FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Karuk

 

Ethnie: KARUK
Language: Karuk
Family: Shastan
Stock: Western Hokan
Phylum: Hokan
Macro-Culture: Northwestern Californian
Speakers 126      1990 Census
     The Karuk were a sedentary hunter/gatherer tribe that relied heavily on salmon fishing. They were located on the middle course of the Klamath River and its tributaries from just above the Trinity to about the mouth of Bluff Creek. They suffered severely from the depredations of the gold rush miners.
Aboriginal Locations
Lower and Upper Karuk, totaling 36 villages
Present Locations
KARUK TRIBE, Happy Camp
QUARTZ VALLEY RANCHERIA OF KAROK, SHASTA, AND UPPER KLAMATH INDIANS OF CALIFORNIA, Quartz Valley
Year History
1820 Visited by Hudson Bay Company traders, first contact with Whites
1850 Swarmed upon by miners
1852 Villages burned by whites, 15 killed; in all, 75 killed that year; Karuk fled but returned to claim lands when small gold claims played out
1871 Began practice of Ghost Dance
Year Population Source
2,700 Cook aboriginal estimate
1700 2,700 NAHDB calculation
1800 2,700 NAHDB calculation
1848 2,000 Cook estimate
1852 1,800 Cook estimate
1880 1,000 Cook estimate
1900 1,000 NAHDB calculation
1904 994 Per Kroeber
1910 775 Census
1930 755 Census
1948 24 Kennedy
1989 2,133 BIA
2000 2,700 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Karuk Sites
American Indian Knowledge & the Problem of Sustainability  http://www.xlibris.de/magickriver/karuk.htm
American Indians Today  http://www.nps.gov/redw/area_amerind2.htm
Ayukii:  Karuk, The People of the Klamath  http://www.karuk.net/
Early Days in Klamath  http://www.sfmuseum.org/hist7/klamath.html
Efforts Undar Way to Preserve Karuk Language  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues02/Co03232002/CO_03232002_Karuk_Language.htm
The Gold Rush Legacy:  Greed, Pollution, and Genocide    http://www.earthisland.org/eijournal/spring98/sp98g_wr.htm
Institute of Native Knowledge (Karuk Storytellers)  http://www.inkpeople.org/karuk.html
Karok  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/karok.html
Karok Houses at Soames Bar  http://www.edwardscurtis.com/KAROKH.html
Karuk Indian History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/quoratean/karokhist.htm
Karok Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=KYH
Karok Language  http://www.native-languages.org/karok.htm
Karuk Language Section  http://www.ncidc.org/bright/karuk.html
Karok Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=KYH
Karok (4th grade student project)  http://www.murrieta.k12.ca.us/alta/grade4/tribes/karok.html
Karok (Translation)  http://www.language-museum.com/k/karok.htm
Karok Woman  http://www.edwardscurtis.com/KAROKW.html
Karuk Acorn Soup Cooking Basket    http://www.manyhandsgallery.net/baskets/bas8.htm
Karuk Bibliography  http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/cilc/bibs/karuk.html
Karuk Constitution  http://doc.narf.org/nill/Constitutions/karukconst/karukconsttoc.htm
Karuk Dance Cap  http://www.manyhandsgallery.net/baskets/bas12.htm
Karuk Elder Keeps Culture Alive Through Coyote's Tales  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues02/Co02092002/CO_02092002_Coyote_Tales.htm
Karuk (Lands)  http://www.sisqtel.net/~rbley/richrdsontribe.htm
Karuk Language  http://www.ncidc.org/karuk/index.html
Karuk Lidded Gift Baskets  http://sorrel.humboldt.edu/~rwj1/kar.html
Karuk Literature  http://www.indians.org/welker/karuk.htm
Karuk Literature  http://www.indigenouspeople.net/karuk.htm
Karuk Songs Downloadable  http://www.ncidc.org/sounds/sndindex.htm
Karuk Tribal Design Works  http://www.woodguild.com/karukcdc/main.htm
Karuk, the Upwater People Book reviews  http://www.naturegraph.com/indian/in-gen/Karuk,_T.html
Karuk Woman on a Horse    http://www.ncidc.org/photos/gallery3/85_5.htm
Karuk Work Hat    http://www.manyhandsgallery.net/baskets/bas5.htm
The Keruk and Nulik:  Redistributing the Wealth  http://daphne.palomar.edu/ddozier/course_notes/concepts/reciprocity/keruk.htm
Lang, Julian  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/B843
Native Americans Reclaim Sacred Land  http://www.murrieta.k12.ca.us/alta/grade4/tribes/karok.html
NOAA Awards $46,000 to Karuk ... http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/InNews/fishnews0392004.htm
Northern California Plank House  http://www.ncidc.org/photos/gallery1/85_13.htm
Northwest California Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_california-oregon_culture.htm
Place of Writing in Preserving Oral Languages    http://jan.ucc.nau.edu/~jar/RIL_7.html
Richardson Bedrock Mine ...  http://users.sisqtel.net/rbley/richrdsontribe.htm
Saving Tribal Tongues  http://www.berkeley.edu/news/berkeleyan/1995/0301/tribal.html
Trailblazer Keeps Flame Alive for American Indians  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues00/Co11042000/CO_11042000_Trailblazer.htm

Last updated 07/19/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press