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Juaneño

 

Ethnie: JUANEÑO (AJACHEMEN)
Language: Southern Takic
Family: Takic
Stock: Uto-Aztecan
Phylum: Aztec-Tanoan
Macro-Culture: Southern California
Speakers None      Several learning language
     The Juaneño were a semi-sedentary hunter/ gatherer cultural group. They were in reality part of a larger dialectic group of loose family clans that included the Luiseño, Cupeño, and Cahuilla. The Juaneño name was a result of the mission to which this ethnie was indentured. Prior to arrival, they occupied present Orange County from Aliso Creek southward. The Juaneño were indentured to mission San Juan Capistrano and their culture was destroyed by the Spanish missionization.
Aboriginal Locations
Ahachmai, Alona, Hechmai, Humai, Paianche, Panhe, Pelasakeuna, Ru-tuid-em
Present Locations
Extinct as a culture though remnants remain in their aboriginal locale, with one full blood residing on the Cahuilla Reservation, Anza CA
Groups with recognition petitions pending:
JUANEÑO BAND OF MISSION INDIANS, San Juan Capistrano
Year History
1776  Mission San Juan Capistrano established
1821  Indentured to Mexican feudal barons
1865  Smallpox epidemic
1982  Applied for federal recognition
Year Population Source
1700  1,000 NAHDB calculation
1770  1,000 Kroeber estimate
1800  500 NAHDB calculation
1900  50 NAHDB calculation
1910  16 Census
2000  50 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Cahuilla, Cupeno, Luiseno
Juaneno links:
Ajacamen Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t327
American Indians Battle Over Valuable Orange County Land  http://www.cnn.com/US/9705/04/indian.land/
Capistrano Mission Restoration  http://www.cadinfo.net/editorial/Capistrano.htm
Determining Tribal Boundaries Through Potsherds  http://www.pcas.org/Vol35N23/3523Cameron.pdf
Early California at Stillwater Bay  http://www.hrh.servsite.com/danapoint/hist6.htm
Grunion Festival  http://historyandculture.com/chcc/Grunion.html
He Straddles Two Worlds to Rebury Ancestors ...  http://www.nathpo.org/News/NAGPRA/News-NAGPRA26.htm
Juaneno Band of Mission Indians  http://www.juanenoindians.com/http://www.juanenoindians.com/
Juaneneo Constitution  http://www.sjcindian.com/ConstitutionofJuanenoBandofMissionIndians.html
The Juaneno Indians  http://andrea92629.tripod.com/
Juaneno Language  http://www.native-languages.org/juaneno.htm
Juanenos Get Their Culture Back  http://www.angelfire.com/ca5/anthro/Sidebar2.html
Juaneneo Unity ...  http://nativeunity.blogspot.com/2006/08/juaneno-unity-real-struggle-is-not.html
Luiseno Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=LUI
Luiseno Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=LUI
Mission Indians of California  http://www.humboldt.edu/~crc/critiques/Bleeker.pdf
Mission Offers Journeys to the Past ...  http://www.missionsjc.com/pdf/press/Press2004Journeys.pdf
Mission San Juan Capistrano  http://www.missionsjc.com/journeys.html
NAGPRA Issues at Camp Pendleton  http://crm.cr.nps.gov/archive/24-03/24-03-7.pdf
Old Summer Fishing Camp ... Crystal Cove ...  http://www.pcas.org/Vol34N2/342Chase.pdf
O'Neill Park Rally for the Oaks  http://orange-county.net/rallypic.htm
The Praxis Project  http://www.google.com/search?q=juaneno&hl=en&lr=&start=80&sa=N
Puyiidhem, Help Us Save Our Sacred Site http://www.ibsgwatch.imagedjinn.com/learn/2002sept05acjachemem.htm
Puyiidhem, Mother Village of the Acjachemen  http://putiidhem.org/
A Red Ochre Cogged Stone from Orange County
Riding the Waves at Midnight  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues01/Co08252001/CO_08252001_Ridingwaves.htm
San Juan Capistrano Keeps History Alive ...  http://www.thinkandask.com/news/sjc.html
San Juan Capistrano, Take a Walk Through  http://www.katherinesartori.com/ARSanJuanCapoMission.html
Southern California Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/southern_california_culture.htm
Tukma  Student project  http://www.pantheon.org/articles/t/tukma.html

Last updated  07/19/07  Copyright © 2007 by Four Directions Press