny Ammon
Hupa Language:  Saving
Hupa Narrative
Hupa Open Weave Basket
Hupa Photo Gallery
Hupa Plank House
Hupa Purses and Money
Hupa Student project
Hupa Texts
Hupa Tribal Culture
Hoopa-Yurok Settlement Act
Hupa Woman
Hupa Woman's Dance Apron
Hupa/Yurok Culture and Basketry
Logan Museum - Hupa Artifacts
Northwest Culture and Ethnobotany
Northwestern Culture Area
SFSU Narrative
The Place of Writing in Preserving Oral Languages
Tsungwe Council
Yurok and Hupa of the Northern Coast

Last updated 08/10/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press