FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Kwakiutl

 

 

Ethnie: KWAKIUTL
Language: Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala)
Family: Northern Wakashan
Stock: Wakashan
Phylum: Wakashan
Macro-Culture: Northwestern
Speakers 190   (2002 Poser)  
      The Kwakiutl were a large sedentary maritime hunter dialectic group and culture that relied heavily on fishing. They occupied both shores of Queen Charlotte Sound and the northern end of Vancouver Island.
      They suffered from the White influx. A great deal of their culture was lost as a result of the banning of the potlatch.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
BC     Koskimo (3), Nawiti (2), Kwakiutl (14)
Present Locations
BC    Campbell River Indian Band, Campbell River
         Cape Mudge Indian Band, Quathiaski Cove
         Kwakiutl Indian Band, Port Hardy
         Kwa-wa-aineuk Indian Band, Sullivan Bay
         Kwicksutaineuk-aw-kwa-ah-mish Indian Band, Gitfore Island
         Mamaleleqala-Qwe'Qwa'Sot'Enox Indian Band, Campbell River
         Tanakteuk Indian Band, Campbell River
         Tsawataineuk Indian Band, Kingcome Inlet
Year History
1640 Visited by Fuentes
1775 Visited by Bodega and Maurelle
1786 Visited by James Strange
1791 Totem poles first mentioned by Whites
1792 Area charted by Capt. George Vancouver
1827 Fort Langley post founded by Hudson Bay Company (HBC)
1833 Fort McLoughlin post founded by HBC
1843 HBC post established at Victoria
1849 HBC post at Fort Rupert
1850 Nahwiti destroyed by coastal authorities
1857 Village of Gwayasdums destroyed by Bella Coola
1862 Smallpox epidemic
1870 Alert Bay Salmon cannery established
1877 Anglican missionary Rev. A. J. Hall arrived at Fort Rupert
1884 Canadian Pacific Railroad completed; potlatch banned in British Columbia
1897 Franz Boas studies of exogamy and totemism began
Year BC Population   Source
1700 8,000   NAHDB calculation
1800 8,000   NAHDB calculation
1835 8,000   Codere
1853 7,000   Hall
1881 3,500   Codere
1890 1,754   Hawthorne, Belshaw, Jamieson
1900 1,597   Hawthorne, Belshaw, Jamieson
1900 1,600   NAHDB calculation
1929 1,088   Hawthorne, Belshaw, Jamieson
1939 1,220   Hawthorne, Belshaw, Jamieson
1954 1,891   Hawthorne, Belshaw, Jamieson
1983 3,532   CDIA
2000 4,500   NAHDB calculation
2005 4,896   Indian Life Online
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Kwakiutl Tribes Sites:
Baker, Wade Stephen, Kwakiutl Artist   http://www.nativeonline.com/wadebaker.htm
Chief Lelooska  http://www.lelooska.org/chief.htm
Cluxewe Resort  http://www.cluxewe.com/html/kwakiutl_welcome.htm
Earthquake of Enormous Magnitude ... http://historylink.org/essays/output.cfm?file_id=5098
Encountering Native Americans  http://www.library.yale.edu/beinecke/native1.htm
Gifting and Feasting in the Northwest Potlatch  http://www.peabody.harvard.edu/potlatch/
Kwakiutl  http://www.nativeamericans.com/Kwakiutl.htm
Kwakiutl  http://www.angelfire.com/hi4/Magik8Ball/Kwak.html
Kwakiutl  http://www.everyculture.com/North-America/Kwakiutl-Orientation.html
Kwakiutl  http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761568430/kwakiutl.html
Kwakiutl Art  http://calvinhunt.com/
Kwakiutl Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t175
Kwakiutl Canoe  http://www.old-picture.com/indians/Kwakiutl-Indian-Canoe.htm
Kwakiutl Dancers with Totems  http://encarta.msn.com/media_461562595_761573243_-1_1/Kwakiutl_Dancers_with_Totems.html
Kwakiutl Indian  http://www.pbs.org/weta/thewest/resources/archives/one/61_12.htm
Kwakiutl Indian Band, Fort Rupert  http://www.kwakiutl.bc.ca/
Kwakiutl Indian Man  http://www.old-picture.com/indians/Kwakiutl-Indian-Man.htm
Kwakiutl Indian Mask  http://www.masksoftheworld.com/NoAmerica/Native%20American%20Mask%20Kwakiutl.htm
Kwakiutl Indians  http://projects.edtech.sandi.net/kimbrough/kwakiutl/
Kwakiutl Language  http://www.native-languages.org/kwakiutl.htm
Kwakiutl Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=kwk
Kwakiutl Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=kwk
Kwakiutl Man with Shaman's Rattle  http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic-art/405948/95772/Kwakiutl-man-in-traditional-dress-holding-a-ceremonial-staff-and
Kwakiutl Masks  http://www.spiritsofthewestcoast.com/masks.asp
Kwakiutl Midwinter Ceremony  http://www.brownielocks.com/kwakiutl.html
Kwakiutl Pictures http://www.imageenvision.com/free_pictures/kwakiutl_indian_1.html
Kwakiutl Recipes  http://www.hallman.org/indian/recipe.html
Kwakiutl Red Cedar Ceremony  Video  http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ssiPjVKVB_0
Kwakiutl Tales  http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/nw/kt/
Kwakiutl Women and Children  http://gallery.unl.edu/picinfo/8167.html
Kwakwa'ala Bibliography  http://www.ydli.org/biblios/kwabib.htm
Look What We Have Learned  2nd/3rd Grade Student Project  http://www.smfc.k12.ca.us/class/georgehall/torres/2002/
McDoougall, Jeff, Kwakiutl Jewler  http://www.jeffmcdougall.com/
Museum at Campbell River  http://www.crmuseum.ca/
Wakiash and the First Totem Pole (Legend)  http://www.aaanativearts.com/article490.html
Wakash Indians  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/15525c.htm

Last updated 11/10/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press