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Kalapuyan Tribes

 

 

Ethnie: KALAPUYAN TRIBES
Language: Kalapuyan
Family: Kalapuyan
Stock: Kalapuyan
Phylum: Macro-Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 1 or 2 1962 Chafe
     The Kalapuyan Tribes were semi-sedentary hunter/gatherer tribes who lived in the valley of the Willamette River and its tributaries.  Their population declined rapidly with the arrival of Whites though they had long time been victims of slaving raids from the Columbia River tribes.
Tribes (Villages)
Ahantchuyuk (?), Aflati (24), Chelamela (?), Chepenafa (?),  Kalapuya (5 bands), Luckiamute (6 bands), Santiam (4 bands),  Yamhill (6 bands), Yoncalla (2 bands?)
Oregon Present Locations
Confederated into the Confederated Tribes of Grande Ronde
Year History
1792 Arrival of first Whites
1805 Visited by Lewis and Clark
1824 Smallpox epidemic
1829 Smallpox epidemic, combined 80% population loss
1830 Malaria epidemic
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began, conflicts followed
1850 Influx of prospectors and settlers
1855 Removed to Grand Ronde Reservation
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 3,000 NAHDB calculation
1780 3,000 Mooney estimate
1800 3,000 NAHDB calculation
1880 351 Swanton (Kalapuya at Grand Ronde)
1900 0 NAHDB calculation (Had confederated into other Grand Ronde)
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Kalapuya Sites:
Atfalati Indian History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/kalapooia/atfalatihist.htm
Kalapuya and US Government  http://www.ccrh.org/comm/cottage/gov.htm
Kalapuya Creation Story  http://www.archaeologychannel.org/kalapuya.html
Kalapuya Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=KAL
Kalapuya Talking Stones  http://emc.rio.com/AboutKalStones.html
Kalapuya Legends  http://www.native-languages.org/kalapuya-legends.htm
Kalapuyas of Clackamas County  http://www.usgennet.org/alhnorus/ahorclak/kalapuyas.html
Kalapuya:  Willamette Valley Indians  http://www.ccrh.org/comm/cottage/kalapuya.htm
Mary's River Indians ...  http://www.maryspeak.org/cosmo.htm
Northwest: Oregon Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_california-oregon_culture.htm
Tualatin Indians  http://www.cedarmill.org/history/history_natives.html
Two Will Honor Ancestors ...  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues02/Co03092002/CO_03092002_Walking.htm

Last updated 11/07/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press