FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Kamia

 

Ethnie: KAMIA (COMEYA)
Language: Delta-California Yuman
Family: Yuman
Stock: Esselen-Yuman
Phylum: Hokan
Macro-Culture: Southern California, Colorado River
Speakers None      
     The Kamia were a nomadic desert hunter/gatherers as well as farmers, closely akin to the Digueño tribes, and may even be considered to be southern or eastern Kumeyaay or Diegueno. They were located roughly in what is now the Imperial County. They had little early White contact due to their remote territory. There are few historical notes as a result.
Aboriginal Locations
South of Salton Sea
Present Locations
Adsorbed into other cultures, probably primarily eastern Digueño or Kumeyaay
Year History
1775 Said by Garcés to live in the mountains south of the Salton Sea as hunters but ventured to the Colorado River for agriculture
1849 Whipple put the Comaiyah on the New River near the Salton Sea
Year Population Source
300 Gifford aboriginal population estimate
1700 300 NAHDB calculation
1800 300 NAHDB calculation
1849 254 Heinzelman estimate
1900 0 NAHDB calculation (included in Digueño)
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Cocopa, Digueño, Halykwami, Kohuana
Kamia Sites
California Indian Tribes  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/californiatribes.htm
Journal of San Diego County History http://www.sandiegohistory.org/journal/97summer/missionrevolt.htm
History of the Kumeyaay Indians  http://www.kn.pacbell.com/wired/kumeyaay/history.htm
The Kamia of Imperial Valley, Coyote Press  http://www.coyotepress.com/cgi-bin/cyp455/scan/mp=keywords/se=Kamia%20Indians/st=sql/tf=author/tf=title/cs=no/em=yes
Kumeyaay  http://www.desertusa.com/mag99/july/papr/kumeyaay.html
Kumiai Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=DIH
Kumiai Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=DIH
Kwaaymii; People Right Here  http://www.americanindiansource.com/khistories/histories.html
San Diego History  http://www.sandiegohistory.org/timeline/timeline.htm
SFSU Narrative - Yuman  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/yuman.html
Who is Tribal, Indian, Native American Today?  http://www.americanindiansource.com/whoarewe.html

Last updated 07/19/07  Copyright © 2007 by Four Directions Press