FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Kwaiailk

 

 

Ethnie: KWAIAILK
Language: Chehalis
Family: Inland Tsamosan
Stock: Tsamosan
Phylum: Salishan
Macro-Culture: Northwest
Speakers 2 or fewer  All elderly
   The Kwaiailk were a sedentary coastal hunter/gatherers and relied heavily on fishing.  The tribe that lived along the upper course of the Chehalis River in southwest Washington.  They suffered from the White influx.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
WA  (1)
Present Locations
WA  Cowlitz Reservation, Oakville
Year History
1788 Visited by Mears
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1805 Visited by Lewis and Clark
1811 Astoria founded
1830 Malaria and flu epidemic
1877 Joined Cowlitz
Year  Population Source
1700 400 NAHDB calculation 
1800 400 NAHDB calculation
1877 216 Gibbs before joining Cowlitz
1900 0 NAHDB calculation
2000 0 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Chehalis
Kwaiailk Sites:
Chehalis Indian Language  http://www.native-languages.org/chehalis.htm
Chehalis Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=CJH
Chehalis Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=CJH
Northwest Coast Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/northwest_coastal_culture.htm

Last updated 11/08/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press