FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Loucheaux Tribes

 

 

Ethnie: LOUCHEAUX TRIBES (KUTCHIN, GWITCH'IN, LOUCHEUX)
Language: Han-Kutchin
Family: Athapaskan
Stock: Nuclear Na-Dene
Phylum: Na-Dene
Macro-Culture: Northwest

 

 

 

 

      The Kutchin language group, including the Loucheaux, were several arctic hunter tribes. They ranged generally inland but above the Arctic Circle from north central Alaska to the Mackenzie River in the Northwest Territories. They suffered severely from disease, even though they had little early White contact. The name "Kutchin" is preferred in Alaska.
Aboriginal Locations (Villages)
NT         Nakotcho-kutchin
YT         Takkuth-kutchin, Tatlit-kutchin, Vunta-kutchin
Present Locations
NT Aklavik Indian Band, Aklavik
  Teetl'it Zheh, Fort McPherson
  Tsiigehtchic Chartered Community, Arctic Red River
YT Champagne and Aishihik First Nations, Haines Junction
  Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation, Old Crow
Year History
1789 Met by Mackenzie
1806 Fort Good Hope established
1847 Fort Yukon established
185X Epidemics, smallpox [?]
1860 Contact with Catholic and Church of England missionaries
1897 Scarlet fever epidemic
1898 Klondike gold rush opened territories
1904 Measles epidemic
1921 Influenza epidemic
1928 Influenza epidemic
Year Total  Population NT YT   Source
1700 1,700 500 1,200   NAHDB calculation
1740 1,700       Mooney estimate
1800 2,500 800 1,700   NAHDB calculation
1850 2,600       Krech
1860 500       Krech
1900 500       NAHDB calculation
1968 1,000       Slobodin
2000 2,000 1,200 900   NAHDB calculation
2005 2,009 1,219 890   Indian Life Online
Other speakers of the same language:
Han, Kutchin Tribes
Loucheaux Sites
Champagne and Aishihik First Nations  http://www.cafn.ca/
Champagne and Aishihik First Nations  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Champagne_and_Aishihik_First_Nations
Champagne and Aishihik First Nations History  http://www.caforestry.ca/history.aspx
Edith Josey  http://www.firstnationsdrum.com/fall2000/bio_Josie.htm
Gwich'In Council International  http://www.gwichin.org/gwichin.html
Gwich'In Culture  http://www.gwichinsteeringcommittee.org/gwichinnation.html
Gwich'In Language  http://www.native-languages.org/gwichin.htm
Gwich'in Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=gwi
Gwich'in Linguistic Lineage http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=gwi
Gwich'In of Alaska and Canada  http://arcticcircle.uconn.edu/ANWR/anwrgwichin.html
Kutchin Indian Tribe History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/canada/kutchinindianhist.htm
History of Contact ...   http://yukon.taiga.net/vuntutrda/history/contact.htm
Loucheux  http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/09367b.htm
Mackenzie River and Arctic Red River Crossing  http://www.explorenwt.com/travel-guides/PDF/Touring_guide_2005/Pg%2029-31%20Dempster%20Highway%20cont..pdf
Old Crow - Yukon  http://www.oldcrow.ca/
Vuntut Gwitchen  http://www.vgfn.ca/
Vuntut Gwitchin Community Profile  http://www.yfnta.org/community/Profile.asp?First_Nation=19
Vuntut Gwitchin First Nation  http://www.fiddlechicks.com/oldcrow/

Last updated 11/26/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press