FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Hupa

 

Ethnie: HUPA
Language: Hupan
Family: Pacific Coast Athapaskan
Stock: Athapaskan
Phylum: Na-Dena
Macro-Culture: Northwest California

 

 

 

 

 

Speakers 8      1998 J. Brook, N.Y. Times
The Hupa were sedentary hunter/gatherers that relied heavily on salmon fishing. They were located on the middle course of the Trinity River and on the New River. Their rich area, though small, was densely populated. They suffered from the White influx but held much of their territory.
Aboriginal Locations
26 villages
Present Locations
CA BIG BEND RANCHERIA, Big Bend
ELK VALLEY RANCHERIA, Crescent City
HOOPA VALLEY RESERVATION, Hoopa
Year History
1828 Visited by Jedediah Smith and other trappers
1850 Influx of prospectors
1851 Visited by McKee, treaty established reservation
1858 Fort Gaston established in Hoopa Valley
1859 Began resistance of White influx
1864 Peace and friendship treaty negotiated with the United States
1869 Granted Hoopa Valley
1876 Boundaries of Hoopa Valley Reservation established by Executive Order
1891 Boundaries further expanded to connect with Yurok Reservation by Executive Order
1988 Hoopa-Yurok Settlement Act divided lands
Year Population Source
1700 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1770 1,000 Kroeber estimate
1800 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1848 1,000 Cook estimate
1851 1,000 Kroeber estimate
1852 900 Cook estimate
1880 500 Cook estimate
1900 500 NAHDB calculation
1906 420 Kelsey census
1910 500 Census
1937 575 US Indian Office
1962 992 California Commission on Indian Affairs
1981 1,816 Calculated from BIA data
2000 2,000 NAHDB calculation
2007 2,500 All Hoopa Valley residents per tribe
Other speakers of the same language:
Chilula, Whilcut
Hupa Sites
Athapaskan Languages of California    http://www.geocities.com/Athens/9479/wailaki.html
Curtis Collection    http://curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/portfolio%20index/portfolio13.html
Early Days in Klamath  http://www.sfmuseum.org/hist7/klamath.html
Elk Valley Casino  http://www.elkvalleycasino.com/
Elk Valley Rancheria  http://www.elk-valley.com
The Gold Rush Legacy:  Greed, Pollution, and Genocide    http://www.earthisland.org/eijournal/spring98/sp98g_wr.htm
Hoopa Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t34
Hoopa Modular Building Enterprise  http://www.hoopamodular.com/
Hoopa Valley Tribe  http://www.hoopa-nsn.gov/
Hoopa Valley Tribe Wants Fish Passage  http://www.klamathforestalliance.org/Newsarticles/newsarticle20070127.html
Hupa 4th Grade Student Project  http://www.murrieta.k12.ca.us/alta/grade4/tribes/hupa.html
Hupa  http://www.everyculture.com/North-America/Hupa.html
The Hupa  http://www.californiahistory.net/2_natives/hupa.htm
Hupa Alphabet Chart    http://www.dcn.davis.ca.us/~ammon/danny/Hupa/HupaAlphabet.html
Hupa Artifacts    http://www.beloit.edu/~museum/logan/catalog/namerica/california/hupa/hupaimages1.htm
Hupa Basket  http://members.aol.com/nfagbo/slide2.html
Hupa Basket  http://www.manyhandsgallery.net/baskets/bas15.htm
Hupa Basket  http://www.antiques--art.com/items/83580/item83580store.html
Hupa Basket  http://www.adobegallery.com/detail.php?item_id=1177355717
Hupa Basket  http://www.atlantaantiquegallery.com/gallery.php/i-7188_hupa_basket.html
Hupa Basket  http://www.antiques--art.com/items/83580/en3store.html
Hupa Basketry Hat  http://antiques-internet.com/colorado/lewisbobrickantiques/dynapage/IP317.htm
Hupa Baskets  http://www.californiabaskets.com/pages/hupahome.html
Hupa Basket and Purses    http://www.edwardscurtis.com/HUPABA.html
Hupa Berry Basket    http://www.manyhandsgallery.net/baskets/bas1.htm
Hupa Canoe  http://www.edwardscurtis.com/HUPACA.html
Hupa Cultural Leader Captain John  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/hupa/HISTORYNEW.HTM
Hupa Female Shaman  http://www.loc.gov/shop/index.php?action=cCatalog.showItem&cid=23&scid=112&iid=2421
Hupa Fisherman  http://www.edwardscurtis.com/HUPAFI.html
Hupa History  http://www.hoopa-nsn.gov/culture/history.htm
Hupa (Hoopa) Language  http://www.native-languages.org/hupa.htm
Hupa House  http://www.edwardscurtis.com/HUPAHO.html
Hupa Indians  http://mle.matsuk12.us/american-natives/california/hupa.html
Hupa Indians Battle to Reclaim Trinity River  http://www.msaj.com/Trinity082204.htm
Hupa Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/athapascan/hupaindiantribe.htm
Hupa Land Return  http://www.humboldt.edu/~jmg2/hupa.html
Hupa Language Family Tree  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=hup
Hupa Language - Page by Danny Ammon  http://www.dcn.davis.ca.us/~ammon/danny/Hupa/HupaLanguage.html
Hupa Language:  Saving  http://www.ruf.rice.edu/~pwd/endangeredamerindian.html
Hupa Narrative  http://www.u.arizona.edu/~cashcash/aildi/kl_Linguistic%20Autobiography_2.pdf
Hupa Open Weave Basket  http://www.manyhandsgallery.net/baskets/bas24.htm
Hupa Photo Gallery    http://sorrel.humboldt.edu/~rwj1/hup.html
Hupa Plank House  http://sorrel.humboldt.edu/~rwj1/hup.html
Hupa Purses and Money  http://www.edwardscurtis.com/HUPAPU.html
Hupa Student project  http://www.murrieta.k12.ca.us/alta/grade4/tribes/hupa.html
Hupa Texts  http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/ca/hut/
Hupa Tribal Culture  http://www.hoopa-nsn.gov/culture/culture.htm
Hoopa-Yurok Settlement Act  http://sorrel.humboldt.edu/~nasp/hoopa.html
Hupa Woman  http://www.edwardscurtis.com/HUPAWO.html
Hupa Woman's Dance Apron  http://www.californiabaskets.com/pages/specialitems/hupadresscombo.html
Hupa/Yurok Culture and Basketry  http://www4.hmc.edu:8001/humanities/indian/basketry/Hupa-Yurok.html
Logan Museum - Hupa Artifacts  http://www.beloit.edu/~museum/logan/catalog/namerica/california/hupa/
Northwest Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_california-oregon_culture.htm
Northwestern Culture Area  http://www.californiahistory.net/text_only/2_4.htm
SFSU Narrative  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/hupa.html
The Place of Writing in Preserving Oral Languages    http://jan.ucc.nau.edu/~jar/RIL_7.html
Tsungwe Council    http://www.dcn.davis.ca.us/~ammon/tsnungwe/council.html
Yurok and Hupa of the Northern Coast  http://www4.hmc.edu:8001/humanities/indian/ca/ch10.htm

Last updated 08/10/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press