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Klamath

 

 

Ethnie: Klamath
Language: Klamath-Modoc
Family: Klamath-Modoc
Stock: Plateau Penutian
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Northwest Plateau
Speakers 1 1998 NY Times
     The Klamath were a sedentary hunter/gatherer tribe.  They lived about Upper Klamath Lake, Klamath Marsh, and Willliamson and Sprague River.  They were most closely related to the Modoc with whom they had the most conflicts.  The Modoc joined the Klamath in 1874 after the Modoc War in Northern California.
Aboriginal Locations
OR Subdivisions (Villages):  A'kchni (29), Du'kwakni (6), Gu'mbotkni (12), Iu'la'lonkni (19), Kowa'cdikni (1)
Oregon Present Locations
OR  Klamath Tribes, Chiloquin  http://www.klamathtribes.org/
Present Components Tribe Language Phylum
Klamath Modoc Yahooskin
Klamath-Modoc Klamath-Modoc Western Numic
Macro-Penutian Macro-Penutian Aztec-Tanoan
Year History
1829 Peter Skeene Ogden of Hudson Bay Company established relations with tribe
1841 Influx of Oregon Trail settlers began
1864 Ceded lands along with Modoc, both moved to Klamath Reservation
1871 Began practice of Ghost Dance
1872 Modoc removed to California due to starvation and tensions with Klamath starting Modoc War, most of tribe moved back to Klamath Reservation
1954 US government special relationship terminated
1986 Tribes restored to full federal recognition
1997 Opened Kla-Mo-Ya Casino
Year U.S. Population Source
1700 1,200 NAHDB calculation
1780 1,200 Spier estimate
1800 800 NAHDB calculation
1900 750 NAHDB calculation
1905 755 Officially reported
1910 696 Census
1937 1,912 US Indian Office
1977 2,000 SIL
2000 3,500 Tribe
2000 3,500 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
CA  Modoc
Klamath Sites:
Crater Lake Cultural History  http://craterlake.wr.usgs.gov/history.html
Crater Lake:  Klamath Indians  http://www.nps.gov/crla/kllife.htm
Early Days in Klamath  http://www.sfmuseum.org/hist7/klamath.html
Klamath  http://www.nativeamericans.com/Klamath.htm
Klamath  http://www.mnsu.edu/emuseum/cultural/northamerica/klamath_indians.html
Klamath  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klamath
Klamath  http://www.angelfire.com/realm/shades/nativeamericans/klamath.htm
Klamath Culture and History  http://www.native-languages.org/klamath.htm
Klamath Indian Forest and ...  http://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/html/uscode25/usc_sec_25_00000564---w001-.html
Klamath Indian Tribe  http://www.essortment.com/all/klamathindiann_rjol.htm
Klamath Indian Tribe History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/lutuamian/klamath_indian_tribe.htm
Klamath Modoc Indian Baskets  http://www.californiabaskets.com/pages/klamathhome.html
Klamath-Modoc Indian Language  http://www.native-languages.org/klamath-modoc.htm
Klamath-Modoc Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=KLA
Klamath-Modoc Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=KLA
Klamath / Modoc Linguistics  http://www.uoregon.edu/~delancey/klamath.html
Klamath-Modoc Linguistics Bibliography  http://www.uoregon.edu/~delancey/bib/klambib.html
Klamath River Baskets  http://www.calacademy.org/research/people/things/
Klamath Trail  http://www.endoftheoregontrail.org/oregontrails/klamath.html
Klamath Tribe - Restoration  http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/casecode/uscodes/25/chapters/14/subchapters/xiv-a/toc.html
Klamath Tribes  http://www.klamathtribes.org/
Klamath Tribes  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Klamath_Tribes
Klamath Tribes ...  http://www.propertyrightsresearch.org/articles6/klamath_tribes.htm
Klamath Tribes Celebrate Restoration  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues02/Co09072002/CO_09072002_Klamath.htm
Klamath Tribe - Termination ...  http://caselaw.lp.findlaw.com/casecode/uscodes/25/chapters/14/subchapters/xiii/toc.html
Kla-Mo-Ya Casino   http://www.klamathtribes.org/klamoya.html
Northwest: Oregon Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_california-oregon_culture.htm
Restoration of Federal Recognition ...  http://www.waterforlife.net/Klamath/Restoration%2520of%2520Klamath%2520Tribes.htm
Society - Klamath  http://lucy.ukc.ac.uk/EthnoAtlas/Hmar/Cult_dir/Culture.7853
Upper Klamath  http://users.sisqtel.net/armstrng/Indupper_klamath.htm

Last updated 11/08/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press