Language: Mikasuki
Family: Eastern Muskogee
Stock: Muskogee
Phylum: Algic
Macro-Culture: Eastern Woodlands
Speakers None
       The Miccosuki were a sedentary hunter/farmer tribe. They separated late from the Sawokli in Alabama, if not the Chiaha or Hitchiti. Upon arriving in Florida, they occupied the territory about Miccosukee Lake. White aggression forced them to become a major element of the Seminole, even though many maintained the Miccosuki identity. Some Seminole in both Florida and Oklahoma have Miccosuki heritage today.
Aboriginal Locations: Subdivisions (Villages)
Among the Sawokli in GA
Present Locations
FL    Big Cypress Reservation, Hollywood
        Florida State Reservation, Hollywood
        Miccosukee Reservation, Homestead
        Some confederated into the Big Cypress Band of Seminole and the Seminole in OK
Year History
1778 Name appears, they are living at present Miccosukee Lake, later separated into two new locations, blamed for atrocities, probably wrongly
1817 Old Mikasuki settlement burned by Andrew Jackson (300 homes); First Seminole War
1842 Second Seminole War, many removed to Oklahoma and joined Seminole
1947 Much of tribe's ancestral lands became Everglades National Park
Year Total FL Pop. Source
1700 0 NAHDB calculation
1800 1,400 NAHDB calculation
1817 1,400   Capt. Young estimate
1900 600 NAHDB calculation 
1973 807   BIA
1989 525   BIA
2000 700 NAHDB calculation 
Other speakers of the same language:
Apalachicola, Chiaha, Hitchiti, Oconee, Ocmulgee, Sawokli, Tamathli, Yamasee
Miccosuki Sites:
Elders Seek Way to Preserve Fading Language
Miccosuki Constitution
Miccosuki Indian Reservation
Miccosukee Indian Village
Miccosukee Indian Village
Miccosukee Photo Gallery
Miccosukee Resort and Gaming
Miccosukee School
Miccosukee Seminole Indians
Miccosuki Tribe Arts Festival
Miccosukee Tribe of Indians Constitution
Mikasuki Indian Tribe History
Miccosuki Language
Mikasuki Language
Mikasuki Linguistic Lineage
Observations on the Seminole Indians - 1823
Oklahoma Seminole Towns of 1900
Tamiami Trail
Tribal Artery

Last updated 12/10/08  Copyright 2008 by Four Directions Press