FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Kohuana

 

Ethnie: KOHUANA (COANA)
Language: Delta-California Yuman
Family: Yuman
Stock: Esselen-Yuman
Phylum: Hokan
Macro-Culture: Colorado River
Speakers None      
     The Kohuana were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. They lived on the east side of the Colorado and below the Gila when met by Garcés. They were closely connected to the Halykwami and enemies of the Cocopa. Conflicts with other Yumans forced them to relocate often, and ultimately, to join the Maricopa in Arizona.
Aboriginal Locations
2 villages in California and 1 in Arizona
Present Locations
Most confederated into the Maricopa in Arizona, though some probably migrated to Mexico
Year History
1540 Mentioned by Alarcón on Colorado River
1604 Visited by Oñate
1701 Met by Kino, called "Cutganas"
1776 Garcés reported that they were numerous and an enemy of the Cocopa; later lived near present Parker beside Halchidhoma; later yet removed south for 5 years
1781 Several killed by the Yuma, so most merged with the Maricopa
1851 Bartlett reported 10 living with Maricopa
Year Population AZ CA Source
1680 3,000 Mooney estimate
1700 3,000 1,500 1,500 NAHDB calculation
1776 3,000 Garces report
1800 1,000  1,000 NAHDB calculation
1851 10 Bartlett
1883 38 per Kroeber, according to Mojave
1900 50 50 NAHDB calculation
2000 0 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Cocopa, Digueño, Halykwami, Kamia
Kohuana Sites
Arizona Indian Tribes  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/arizona/
California Discovered  http://www.greencity.org/discovery.html
Cocopa Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=COC
Cocopa Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/14/show_lang_family.asp?code=COC
Human Impacts on the Mojave National Preserve Area  http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2004/1007/humans.html
Indian Tribes of North America (Extract)  http://www.hiddenhistory.com/PAGE3/swsts/arizona1.HTM
Kumiai Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=DIH
Kumiai/Cocopa Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=DIH
Who Are We?  http://www.americanindiansource.com/whoarewe.html

Last updated 11/08/08  Copyright © 2008 by Four Directions Press