Ethnie: MIAMI
Dialect: Miami
Language: Miami-Illinois
Family: Central Algonquian
Stock: Algonquian
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers Language extinct
      The Miami were a sedentary hunter/farmer confederacy closely related to the Illinois.  They were located about the southwestern and southern shore of Lake Michigan.  They relocated often and suffered greatly from conflicts with Whites and other tribes.
      The Miami have lost much of their culture and are striving to retrieve their language.
Aboriginal Locations (Subdivisions { # of villages})
IN     Atchatchafangouen, Kitlakia, Mengakonkia, Piankashaw, Pepikokia, Wea {15}
IL      Wea {1}
OH    {1}
Present Locations
IL     Miami Nation of Indiana, Peru; Wea Indian Tribe of Indiana, Inc., Clinton
OK   Miami Nation of Oklahoma, Miami
Year History
1658 Living near Green Bay upn forst White contact by Dryilettes
1670 At headwaters of Fox River but soon moved to southern end of Lake Michigan at Chicago and on St. Joseph River and on to Kalamazoo
1673 Marquette and Joliet met Miami at portage of Fox River, Wisconsin
1689 Supported French against British
1700 Allied with French for 63 years, bands arrived in Ohio
1703 Small portion of tribe at Detroit
1711 Reached Wabash River and were forced from St. Joseph River by Potawatomi, Kickapoo, and other tribes; later moved further south
1763 Abandoned eastern territories to Shawnee and removed to Indiana; allied with British
1783 Killed estimated 1,500 settlers in seven years
1790 Beginning of Little Turtle's War, twice defeated U.S. in battle
1794 Routed by Gen Wayne (Battle of Fallen Timbers)
1795 Treaty of Fort Greenville
1803 Treaty of Fort Wayne
1805 Treaty of Grouseland
1809 Treaty with the Delaware
1812 Began to dispose of lands; Little Turtle refused to aid Shawnee Tecumseh against Americans
1814 Treaty with the Wyandot
1816 Treaty with the Wea and Kickapoo at Ft. Harrison
1818 Gave up Ohio reservation
1840 All lands ceded except for one band which remained in Indiana
1867 Accompanied the Illinois to Oklahoma, given reservation in northeastern corner of state, lands later allotted in severalty
1872 Indiana lands allotted in severalty
1940 Western Miami became incorporated
Year Total Population IL IN MI OH OK WI Source
1650 4,500 Mooney estimate
1700 4,500 1,000 3,500 NAHDB calculation
1764 1,750 AccessGeneology
1800 1,500 NAHDB calculation
1825 1,400 Swanton
1885 149 Swanton
1900 243 Swanton
1900 250 100 150 NAHDB calculation 
1910 226 Census
1989 239 BIA
2000 4,600 2,500 2,100 NAHDB calculation
Other speakers of the same language:
Miami Sites:
Illinois-Miami Language
Little Turtle
Miami Authors
Miami History
Miami-Illinois Language
Miami-Illinois Linguistic Lineage
Miami Indian Culture
Miami Indian Portraits
Miami Indians
Miami Indians Facts
Miami Indians Fight for Land
Miami Indians of Indiana
Miami Indian Tribe
Miami Indian Tribe History
Miami Nation of Oklahoma
Miami Tribe
Miami Tribe
Miami Tribe
Miami Tribe Annuity Pay-Roll - 1895
Miami Tribe Constitution
Miami Tribe of Oklahoma and Miami University
Miami U., Tribe Work to Save Culture
Mischecanocquah (Little Turtle):
Prairie Region Clothing
Time Running Low to Save Miami's Indian Site
Time to Give the Indiana Miami Their Due
Wea Indian Tribe of Indiana
Winters in the Miami Indian Tribe

Last updated 12/09/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press