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Miccosukee

 

 

Ethnie: MICCOSUKEE (MIKASUKI, MICCOSUKI)
Language: Mikasuki
Family: Eastern Muskogee
Stock: Muskogee
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Miccosuki were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. They separated late from the Sawokli in Alabama, if not the Chiaha or Hitchiti. Upon arriving in Florida, they occupied the territory about Miccosukee Lake. White aggression forced them to become a major element of the Seminole, even though many maintained the Miccosuki identity. Some Seminole in both Florida and Oklahoma have Miccosuki heritage today.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
Among the Sawokli in GA
Present Locations
FL    Big Cypress Reservation, Hollywood
        Florida State Reservation, Hollywood
        Miccosukee Reservation, Homestead
        Some confederated into the Big Cypress Band of Seminole and the Seminole in OK
Year History
1778 Name appears, they are living at present Miccosukee Lake, later separated into two new locations, blamed for atrocities, probably wrongly
1817 Old Mikasuki settlement burned by Andrew Jackson (300 homes); First Seminole War
1842 Second Seminole War, many removed to Oklahoma and joined Seminole
1947 Much of tribe's ancestral lands became Everglades National Park
Year Total FL Pop. Source
1700 0 NAHDB calculation
1800 1,400 NAHDB calculation
1817 1,400   Capt. Young estimate
1900 600 NAHDB calculation 
1973 807   BIA
1989 525   BIA
2000 700 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Apalachicola, Chiaha, Hitchiti, Oconee, Ocmulgee, Sawokli, Tamathli, Yamasee
Miccosuki Sites:
Elders Seek Way to Preserve Fading Language  http://www.turtletrack.org/Issues02/Co03092002/CO_03092002_Miccosukee_Language.htm
Miccosuki  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miccosukee
Miccosuki Constitution  http://www.indigenouspeople.net/micconst.htm
Miccosuki Indian Reservation http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Miccosukee_Indian_Reservation
Miccosukee Indian Village  http://www.gocitykids.com/browse/attraction.jsp?id=8287
Miccosukee Indian Village  http://www.familytravelguides.com/articles/southeaststates/Miami/miccos1.html
Miccosukee Photo Gallery  http://fcit.usf.edu/florida/photos/native/miccos/miccos.htm
Miccosukee Resort and Gaming  http://www.miccosukeetribe.com/
Miccosukee School  http://www.racematters.org/miccosukeeschool.htm
Miccosukee Seminole Indians  http://www.miccosukeeseminolenation.com/
Miccosuki Tribe Arts Festival  http://www.smugmug.com/gallery/532476_R85s4#22004502_f5wAg
Miccosukee Tribe of Indians Constitution  http://www.tribalresourcecenter.org/ccfolder/miccosukee_constandbylaws.htm
Mikasuki Indian Tribe History  http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/mikasukihist.htm
Miccosuki Language  http://www.native-languages.org/mikasuki.htm
Mikasuki Language  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_language.asp?code=mik
Mikasuki Linguistic Lineage  http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=92336
Observations on the Seminole Indians - 1823  http://www.seminolenation-indianterritory.org/observations.htm
Oklahoma Seminole Towns of 1900  http://www.seminolenation-indianterritory.org/seminole_towns_of_1900.htm
Tamiami Trail http://www.sptimes.com/2003/webspecials03/trail/chapter4.shtml
Tribal Artery  http://www.tribalworks.com/tribal_artery_seminole2.htm

Last updated 12/10/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press