FOUR DIRECTIONS INSTITUTE

 

Maidu

 

Ethnie: MAIDU
Languages: Nisenan, Northeast Maidu, Northwest Maidu, Valley Maidu
Family: Maiduan
Stock: Maiduam
Phylum: Penutian
Macro-Culture: Central California
Speakers 34      1977 Sebeok
     The Maidu were a language group of hunter/gatherer tribes. Some of the Maiduan dialects may have been different enough to be considered to be different languages. They ranged throughout the drainages of the American and Feather Rivers. Their culture was destroyed by White introduced disease and by the genocide of the gold rush settlers and miners. Some are now seeking federal recognition.
Aboriginal Locations
Northeastern Division (7), Northwestern Division (39), Southern or Nisenan (56)
Present Locations
AUBURN RANCHERIA, Auburn
BERRY CREEK RANCHERIA, Berry Creek
ENTERPRISE RANCHERIA, Oroville
GREENVILLE RANCHERIA, Redding
MAIDU TRIBE, Butte County
MAIDU TRIBE, Nevada County
MOORETOWN RANCHERIA, Oroville
NISENAN MAIDU TRIBE, Placer County
ROUND VALLEY RESERVATION, Covelo
SUSANVILLE RANCHERIA, Susanville
Groups With Recognition Petitions Pending
MAIDU NATION, Susanville
Year History
1821 Large number indentured to Mexican feudal barons
1828 Jedediah Smith passed through country
1833 Malaria epidemic
1839 John Sutter established New Helvetia, smallpox epidemic
1850 California gold rush, depredations by settlers/miners against Indians
1851 Treaty of 1851 negotiated with Wozencroft
1852 Senate rejected treaties
1863 Soldiers "marched" 461 to Round Valley, 32 died en route, survivors eventually filtered back to ancestral lands
Year Population Source
1700 9,000 NAHDB calculation
1770 9,000 Kroeber estimate
1800 9,000 NAHDB calculation
1848 7,000 Cook estimate
1856 2,300 Cook estimate
1865 1,550 Cook estimate
1880 1,000 Cook estimate
1900 1,100 NAHDB calculation
1910 1,100 Census
1989 1,329 BIA (Berry Creek, Enterprise, Potter Valley, Greenville, and Mooretown
2000 1,700 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
None
Maidu Links
Acorn Epicures  http://virtual-markets.net/vme/ARNHA/acornepi.html
George Lassen Allen  http://www.geocities.com/heartland/forest/1297/geolallen.html
Central California Culture and Ethnobotany  http://www.fourdir.com/central_california_culture.htm
Coloma Valley History  http://www.coloma.com/gold/
Day, Frank:  The Legacy of a Maidu Artist  http://www.museumca.org/exhibit/exhi_memory_imagination.html
Early Inhabitants of Spenceville - Maidu  http://www.gv.net/~spenceville/human/EARLY.htm
Enterprise Rancheria  http://enterpriserancheria.org/
Feather Falls Casino  http://www.featherfallscasino.com/
Gold Country Casino  http://www.goldcountrycasino.com/
Gold, Greed, and Genocide  http://www.treatycouncil.org/section_2118711.htm
The Gold Rush Legacy:  Greed, Pollution, and Genocide    http://www.earthisland.org/eijournal/spring98/sp98g_wr.htm
Greenville Rancheria  http://www.greenvillerancheria.com/
Honey Lake Maidu  http://www.honeylakemaidu.org/
Honey Lake Maidu  http://honeylakemaidu.homestead.com/Index.html
Indians' Misfortune Was Stamped in Gold  http://www.calgoldrush.com/part3/03native.html
Indian Wars Are Not Over  http://albionmonitor.net/9-2-95/indianwars.html
Kon Cow Valley Band of Maidu  http://www.maidu.com/maidu/
Maidu  http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/society/A0831239.html
Maidu  http://www.scsc.k12.ar.us/2002Outwest/NaturalHistory/Projects/LachowskyR/Maidu.htm
Maidu  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/maidu.html
The Maidu  http://www.californiahistory.net/2_natives/maidu.htm
Maidu and Other Origin Stories from Northern California  http://www4.hmc.edu:8001/humanities/beckman/western/maidu.htm
Maidu Artisan  http://ctap295.ctaponline.org/~ccasner/artisan1.htm
Maidu Authors  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/t47
Maidu Basket  http://brucekapson.com/dynamic/artwork_display.asp?ArtworkID=102&Page=1
Maidu Baskets  http://www.californiabaskets.com/pages/maiduhome.html
Maidu Baskets  http://www.indianterritory.com/pages/maidu_baskets.htm
Maidu Creation Myth  http://www.firstpeople.us/FP-Html-Legends/TheCreation-Maidu.html
Maidu Epicures  http://www.manataka.org/page391.html
Maidu Family - Florence Bird Studio  http://www.florencebird.com/portraits.htm
Maidu Fashion  http://ctap295.ctaponline.org/~ccasner/fashion1.htm
Maidu Food Walk Student project  http://www.cusd.chico.k12.ca.us/~bmentzel/maidu.html
Maidu Headmen with Treaty Commissioners  http://www.museumca.org/goldrush/silver-maidu.html
Maidu Indian's  http://thefirstamericans.homestead.com/Maidu.html
Maidu Indians: Nevada County  http://www.aboutnevadacounty.com/history/maidu/
Maidu Indians :  Old Sierra Historical Ranch  http://oldsierrahistoricalranch.com/maidu.htm
Maidu Indian Tribe  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/pujunan/maiduindianhist.htm
Maidu Language  http://www.native-languages.org/maidu.htm
Maidu Language, Nisenan  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=NSZ
Maidu Language, Northeast  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=NMU
Maidu Language, Northwest  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=MAI
Maidu Language, Valley  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=VMV
Maidu Myths and Tales  http://www.ipl.org/div/natam/bin/browse.pl/B482
Maidu, Nisenan, and Oustemah Indians of Nevada County  http://www.cagenweb.com/nevada/ncmaidu.html
Maidu Origin Narrative  http://eee.uci.edu/99f/28110/rapch1.html    (Document 3)
Maidu Photo:  Captain Alek and Wife Eliza  http://www.cagenweb.com/plumas/maidu1.htm
Maidu Stewardship Project  http://www.redlodgeclearinghouse.org/stories/maidustewardship.html
Maidu - SFSU Narrative  http://bss.sfsu.edu/calstudies/NativeWebPages/maidu.html
The Maidu Story  http://ling.ucsc.edu/Jorge/shipley.html
Maidu Texts  http://www.sacred-texts.com/nam/ca/mdut/
Mooretown Rancheria Reclassification ...  http://216.109.157.86/press_release/Mooretown%20Rancheria%20Tribal%20Council%20Announces%20Reclassification%20of%20Some%20Members.htm
Native American Uses of Asphaltum  http://seeps.wr.usgs.gov/seeps/native_uses.html
Nisenan Bibliography  http://www.mip.berkeley.edu/cilc/bibs/nisenan.html
Nisenan Indian Man with Arrows  http://www.museumca.org/goldrush/silver-nisenan.html
Nisenan (Native Americans)  http://bearriver.us/nisenan.php
Nisenan People  http://www.placercountyhistoricalsociety.org/Histories/nisenan.htm
The Nisenan - The People of Nevada County  http://www.ncgold.com/goldrushtown/nisenan.html
Northern California Maidu Basket  http://www.manyhandsgallery.net/baskets/bas17.htm
Northern California Petroglyphs  http://www.angelfire.com/biz/bearpawss/PetroPics.html
Plumas County Museum - Northern Maidu  http://www.countyofplumas.com/museum/maidu_indians.htm
Rock House:  Why the Sun Follows the Moon  http://www.powersource.com/cocinc/articles/rockh.htm
Roseville - Maidu Interpretive Center  http://www.roseville.ca.us/parks/parks_n_facilities/facilities/maidu_indian_museum/default.asp
Sutter County Cultural Resources  http://ceres.ca.gov/planning/genplan/sutter/cultural.html
Thunder Valley Casino  http://www.thundervalleyresort.com/
United Auburn Rancheria  http://www.auburnrancheria.com/

Last updated 08/10/07  Copyright 2007 by Four Directions Press