FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

Luiseño

 

Ethnie: LUISEÑO
Language: Southern Takic
Family: Takic
Stock: Uto-Aztecan
Phylum: Aztec-Tanoan
Macro-Culture: Southern California
Speakers 43      1990 Census
     The Takic peoples arrived in southern California about 2,500 years ago. All were peaceful hunter/ gatherer mountain and desert cultures. The Luiseño were located in present northern San Diego County and southwestern Riverside County. The Luiseño delineation was a result of the Spanish missionization and their attachment to Mission San Luis Rey.
Aboriginal Locations
Akipa, Alapai, Amulkatlkarl, Atlkawan, Awa', Hakutl, Hapai, Heish, Hunalapa, Iuknmak, Katukio, Kawaiam, Keish, Kome, Kuiauma, Malamai, Mehel-om-com-oauvo, Merhawi, Met-hwai, Ngorivo, Opila, Pa'auw, Pala, Paialiche, Palamai, Pamo, Pashkwo, Pauha, Saumai, Setmanumin, Shakisma, Sinau-pichkara, Ta'i, Tapoma, Tawish-po-shapia, Temecu, Tomkav, Topamai, Tutukwimai, Ushma, Waiwio, Washaimai, Washka, Wikyo
Present Locations
LA JOLLA RESERVATION, Pauma Valley
PALA RESERVATION, Pala
PAUMA AND YUIMA RESERVATION, Pauma
PECHANGA RESERVATION, Temecula
RINCON RESERVATION, Valley Center
SAN PASQUAL RESERVATION, Valley Center
SOBOBA RESERVATION, Hemet
Groups with recognition petitions pending:
SAN LUIS REY BAND OF MISSION INDIANS, Escondido
Year History
1796  Met by Portola expedition, immediate epidemics
1798  Mission San Luis Rey Francia established
1821  Much of tribe indentured to Mexican feudal barons
1845  Abandoned mission under Chief Cota, killed 11 Hispanics; attacked by Cahuilla who were recruited by Mexico for US war, 33-100 killed
1863  Smallpox epidemic
1875  Unsuccessful lawsuit to secure La Jolla rancheria, granted reservations
Year Population Source
10,000 R.C. White aboriginal population estimate
1700  10,000 NAHDB calculation
1800  6,000 NAHDB calculation
1828  3,683 Mission records
1856  2,500 ARCIA
1856  975 ARCIA
1885  1,142 ARCIA
1900  1,000 NAHDB calculation
1914  983 ARCIA
1925  841 ARCIA
1940  402 ARCIA
1960  564 BIA
1973  547 BIA
1981  1,065 NAHDB estimate using BIA data
1989  2,354 NAHDB estimate using BIA data
2000  2,600 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Cahuilla, Cupeno, Juaneno
Luiseno links:
Astronomy Played a Major Role in Region's Native Cultures  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues01/Co03242001/CO_03242001_Astronomy.htm
Before This Land - Legend  http://www.firstpeople.us/FP-Html-Legends/Before_This_Land-Luiseno.html
Class Preserves Luiseno Culture  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues01/Co04212001/CO_04212001_Luiseno.htm
CSUSM Chases Off Tukwut  http://www.csusm.edu/profe/tukwut.htm
Cupules:  Luiseno and Cahuilla  http://www.sinay.com/rockart/rock/rock-10.htm
Dance of the Dead  http://www.fortunecity.com/skyscraper/tcpip/130/luiseno1.html
Harrah's Rincon Resort and Casino  http://www.harrahs.com/our_casinos/rin/
Hidden Meadows, History  http://www.allenhemphill.com/History_of_Hidden%20Meadows.htm
History of the Luiseno  http://members.aol.com/perrismuseum/luiseno.htm
Indian Rock Native Garden  http://www.csusm.edu/indianrock/index.html
Iswut of San Luis Rey - Tale  http://www.nativetalk.org/pages/story.htm
La Jolla Band of Luiseno Indians  http://www.lajollaindians.com/
La Jolla Tribal Elder to Receive Honorary Degree  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues01/Co06162001/CO_06162001_Elder_Awarded.htm
La Jolla Reservation Church  http://www.pbase.com/platscha/image/78578835
Luiseno 4th Grade Student Project  http://www.murrieta.k12.ca.us/alta/grade4/tribes/luiseno.html
Luiseno Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t45
Luiseno Basket  http://content.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/tf209nb5hk/
Luiseno Basket  http://content.cdlib.org/ark:/13030/tf8v19p6pf/?layout=metadata&brand=calisphere
Luiseno Basket Coloring Page  http://www.enchantedlearning.com/artists/amerind/coloring/luisenobasket.shtml
Luiseno Bibliography  http://www.americanindian.ucr.edu/references/bibliographies/luiseno.html
Luiseno/Cahuilla Group - SFSU Narrative   http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/luiseno.html
Luiseno Ethnobotany    http://daphne.palomar.edu/scrout/luisenob.htm
Luiseno Ethnozoology    http://daphne.palomar.edu/scrout/luisenoz.htm
Luiseno Indian Language  http://www.native-languages.org/luiseno.htm
Luiseno Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/shoshoni/luisenoindianhist.htm
Luiseno Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=LUI
Luiseno Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_lang_family.asp?code=LUI
Luiseno Literature  http://www.indians.org/welker/luiseno.htm
Luiseno of California  http://www.nativetalk.org/pages/historyPrint.htm
Luiseno Park Opens in Oceanside  http://www.nctimes.com/articles/2004/06/06/news/coastal/22_38_316_5_04.txt
Luisenos  http://www.curtis-collection.com/tribe%20data/luisenos.html
Mission San Luis Rey  http://www.sanluisrey.org/History/FAQhistory.asp
Pala Casino  http://www.palacasino.com/
Pala Indians    http://www.palaindians.com/
Paul J. Price, Artist  http://www.pauljprice.com/
Pauma Band of Mission Indians  http://www.ics.uci.edu/~aisi/97_aisics/people/ctoledo/luiseno1.html
Pechanga History  http://www.pechanga-nsn.gov/page?pageId=6
Pechanga Land Transfer Act  http://www.theorator.com/bills108/hr4908.html
Pechanga Resort and Casino  http://www.pechanga.com/
Pictographs:  Luiseno  http://www.sinay.com/rockart/rock/rock-8.htm
Planting Seeds for Future Generations - Luiseno Tribal Community Garden  http://www.heydaybooks.com/news/issues/articles/14.3.planting.html
Rincon Reservation  http://www.csusm.edu/bbiggs/loc/rezinfo/rincon/index.htm
San Diego History Timeline  http://www.sandiegohistory.org/timeline/timeline.htm
Soap Lilies in California  http://waynesword.palomar.edu/pldec198.htm
Soboba Band of Luiseno Indians  http://www.soboba-nsn.gov/
Soboba Casino  http://www.soboba.net/
Southern California Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/southern_california_culture.htm
Tribal Governments Served by Palomar College  http://www.palomar.edu/americanindianstudies/tribgovserv.htm
Uto-Aztecan Language Luiseno  http://www.cs.vu.nl/~dick/Summaries/Languages/Luiseno.pdf

Last updated 07/20/07  Copyright © 2007 by Four Directions Press